(GUINEA, West Africa.) JUST IN: #Ebola Report: At least three people have died with five others after attending a burial and testing positive for the virus, health officials say #AceHealthDesk report

#AceHealthReport – Feb.14: They fell ill with diarrhoea, vomiting and bleeding after attending a burial: Between 2013 and 2016 more than 11,000 people died in the West Africa Ebola epidemic, which began in Guinea: But in response to that epidemic several vaccines were developed, which have since been used to fight outbreaks in the Democratic Republic of Congo:

Guinea records first #Ebola deaths since 2016: https://www.who.int/westernpacific/health-topics/ebola

45 minutes ago

Ebola virus disease (EVD), formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever, is a severe, often fatal illness affecting humans and other primates in 2020 https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/ebola/ebola-health-update—%C3%A9quateur-province-democratic-republic-of-the-congo-2020

The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals (such as fruit bats, porcupines and non-human primates) and then spreads in the human population through direct contact with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected people, and with surfaces and materials (e.g. bedding, clothing) contaminated with these fluids.

The average EVD case fatality rate is around 50%. Case fatality rates have varied from 25% to 90% in past outbreaks.

The first EVD outbreaks occurred in remote villages in Central Africa, near tropical rainforests. The 2014–2016 outbreak in West Africa was the largest and most complex Ebola outbreak since the virus was first discovered in 1976. There were more cases and deaths in this outbreak than all others combined. It also spread between countries, starting in Guinea then moving across land borders to Sierra Leone and Liberia.

It is thought that fruit bats of the Pteropodidae family are natural Ebola virus hosts.

An Ebola worker in Guinea - archive
Ebola is spread through close physical contact with infected people

Ebola infects humans through close contact with infected animals, including chimpanzees, fruit bats and forest antelope.Some simple techniques can help prevent spread of Ebola.

It then spreads between humans by direct contact with infected blood, bodily fluids or organs, or indirectly through contact with contaminated environments. 

Community funerals, where people help wash the body of the person who has died, can be a key way of spreading Ebola in the earlier stages of an outbreak.

The bodies of victims are particularly toxic. The incubation period can last from two days to three weeks.

Dr Sakoba Keita, head of Guinea’s national health agency, said more tests were being done to confirm the situation in the south-eastern region near the city of Nzérékoré, and health workers were working to trace and isolate cases.

The World Health Organization’s Africa director, Matshidiso Moeti, tweeted that the global health agency was “ramping up readiness and response efforts” given the potential resurgence of Ebola in Guinea.

Map

From Ebola survivor to trainee doctor

An Ebola vaccine was first trialled over four months in 2015 in Guinea – started by the Public Health Agency of Canada and then developed by US pharmaceutical company Merck Sharp & Dohme (MSD). 

One hundred patients were identified and then close contacts were either vaccinated immediately, or three weeks later. In the 2,014 close contacts who were vaccinated immediately there were no subsequent cases of Ebola.

What is Ebola?

  • Ebola is a virus that initially causes sudden fever, intense weakness, muscle pain and a sore throat
  • It progresses to vomiting, diarrhoea and both internal and external bleeding
  • People are infected when they have direct contact through broken skin, or the mouth and nose, with the blood, vomit, faeces or bodily fluids of someone with Ebola
  • Patients tend to die from dehydration and multiple organ failure

#AceHealthDesk report ………Published: Feb.14: 2021:

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