(LONDON) #Coronavirus New Rapid Testing NudgeBox Report: Rolled out that can detect #COVID19 in 90-minutes w ill enable machines that process the tests come in desktop and palm versions and will be used in ‘ c are homes and pop-up labs’ as well as in existing facilities to test DNA next week #AceHealthDesk report

#AceHealthReport – Aug.03: New rapid tests that can detect coronavirus in just 90 minutes will start to be used in care homes and labs from next week: The two new types of test do not require trained health staff to operate them and can also pick up other winter viruses: Currently most results from tests carried out in-person are returned the following day, while home kits take longer:

#Coronavirus Report: New LamPore tests which detect #COVID19 in 90 minutes to be rolled out next week

It comes after the prime minister said he wants 500,000 coronavirus tests to be available every day by October.

Health Secretary Matt Hancock said: “The fact these tests can detect flu as well as COVID-19 will be hugely beneficial as we head into winter, so patients can follow the right advice to protect themselves and others.”

Boris Johnson says he wants 500,000 coronavirus tests to be available every day by October amid fears of possible further waves in the winter: 450,000 LamPORE tests will be made available to care homes and labs in England from next week, with millions more to come later in the year: The machines that process the tests come in desktop and palm versions and will be used in ‘pop-up labs’ as well as in existing facilities.

A new DNA test will also be rolled out with 5,000 Nudgebox machines given to hospitals across the UK from September: Eight London hospitals are already using the machines which analyse DNA in nose swabs to detect the virus.

#AceHealthDesk report ……………Published: Aug.03: 2020:

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(GLENDALE, Colo.) JUST IN: Health officials are working to increase vaccination rates in the state: By the end of June, 91% of Colo.kindergartners were vaccinated for measles, mumps and rubella (MMR). CDPHE: #AceHealthDesk report

#AceHealthReport – Aug.01: The Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment reached their goal this year for more than 90% of kindergartners to receive the MMR vaccine: Officials said 2,289 more children were vaccinated this year compared to last school year, a 3.7% increase:

CBS4 report CDPHE: 91% Of Colorado Kindergartners Vaccinated Against Measles, Mumps & Rubella

“Way to go, Colorado! This accomplishment represents a significant collaboration between state and local public health agencies, parents, schools, and community partners,” said Jill Hunsaker Ryan, executive director of CDPHE. “Highlighting this achievement lets us also emphasize the importance of staying up-to-date on routine childhood vaccinations during the COVID-19 pandemic.”

Colorado Kindergartners are required to receive two doses of the MMR vaccine, unless they obtain a medical or religious exemption. Officials said the increase in MMR vaccinations this year likely resulted in an increased rate for other vaccines.

Data for the 2019-2020 school year shows statewide vaccination rates among kindergartners rose significantly for polio, chickenpox, hepatitis B and diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis (DTap). Officials said their focus is to ensure the COVID-19 pandemic does not reverse the state’s progress.

Officials report a 19% decline in weekly vaccinations among children and teens from mid-March through mid-July compared to the same time last year: ” Parents and guardians may have been understandably concerned about taking their children for vaccinations during the pandemic,” said Dr. Eric France, chief medical officer, CDPHE. “But we want to assure them it’s safe to resume these visits, and it’s critical to keep kids’ vaccinations up to date. Not doing so puts our state at risk for outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases, unnecessarily complicating Colorado’s COVID-19 response.”

Families can compare vaccination and exemption rates for Colorado schools and child care facilities at covaxrates.org. Data for the 2019-2020 school year was submitted before the pandemic began.

CDPHE created the website SpreadTheVaxFacts.com to share information about vaccines from Colorado doctors who are also parents. Parents can visit COVax4Kids.org to learn if their kids are eligible for low-or no-cost vaccines. To request vaccination records for students, visit COVaxRecords.org.

#AceHealthDesk report ……………..Published: Aug.01: 2020:

(LONDON) #Coronavirus Travel Report: Government due to announced that anyone travelling to Spain will have to ‘ Quarantine ‘ for two weeks on their return its being reported by @SkyNews on Saturday an d this is the latest advice from U.K. government and will be update later #AceHealthDesk report

#AceHealthReport – July.25: The Foreign & Commonwealth Office currently advises British nationals against all but essential international travel. Travel to some countries and territories is currently exempted………This advice is being kept under constant review. Travel disruption is still possible and national control measures may be brought in with little notice, so check our travel guidance :

English holidaymakers in Spain will have to quarantine on return after surprise change of policy: Published: July.25: 2020:
http://news.sky.com/story/english-holidaymakers-in-spain-will-have-to-quarantine-on-return-after-surprise-change-of-policy-12036188

#Coronavirus Travel Report: Travellers retuning from Spain to U.K. will have to ‘ Quarantine ‘ for two weeks it was reported on Saturday official statement later here’s what we know so far: news.

From 4 July, Spain is exempt from the FCO advice against all non-essential international travel: This is based on the current assessment of COVID-19 risks: Public Health England are monitoring recent reports of substantial increases in cases of COVID-19 in the regions of Aragon and Catalonia (which include the cities of Zaragoza and Barcelona). See Coronavirus section

On arrival, travellers entering Spain from the UK will not be required to self-isolate: However, they will be subject to the following three requirements:

  • Provide the Spanish Ministry of Health with mandatory contact information and any history of exposure to COVID-19 48 hours prior to travel
  • Temperature check
  • Undergo a visual health assessment

See Entry requirements for more information before you plan to travel.

Preparing for your return journey to the UK

If you’re returning to the UK from overseas, you will need to:

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(JOHANNESBURG, S.A.) #Coronavirus Report: #COVID19 pandemic is reaching “full speed,” with over 500,000 cases the Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention chief said Thursday, while an official who said a single province is preparing 1.5 million graves but officials flatly deny that saying the province has enough land for that many #AceHealthDesk report

#AceHealthReport – July.11: Just a day after confirmed coronavirus cases across Africa surpassed the half-million milestone the total was over 522,000 and climbing, with more than 12,000 deaths: With testing levels low, the real numbers are unknown: South Africa has the most confirmed cases with over 224,000, and for the first time Gauteng province — home to Johannesburg and the capital, Pretoria — has the country’s most cases with over 75,000, or 33%……………..Provincial official Bandile Masuku, a medical doctor, startled South Africans when he told reporters Wednesday that Gauteng is preparing over 1.5 million graves. “It’s a reality that we need to deal with,” he said, and it’s the public’s responsibility “to make sure that we don’t get there.

#Coronavirus Report: #COVID19 cases rise to more than 500,000 South Africa on Thursday with officials saying they are preparing many graves flatly denied by officials:

But the province in a statement Thursday sought to calm fears, saying it “does not have over a million already open dug graves” and clarified that the official was saying the province has enough space for that many: It also said six members of Gauteng’s COVID-19 War Room have tested positive for the virus:

Modelling has shown that South Africa will have nowhere close to that many deaths in the months ahead. Several models forecast between 40,000 and 80,000 by the end of the year: Asked about the graves, Africa CDC chief John Nkengasong said “there’s absolutely no harm to think ahead” and prepare for the “worst-case scenario.”’We’ve crossed a critical number here,” he said of the half-million milestone. “Our pandemic is getting full speed.”He called for more mask-wearing, saying “this battle will be won or lost at the community level.” He also called for more testing, as just 5.7 million tests for the new virus have been conducted across the continent of 1.3 billion people.With painful memories of many people dying in Africa while waiting for accessible HIV drugs years ago, the Africa CDC on Thursday launched a consortium aimed at securing more than 10 late-stage COVID-19 vaccine clinical trials on the continent as early as possible.“We want to be sure we don’t find ourselves in the 1996 scenario where HIV drugs were available but it took almost seven years for those drugs to be accessible on the continent,” Nkengasong said.With any COVID-19 vaccine, a “delay in Africa of even one year would be catastrophic,” he said.

He said the new consortium of African institutions will engage with the GAVI vaccine alliance and other entities outside the continent amid efforts to ensure that a vaccine is distributed equitably from the start: Those efforts are challenged by the United States and others assertively making deals with vaccine makers to secure supplies in advance.The African Union last month said governments around the world should “remove all obstacles” to swift and equitable distribution of any successful COVID-19 vaccine, including by making all intellectual property and technologies immediately available.Africa in recent days has begun taking part in COVID-19 vaccine trials in the face of increasing misinformation on the continent.

Trials have begun in South Africa and Egypt, but Nkengasong said a “continent of 1.3 billion people deserves more than just two countries participating.”A vaccine “is the only weapon to allow our lives to return to normal,” he said.Conducting clinical trials in Africa is crucial to see how a vaccine performs in a local context — “extremely important,” the World Health Organization’s Africa chief, Matshidiso Moeti, told reporters Thursday.

Many life-saving vaccines have lagged between five and 20 years from the time they become available in high-income countries to when they’re available in low-income ones: That’s in part because local data is lacking, said Shabir Madhi, principal investigator of the Oxford COVID-19 vaccine trial in South Africa.Africa has some 17% of cases

#AceNewsDesk reports, [Jul 9, 2020 at 21:31] https://t.me/acenewsgroup/1022992

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(TEXAS) #Coronavirus Social Distancing Report: Texas Medical Association Report: Ranks activities of people that poses a much higher risk of contracting #COVID19 than opening the mail or getting takeout, according to a list of 1-10 ranked doctors #AceHealthDesk report

#AceHealthReport – July.08: The Texas Medical Association, which is made up of 53,000 physicians and medical students across the state, released the list that ranks how risky an activity is regarding #COVID19 on a scale of one to 10:

Daily Mail: Click here to read more: Churches Are a Major Source of Coronavirus Cases

According to the list, going to a bar, attending a religious service with 500 plus people or going to a large music concert or sports event are the most high risk activities for exposure to #coronavirus

Visiting a movie theater, amusement park, a gym or eating at a buffet follow closely behind.

Hugging or shaking hands with a friend falls into the moderate-high risk category.

Also in that category is traveling on a plane, going to a wedding or funeral, visiting a hair salon or barber and eating inside a restaurant.

At the other end of the scale, opening the mail, getting takeout and pumping gas are considered low risk.

Grocery shopping, sitting in a doctor’s waiting room, eating at an outdoor restaurant and spending an hour at a playground would be a low-moderate risk, according to the list.

The medical professionals who compiled the list ranked each activity based on the ability to social distance.

#AceHealthDesk report ………………Published: July.08: 2020:

(BEIJING, China.) JUST IN: A herdsman in the Chinese region of Inner Mongolia was confirmed to be infected with bubonic plague, health officials said, a reminder of how even as the world battles a pandemic caused by a novel virus, old threats remain #AceHealthDesk report

#AceHealthReport – July.07: The Bayannur city health commission said the plague was diagnosed in the herdsman on Sunday, and he was in stable condition undergoing treatment at a hospital: The commission also issued a third-level alert, the second lowest in a four-level system, warning people against hunting, eating or transporting potentially infected animals, particularly marmots, and to report any dead or diseased rodents: The city government said it had put in place plague-prevention measures that would remain in force for the rest of the year:

Bubonic Plague Found in a Herder in Inner Mongolia, China Says

The disease, which caused the Black Death in the Middle Ages, is caused by the Yersinia pestis bacterium and is transmitted by fleas that become infected by rodents. In Inner Mongolia, the host is often marmots that live in rural areas: In November, Beijing officials said two people from Inner Mongolia were found to have pneumonic plague, another form of plague caused by the same bacterium. Pneumonic plague is the only form that can be transmitted person to person, through respiratory droplets.

If not treated, pneumonic plague is invariably fatal, while bubonic plague is fatal in about 30 percent to 60 percent of untreated cases, the World Health Organization says. Antibiotics can cure the disease if delivered early: The neighboring country of Mongolia also announced on Monday that it had lifted restrictions in Khovd Province after two cases of bubonic plague linked to the consumption of marmot meat were reported a week ago. Health officials said the patients’ conditions had improved, the Ikon.mn news site reported.

Plague cases are found in limited numbers across much of the world. In the United States, about seven cases, usually the bubonic form, are reported on average each year, most often in rural areas of western states, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says.

Source: NY Times

#AceHealthDesk report ……………Published: July.07: 2020:

(CAIRO, Egypt.) #Coronavirus FreeSpeech Report: Its not just journalists that have to fear el-Sisi rule in the country but EFF has been monitoring latest developments and since the #pandemic bloggers and activists trying to get the #truth have been harassed, detained, arrested and jailed without trial as Supreme Council for Media Regulation has banned the publishing of any data that contradicts the Ministry of Health’s official data #AceHealthDesk report

#AceHealthReport – July.04: For years, EFF has been monitoring a dangerous situation in Egypt: journalists, bloggers, and activists have been harassed, detained, arrested, and jailed, sometimes without trial, in increasing numbers by the Sisi regime: Since the #COVID19 pandemic began, these incidents have skyrocketed, affecting free expression both online and offline: 

Egypt has confirmed 1,566 new coronavirus cases and 83 new deaths today, raising the country’s total to 66,754 with 2,872 confirmed deaths: DataTrackers Covid19 Coronavirus Updates, [Jun 30, 2020 at 06:09] https://t.me/datatrackers/19457: 

Despite the WHO’S dire warning of the Middle East’s “critical threshold”, Egypt has restarted international flights and reopened major tourist attractions including the Great Pyramids of Giza after more than three months of closure due to the coronavirus pandemic Reuters reports: 
The country closed its airports to scheduled international flights and shut famous historical sites in mid-March as the government looked to curb the spread of the virus 12.41am BST: The Middle East has recorded a million cases of Covid-19, and is at a “critical threshold”, the World Health Organisation has warned: https://clck.ru/PPQUT 

#Coronavirus Report: Egypt’s    Crackdown on ‘ Free Expression Will Cost Lives ‘ during the #pandemic and revealing the #Truth including number of cases, deaths or situation is banned: 

As we’ve said before, this crisis means it is more important than ever for individuals to be able to speak out and share information with one another online: Free expression and access to information are particularly critical under authoritarian rulers and governments that dismiss or distort scientific data: But at a time when true information about the pandemic may save lives, instead, the Egyptian government has expelled journalists from the country for their reporting on the pandemic, and arrested otherson spurious charges for seeking information about prison conditions. Shortly after the coronavirus crisis began, a reporter for The Guardian was deported, while a reporter for the The New York Times was issued a warning.. Just last week the editor of Al Manassa, Nora Younis, was arrested on cybercrime charges (and later released). And the Committee to Protect Journalists reported today that at least four journalists arrested during the pandemic remain imprisoned. 

Social media is also being monitored more closely than ever, with disastrous results: the Supreme Council for Media Regulation has banned the publishing of any data that contradicts the Ministry of Health’s official data. It has sent warning letters to news websites and social networks’ accounts it claims are sharing false news, and has arrested individuals for posting about the virus. Claiming national security interests, the far-reaching ban, which also limits the use of pseudonyms by journalists and criminalizes discussion of other “sensitive” topics, such as Libya, is being seen (rightfully) as censorship across the country. At a moment when obtaining true information is extremely important, the fact that Egypt’s government is increasing its attack on free expression is especially dangerous.

The government’s attacks on expression aren’t only damaging free speech online: rather than limiting the number of individuals in prison who are potentially exposed to the virus, Egyptian police have made matters worse, by harassing, beating, and even arresting protestors who are demanding the release of prisoners in dangerously overcrowded cells or simply ask for information on their arrested loved ones. Just last week, the family of Alaa Abd El Fattah, a leading Egyptian coder, blogger and activist who we’ve profiled in our Offline campaignwas attacked by police while protesting in front of Tora Prison. The next day, Alaa’s sister, Sanaa Seif, was forced into an unmarked car in front of the Prosecutor-General’s office as she arrived to submit a complaint regarding the assault and Alaa’s detention. She is now being held in pre-trial detention on charges of “broadcast[ing] fake news and rumors about the country’s deteriorating health conditions and the spread of the coronavirus in prisons” on Facebook, among others—according to police, for a fifteen day period, though there is no way to know for sure that it will end then. 

All of these actions put the health and safety of the Egyptian population at risk: We join the international coalition of human rights and civil liberties organizations demanding both Alaa and Sanaa be released, and asking Egypt’s government to immediately halt its assault on free speech and free expression. We must lift up the voices of those who are being silenced to ensure the safety of everyone throughout the country. 

#AceHealthDesk report …………..Published: July.04:2020: 

(NEW YORK CITY) #Coronavirus Lockdown Report: Gov.Cuomo and De Blasio say Phase 3 set to start on Monday, July 6. De Blasio said the rest of the phase will move forward, but indoor dining may be paused or modified due to spike in number of cases details to be given on Wednesday according to @CBSNewYork #AceHealthDesk report

#AceHealthReport – July.01: You may have to wait a little longer before you can dine indoors at a restaurant in New York City: Gov. Andrew Cuomo and Mayor Bill de Blasio said they spoke about the spike in cases across the country, and indoor dining was a main area of concern: ” We are now going to reexamine the indoor dining rules for Phase 3,” the mayor said Monday: Phase 3 is set to start on Monday, July 6. De Blasio said the rest of the phase will move forward, but indoor dining may be paused or modified: ” The most important thing is to keep us healthy and safe and not allow a resurgence,” he said:

WATCH: Mayor Bill de Blasio Gives Daily Briefing [anvplayer video=”4607418″ station=”CBS New York”] …..WATCH: Gov. Andrew Cuomo Gives Daily Briefing [anvplayer video=”4607565″ station=”CBS New York”] New York City May Delay Indoor Dining In Phase 3 After Spike In Cases Across Country

Cuomo said the conditions in the city are complicated, because of a lack of compliance and enforcement and because of the volume of travellers: ” There’s a lack of compliance with social distancing. You can see it in pictures, you can see it if you walk down the street. You can see the crowds in front of bars, you can see the crowds on street corners,” he said. “It is undeniable.”

He said he will have a final decision about indoor dining by Wednesday: ” Indoor dining has shown that it has been problematic, that a virus spreads in closed indoor areas that have air condition systems,” he said. “The state’s going to be reviewing the data and consulting with stakeholders in New York City. I’ve started speaking with restaurant owners, business owners about the risk-reward on indoor dining.”

Both the governor and mayor said outdoor dining has been overwhelmingly successful: ” I wouldn’t go to indoor dining. I’m comfortable with outdoor dining, I’m fine with that. I just don’t feel the need to be inside a restaurant right now,” one woman said……….” I think maybe one week more,” a man added.

#AceHealthDesk report …………….Published: June.29: 2020:

(USA) #Coronavirus Report: Infecting more people in their 20s and 30s in the South with spikes in Florida, South Carolina, Georgia, Texas and Mississippi according to health officials who say there has been a ‘radical shift’ as cases continue to rise with over 4,000 recorded on Saturday #AceHealthDesk report

#AceHealthReport – June.22: Authorities across the Southern United States are warning of worrying signs of young people becoming more susceptible to coronavirus, amid suggestions that lax social distancing and the reopening of bars is to blame: Health officials and lawmakers in Florida, South Carolina, Georgia, Texas and Mississippi are all reporting spikes in the number of people in their 20s and 30s getting infected: From the beginning of the pandemic up through May 30, the median age of positive coronavirus cases was 48, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said: In several Southern states that average age is dropping: Older people are still more likely to suffer severe effects of the virus, but the trend of young people getting infected is deeply troubling:

Source: Daily Mail: Coronavirus is infecting more people in their 20s and 30s in the South: Health officials say there has been a ‘radical shift’ as cases continue to …

In Florida, which pushed hard to reopen quickly, Governor Ron DeSantis said Friday that the median age was 37 for newly diagnosed coronavirus cases over the last week: In the state, 62 per cent of new cases for the week of June 7 are under 45 years old, he said: That is a big change from where we were at the end of March and the beginning of April,’ he said……………’ It was skewing much older at that time.’……………

A day later he was even more emphatic, saying the state was seeing case loads ‘shifting in a radical direction’ toward populations in their 20s and 30s: We’re also seeing that not only are they testing positive because they’re testing more, they’re also testing positive at a higher rate increasingly over the last week,’ he said, adding there’s evidence of transmission between those younger groups: St Petersburg Mayor Rick Kriseman scolded millennials for their role in spreading the virus, saying, ‘It is time that your generation started taking this more seriously.’

Ken Welch, a county commissioner in Pinellas County, Florida, said they were working on ways to get the message across to a younger audience: One idea is to reach out to local sports figures like the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, the Lightning, the Rays, and have them talk about why it’s important to wear a mask and why it’s cool,’ he said……………….” I’d love to see Tom Brady in a mask.’

On Saturday, Florida reported 4,049 new cases – the most reported in a single day: Andrew Cuomo, the governor of New York, has mused about stopping flights from Florida to his state.

#AceHealthDesk report …………….Published: June.22: 2020:

(NEW YORK) #Coronavirus Test & Trace Report: NYC’s Contact Tracers Speak To Nearly 2,300 People Who May Have Been Exposed To #COVID19 Since Start of June #AceHealthDesk report

#AceHealthReport – June.19: Following those conversations, they talked to 81% of the patients’ contacts – or 2,299 people, who may have been exposed: Tracers were able to identify 331 active cases and help 1,057 people who needed access to medicine, food and other services. They also helped 40 people find hotel rooms to quarantine:

WATCH: Mayor Bill De Blasio’s Daily COVID-19 Briefing [anvplayer video=”4591951″ station=”CBS New York”] NYC’s Contact Tracers Speak To Nearly 2,300 People Who May Have Been Exposed To COVID-19 Dr. Ted Long shares update on New York City’s test and trace corps on June 16, 2020. (CBSN New York)

Dr. Ted Long, who heads the program, said tracers will search databases and call doctors’ offices to find more phone numbers: He also said “community engagement specialists” are being trained to track people down in person……” One of the key reasons why our program has been so successful so early on, is that more than half of all of our tracers – all of our 3,000 working tracers – are people from our hardest hit communities across New York City, making this a local effort with New Yorkers in our communities serving our communities,” he said……………….Long also said the program is offering community-based organizations a total of $4 million to join the effort.

Mayor Bill de Blasio shared the city’s latest coronavirus indicators Tuesday, saying there were 52 new hospitalizations, 334 patients still in the ICU and 2% of people testing positive citywide: Tracers were able to identify 331 active cases and help 1,057 people who needed access to medicine, food and other services:

#AceHealthDesk report …………..Published: June.19: 2020:

(WORLDWIDE) #Coronavirus Report: China raised its emergency warning to its second-highest level and cancelled more than 60% of the flights to the country on Wednesday amid a new outbreak in the capital: It was a sharp pullback for the nation that declared victory over #COVID19 in March and a message to the rest of the world about how tenacious the virus really is as they life lockdown but other countries show spikes in cases as lockdowns are lifted #AceHealthDesk report

#AceHealthReport – June.18: New infections spiked in India, Iran and U.S. states including Florida, Texas and Arizona as authorities struggled to balance restarting economic activity without accelerating the pandemic: European nations, which embarked on a wide-scale reopening this week, looked on with trepidation as the Americas struggled to contain the first wave of the pandemic and Asian nations like China and South Korea reported new outbreaks:

Follow AP pandemic coverage at http://apnews.com/VirusOutbreak and https://apnews.com/UnderstandingtheOutbreak – Source: Associated Press: New China coronavirus plague outbreak raises fears for rest of world

Chinese officials described the situation in Beijing as “extremely grave.”

“This has truly rung an alarm bell for us,” Party Secretary Cai Qi told a meeting of Beijing’s Communist Party Standing Committee: After a push that began June 14, the city expects to have tested 700,000 people by the end of the day, said Zhang Qiang, a Beijing party official. About half of them were workers from the city’s food markets, nearby residents and close contacts.…………………The party’s Global Times said 1,255 flights to and from the capital’s two major airports were scrapped by Wednesday morning, about two-thirds of those scheduled: Since the virus emerged in China late last year and spread worldwide, there have been more than 8.1 million confirmed cases and at least 443,000 deaths, according to a tally kept by Johns Hopkins University. Experts say the true toll is much higher, due to the many who died without being tested and other factors.

The U.S. has the most infections and deaths in the world, with a toll that neared 117,000 on Wednesday, surpassing the number of Americans who died in World War I.………………….Arizona reported a daily high of nearly 2,400 new infections for a total of more than 39,000, while in Texas, Gov. Greg Abbott insisted the state’s health care system could handle the fast-rising number of new cases and hospitalizations.

Tuesday marked the eighth time in nine days that Texas set a new high for COVID-19 hospitalizations at 2,518. State health officials reported 2,622 new cases.

“It does raise concerns, but there is no reason right now to be alarmed,” Abbott said.

Texas began aggressively reopening its economy May 1. Abbott noted that Texans may have become lax in wearing masks or practicing social distancing and urged people to stay home as much as possible.

Canada and the U.S. extended to July 21 a deal to keep their border closed to nonessential travel, with many Canadians fearing cases arriving from the U.S: As the U.S. struggles with the first wave of the virus, other countries where it was widely thought to be under control faced disturbing developments.

In South Korea, authorities reported 43 new cases amid increased public activity. Authorities said 25 of them came from around Seoul, where hundreds of infections have been linked to nightclubs, church gatherings, e-commerce workers and door-to-door salespeople. Twelve of the new cases came from international arrivals:

Not long after declaring itself virus-free, New Zealand saw a reemergence of the virus. Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern assigned a top military leader to oversee the border quarantines after what she described as an “unacceptable failure” by health officials: Two New Zealand citizens who had returned from London to see a dying relative were allowed to leave quarantine before being tested. After the women tested positive, New Zealand began tracing their potential contacts to ensure the virus is contained………………Their cases raised the specter that international air travel could ignite a new surge of the virus just as countries seek to boost devastated tourism industries.

China also limited other travel around the capital, keying in on hot spots. Beijing had essentially eradicated local transmissions until recent days, with 137 new cases since last week: On Wednesday, the city of 20 million raised its threat level from 3 to 2, canceling classes, suspending reopenings and strengthening requirements for social distancing. China had relaxed many lockdown controls after the Communist Party declared victory over the virus in March.

India, with the fourth-highest caseload after the U.S., Brazil and Russia, added more than 2,000 deaths to its tally after Delhi and Maharashtra states included 1,672 previously unreported fatalities: Its death toll of 11,903 is now eighth-highest in the world. India has reported 10,000 new infections and more than 300 deaths each day for the last two weeks.

Iran’s latest outbreak comes after a major Muslim holiday last month and as travel and lockdown restrictions were relaxed: Health Minister Saeed Namaki said he realized the extent of the challenge when he took a domestic flight: ” Many people have become careless, frustrated with wearing masks,” he said. “They did not observe (social) distancing in the flight’s seating and the airliner’s ventilation system was not working.”

In Europe, which has seen over 184,000 virus-related deaths, Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez announced the country will hold a ceremony July 16 to honor its more than 27,000 dead:

German officials said over 400 people at a large meatpacking plant had tested positive for COVID-19, prompting authorities to order the closure of all schools and childcare centers in the western region of Guetersloh: The industry has seen several outbreaks in recent weeks, prompting the government to impose stricter safety rules.

Denmark’s health minister urged anyone who joined a large racial injustice protest on June 7 to be tested “whether you have symptoms or not” after one person in the crowd was found to be infected: ” As long as we have the virus in Europe and in Denmark, it will flare up. We are dealing with a very, very contagious disease,” said Health Minister Magnus Heunicke.

#AceHealthDesk report ……………….Published: June.18: 2020: Rising reported from Berlin and McGuirk reported from Canberra, Australia. Associated Press reporters around the world contributed:

(WASHINGTON) #Coronavirus IHME Report: White House Model Projected more than 200,000 of American Deaths by October of #COVID19 that had risen to more than 116,000 on Tuesday and that is now predicted to have increased by 30,000 in just one week and the evaluation highlights the increase was due to relaxation of ‘ social distancing ‘ that has led to increase #AceHealthDesk reports

#AceHealthReport – June.18: As of Tuesday, more than 116,000 people in the U.S. have died of the coronavirus, and the death toll is still growing by hundreds per day. Infection rates and hospitalisations are rising in numerous states as businesses open up and people drop precautions: According to the latest model from the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington, a research institute once utilised by the White House for coronavirus projections, another 85,000 or so deaths are now projected by October.01:

SOURCE: CBS News, Audrey McNamara: Read More Here: Coronavirus Model Predicts Over 200,000 American Deaths by October

This chart from the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation shows the projection for total U.S. deaths from COVID-19 through October 1, 2020.
INSTITUTE FOR HEALTH METRICS AND EVALUATION:

IHME’s interactive projections show that by October 1, deaths from the coronavirus in the United States could reach anywhere from 171,000 to 270,000, with a likely figure in between of about 201,129: Daily deaths from the coronavirus are expected to begin rising again in September, after they started to plateau nationwide this month for the first time.

According to the IHME, “rising mobility and premature relaxation of social distancing in some states are the main reasons” for the projected increase:

IHME Director Dr. Christopher Murray explained the reasons behind the upward trend at a June 11 press briefing, before the institute raised its projections again this week: ” Starting in the third week of August in our forecast at the national level, we see the daily death rate… going up again, after having been declining since mid-April at the national level,” he said. “That increase in daily deaths really starts to gather momentum from mid-September onwards.”

#AceHealthDesk report ………………..Published: June.18: 2020:

(USA) #Coronavirus CDC Report: People of colour account for 64-percent of cases with African-Americans and Latinos vastly overrepresented when it comes to infections, according to an analysis released on Monday morning #AceHealthDesk report

#AceHealthReport – June.17: The findings provide additional confirmation that, as the CDC’s own report says, black and brown communities have been “disproportionately affected” by the pandemic. African-Americans account for only 13.4 percent of the U.S. population, according to the Census Bureau, but the CDC says they accounted for 22 percent of coronavirus infections studied in the new analysis. (A little more than half of all coronavirus cases in the U.S. do not include racial data, making a complete picture of the pandemic’s racial outcomes effectively impossible.)

SOURCE: Yahoo News, Alexander Nazaryan: People of Color Account for 64 Percent of Coronavirus Cases in the U.S.

Latinos represent 18.3 percent of the population, according to the last census of the American population, conducted a decade ago: But the CDC found that they suffered 33 percent of the coronavirus infections in the cohort covered by the study.

Native Americans account for 1.3 percent of infections across the nation, which is just slightly more than their share of the general population (1.2 percent) The coronavirus has affected the Navajo Nation, a reservation across three Southwestern states, with exceptional force.

White Americans accounted for 36 percent of coronavirus infections, while they make up 76.5 percent of the nation’s population: Asian-Americans, people of Hawaiian-Pacific Islander background and people who identified as biracial or multiracial represented much smaller shares of the infected population.

The new data, the first from the federal government to fully describe the pandemic’s racial impact, comes amid continuing protests against police killings of black men: Those protests have highlighted broader inequalities in American society, including those pertaining to how widely different communities can access proper health care.

Though health researchers and journalistic outlets have tried to address the lack of data, the CDC’s case surveillance study appears to be the most complete effort to address that shortfall: The report also discusses comorbidities that exacerbate the effect of the coronavirus, such as lung disease and diabetes. It also analyzes coronavirus infections by gender and age.

#AceHealthDesk report …………………Published: June.17: 2020:

(LONDON) #Coronavirus Quarantine Report: Three airlines BA, EasyJet & Ryanair who furloughed some and sacked other workers taking ‘ taxpayers money ‘ now want to sue the government over trying to save peoples lives due to 14-day quarantine rules and not bailing out billionaire owners #AceHealthDesk report

#AceHealthReport – June.12: Three major airlines have launched legal action against the British government, describing the country’s plan to quarantine most incoming travelers as “flawed.’’British Airways, easyJet and Ryanair said in a statement Friday that the quarantine will have a “devastating effect,’’ on tourism and the wider economy: The airlines want the government to re-adopt its previous policy, where quarantine is limited to passengers from “high risk” countries.Quarantine measures imposed this week stipulate that all passengers — bar a handful of exceptions like truckers or medical workers — must fill in a form detailing where they will self-isolate for two weeks………….The requirement applies regardless of whether they are U.K. citizens or not, and those who fail to comply could be fined:

The quarantine was imposed after a heated debate on whether it would help British efforts to tamp down the U.K. outbreak or simply stamp out any hopes that the British tourism industry will recover following months of lockdown: Though industry advocates have suggested that Britain should create “air bridges’’ with countries that have low transmission rates, the government has hesitated………………….The airlines argue there has been no detail on how such proposals would be implemented.“(The airlines) want the government to re-adopt its previous quarantine policy introduced on March 10, where quarantine is limited to passengers from ‘high risk’ countries,’’ they said in a statement. “This would be the most practical and effective solution and enables civil servants to focus on other, more significant, issues arising from the pandemic while bringing the U.K. in line with much of Europe which is opening its borders mid-June.’’Airlines around the world are being slammed by the near total freeze in travel as countries seek to contain the outbreak.

Carriers are forecast to lose $84 billion globally this year, which would be the industry’s worst ever by far: Some have filed for bankruptcy or sought bailouts to survive the near-shutdown in their activity, and many are cutting thousands of jobs. The sector will likely take years to recover.British Airways, easyJet and Ryanair argue that the U.K. quarantine rules are more stringent than guidelines applied to people who actually have COVID-19, who do not have to report to authorities on their location.

Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s Conservative government has been widely criticized for its slow response to fighting the outbreak: Many in his government, including Johnson himself, came down with coronavirus.Britain did not close its borders or impose testing and tracing measures for most travelers during the worst of the coronavirus outbreak.

The government had insisted until May that putting restrictions at the border wouldn’t have a significant impact on the spread of the virus in the U.K: Aviation has suffered huge losses following the near-halt in air travel as a result of pandemic restrictions: Hopes to rescue some part of the summer season depend on the relaxation of some rules.

#AceHealthDesk report ……………..Published: June.12: 2020:

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(LONDON) #Coronavirus Report: Could Be Up To Four Times LESS Deadly Than Feared’ — The Gateway Pundit #AceNewsDesk report

#AceHealthReport – June.12: COVID-19 might just be four times less deadly than once projected, especially by the now discredited Imperial College Loneon models, a new estimate says: ” A review of antibody surveillance studies — which paint a much clearer picture of how many people have really been infected — suggests the coronavirus has a mortality rate of 0.25 per cent, meaning it kills one in every 400 people who get it,” The Daily Mail reports:

Coronavirus ‘Could Be Up To Four Times LESS Deadly Than Feared’ — The Gateway Pundit

Most coronavirus modelling, including the grim Imperial College London projection that warned 500,000 Brits could die without action and convinced ministers to impose a lockdown, are based on a death rate of around 1 percent: For comparison, seasonal flu is estimated to kill around 0.1 per cent of patients……..The new estimate was based on figures from 23 different testing surveys carried out worldwide, which suggested the actual mortality rate ranged from as low as 0.02 to as high as 0.78 percent.

The Imperial College London model from March showed that as many as 2.2 million Americans could die from COVID-19. But the model was off — way off. And now experts say it was “totally unreliable.” One computer data modeling expert said the Imperial model coding, done by professor Neil Ferguson, is a “buggy mess that looks more like a bowl of angel hair pasta than a finely tuned piece of programming,” The Daily Telegraph reported……….” In our commercial reality, we would fire anyone for developing code like this and any business that relied on it to produce software for sale would likely go bust,” David Richards, co-founder of British data technology company WANdisco, told the Telegraph.

The model has been a key part of recommendations from the White House Coronavirus Task Force and the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). Ferguson was also a scientific adviser to the British government, and he warned in mid-March that 500,000 people could die from the pandemic: U.K. Prime Minister Boris Johnson responded to the report by imposing a national lockdown.

Scientists from the University of Edinburgh say that the findings in Ferguson’s model were impossible to reproduce using the same data: The team got different results when they used different machines, and even different results from the same machines. ” There appears to be a bug in either the creation or re-use of the network file. If we attempt two completely identical runs, only varying in that the second should use the network file produced by the first, the results are quite different,” the Edinburgh researchers wrote.

#AceHealthDesk report ……………..Published: June.12: 2020:

(U.K.) #Coronavirus Care Homes Report: Residents in homes are being asked to pay over£100.00 extra in weekly fees after having thousands per week for years and then when this #pandemic hits they wont pay for PPE for their workers instead they want the taxpayers to pick up the bill ….disgraceful #AceHealthDesk report

#AceHealthReport – June.08: Editor says this truly depends on individual homes and their management as such and my personal research as a carer provides a very different picture from here in West Midlands to North West as in ……One home has PPE and cares for its workers and another does not and these are Private homes and received huge fees in many cases and will not now payout and these are my findings and discussions with two care workers:
As regards other comments I have dealt with Age U.K. who both collect donations from the public purse as a corporation and also the public more widely and also charge up to £20.00 per hour for any care in the community such as shopping or even repairs to their home. This needs to be over hauled and an umbrella provided from the NHS to cover all aspects of social care in homes and also in the community and the sooner the better:

#Coronavirus Report: Residents of For-Profit Care Homes Foot £100 Extra in Weekly Fees to Cover Rising #Coronavirus Costs:

This is the report ………….Residents of some care homes in Britain are being asked to pay over £100 extra in weekly fees in order to cover rising costs of the #coronavirus #pandemic: According to Age UK, a leading charity for elderly people, residents who have been fronting their own fees have seen costs increase to pay for personal protective equipment (PPE) as well as rising staff costs:

One of the charity directors, Caroline Abrahams, said on Saturday that older people and their families have “been through the mill” during the pandemic as 1 in 3 care homes in the UK have seen coronavirus outbreaks:

“It is adding insult to injury that after going through so much, some residents who pay for their own care are now facing a big extra bill – on top of already expensive fees,” she said.

Abrahams called on the government to take action and cover the additional costs, warning that some homes are at a cliff-edge and risk having to close, leaving residents homeless: The government has so far given £600 million worth of funds to infection control in care homes, with an additional £3.2 billion for other council services.

Cos it’s the weekend it isn’t up on our website yet but will be Monday I expect. Meanwhile here’s an excerpt pic.twitter.com/NbttRQYXE9

— Caroline Abrahams (@Car_Abrahams) June 6, 2020

Those who self-fund their stay have had to pay extra costs than those being supported by local authorities, providing an effective subsidy to the system for years: According to Age UK, these residents pay around £850 a week on average. These already high costs have now surged by 15% as a result of spending introduced to combat the pandemic: Residential homes aren’t just facing rising costs due to the recruitment of extra agency staff when regular staff are off, but the increased spending on PPE and sanitising equipment.

The total number of homes experiencing rising costs of self-funding residents is currently not known: Of the 400,000 residents in England living in care homes, around 167,000 are self-funding, with an extra 45,000 partly-funding their stay.

A Private Problem?

Care homes in the United Kingdom have been at the forefront of the coronavirus pandemic: As of May, more than 20,000 residents have died as a result of the pandemic, according to the UK Office for National Statistics (ONS), while the national death tolls stand at 40,261 from Saturday.

Care homes in the United Kingdom do not fall under the country’s National Health Service (NHS) as a public provision but are instead owned privately:

In April, Age UK said that there was a “degree of hesitation” over who bears responsibility for the crisis due to their private status. Caroline Abrahams explained that while care homes fall outside of the NHS, they are not “part of the community” either………….Age UK has clarified that it does not blame individual care homes for the funding crisis, however.

A report released in May by think-tank Common Weal outlined that privatisation of care facilities in Scotland – where more than half of Covid-19 deaths have been counted, has “minimised” the necessary medical services and led to a decline in capacity:

Director Robin McAlpine said the report “makes painful reading”.

“But the problem is more fundamental. Scotland’s care sector is almost all privatised and is run largely like a property speculation industry, which has minimised the more expensive medical services it provides”.

In a survey by Community Care in April 2011, two-thirds of adult social care workers said that the quality of adult care has declined since the widespread outsourcing since the 1990s to private providers:

#AceHealthDesk report ………….Published: June.08: 2020:

Editor says #AceNewsDesk reports are provided at https://t.me/acenewsdaily and all our posts, links can be found at here Live Feeds https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/ and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com

(LONDON) #Coronavirus Latest Report: 9am on 1 June, there have been 4,484,340 tests, with 128,437 tests on 31 May: 276,332 people have tested positive: As of 5pm on 31 May, of those tested positive in the UK, 39,045 have died including all deaths in all settings not just in hospitals @DHSCgovuk June.02: @ONS reports lowest levels in England and Wales since March, figures show #AceHealthDesk reports

#AceHealthReport – June.02: Editor says as of June.01: these are the number of tests carried out and those that were tested positive and sadly the number of deaths up to and including 17:00hrs on 31:May: God Bless Friends, Followers & Readers 🙏’s 

#Coronavirus Report: Number of #COVID19 cases and risk in the UK: As of June.01:

The number of people dying each week linked to #coronavirus has dropped to its lowest levels in England and Wales since March, figures show: The Office for National Statistics review of death certificates showed 2,589 cases where the virus was mentioned in the week ending 22 May: Overall there were nearly 12,300 deaths in that week – 2,300 more than normal at this time of the year: At the peak of the #pandemic double the number were dying than expected.

Overall, there have been 286,700 deaths this year – 51,400 above what would be expected: Some 43,800 have been attributed to coronavirus.

Nick Stripe, of the ONS, said despite the number of overall deaths falling, we were effectively seeing the same number of deaths we would expect in winter: He also said there were considerable regional variations with the north east currently seeing the highest rates of excess deaths.

#AceHealthDesk report …………..Published: June.02: 2020: 

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(WORLDWIDE) FEATURED: #Coronavirus EFF Report: Governments Shouldn’t Use “Centralized” Proximity Tracking Technology As This Can Lead To Privacy & Exposure Of Data To Third Parties & Decentralised Apps Should Be Considered Looking Towards The Future Use Of Health Care Data #AceHealthDesk report

#AceHealthReport – May.17: Companies and governments across the world are building and deploying a dizzying number of systems and apps to fight #COVID19 Many groups have converged on using Bluetooth-assisted proximity tracking for the purpose of exposure notification. Even so, there are many ways to approach the problem, and dozens of proposals have emerged:

 #Coronavirus Report: Centralised OR Decentralised Apps Used To Track & Trace Vary According To How Data Is Shared To Third-Parties Now & In The Future EFF.Org/

One way to categorize them is based on how much trust each proposal places in a central authority. In more “centralized” models, a single entity—like a health organization, a government, or a company—is given special responsibility for handling and distributing user information. This entity has privileged access to information that regular users and their devices do not. In “decentralized” models, on the other hand, the system doesn’t depend on a central authority with special access. A decentralized app may share data with a server, but that data is made available for everyone to see—not just whoever runs the server. 

Both centralized and decentralised models can claim to make a slew of privacy guarantees: But centralized models all rest on a dangerous assumption: that a “trusted” authority will have access to vast amounts of sensitive data and choose not to misuse it. As we’ve seen, time and again, that kind of trust doesn’t often survive a collision with reality. Carefully constructed decentralized models are much less likely to harm civil liberties. This post will go into more detail about the distinctions between these two kinds of proposals, and weigh the benefits and pitfalls of each.

Centralized Models

There are many different proximity tracking proposals that can be considered “centralized,” but generally, it means a single “trusted” authority knows things that regular users don’t. Centralized proximity tracking proposals are favored by many governments and public health authorities. A central server usually stores private information on behalf of users, and makes decisions about who may have been exposed to infection. The central server can usually learn which devices have been in contact with the devices of infected people, and may be able to tie those devices to real-world identities. 

For example, a European group called PEPP-PT has released a proposal called NTK. In NTK, a central server generates a private key for each device, but keeps the keys to itself. This private key is used to generate a set of ephemeral IDs for each user. Users get their ephemeral IDs from the server, then exchange them with other users. When someone tests positive for COVID-19, they upload the set of ephemeral IDs from other people they’ve been in contact with (plus a good deal of metadata). The authority links those IDs to the private keys of other people in its database, then decides whether to reach out to those users directly. The system is engineered to prevent users from linking ephemeral IDs to particular people, while allowing the central server to do exactly that.

Some proposals, like Inria’s ROBERT, go to a lot of trouble to be pseudonymous—that is, to keep users’ real identities out of the central database. This is laudable, but not sufficient, since pseudonymous IDs can often be tied back to real people with a little bit of effort. Many other centralized proposals, including NTK, don’t bother. Singapore’s TraceTogether and Australia’s COVIDSafe apps even require users to share their phone numbers with the government so that health authorities can call or text them directly. Centralized solutions may collect more than just contact data, too: some proposals have users upload the time and location of their contacts as well.

Decentralized Models

In a “decentralized” proximity tracking system, the role of a central authority is minimized. Again, there are a lot of different proposals under the “decentralized” umbrella. In general, decentralized models don’t trust any central actor with information that the rest of the world can’t also see. There are still privacy risks in decentralized systems, but in a well-designed proposal, those risks are greatly reduced.

EFF recommends the following characteristics in decentralized proximity tracking efforts:

The goal should be exposure notification. That is, an automated alert to the user that they may have been infected by proximity to a person with the virus, accompanied by advice to that user about how to obtain health services. The goal should not be automated delivery to the government or anyone else of information about the health or person-to-person contacts of individual people.

A user’s ephemeral IDs should be generated and stored on their own device. The ephemeral IDs can be shared with devices the user comes into contact with, but nobody should have a database mapping sets of IDs to particular people. 

When a user learns they are infected, as confirmed by a physician or health authority, it should be the user’s absolute prerogative to decide whether or not to provide any information to the system’s shared server. 

When a user reports ill, the system should transmit from the user’s device to the system’s shared server the minimum amount of data necessary for other users to learn their exposure risk. For example, they may share either the set of ephemeral IDs they broadcast, or the set of IDs they came into contact with, but not both.

No single entity should know the identities of the people who have been potentially exposed by proximity to an infected person. This means that the shared server should not be able to “push” warnings to at-risk users; rather, users’ apps must “pull” data from the central server without revealing their own status, and use it to determine whether to notify their user of risk. For example, in a system where ill users report their own ephemeral IDs to a shared server, other users’ apps should regularly pull from the shared server a complete set of the ephemeral IDs of ill users, and then compare that set to the ephemeral IDs already stored on the app because of proximity to other users.  

Ephemeral IDs should not be linkable to real people or to each other. Anyone who gathers lots of ephemeral IDs should not be able to tell whether they come from the same person.

Decentralized models don’t have to be completely decentralized. For example, public data about which ephemeral IDs correspond to devices that have reported ill may be hosted in a central database, as long as that database is accessible to everyone. No blockchains need to be involved. Furthermore, most models require users to get authorization from a physician or health authority before reporting that they have COVID-19. This kind of “centralization” is necessary to prevent trolls from flooding the system with fake positive reports.

Apple and Google’s exposure notification API is an example of a (mostly) decentralized system. Keys are generated on individual devices, and nearby phones exchange ephemeral IDs. When a user tests positive, they can upload their private keys—now called “diagnosis keys”—to a publicly accessible database. It doesn’t matter if the database is hosted by a health authority or on a peer-to-peer network; as long as everyone can access it, the contact tracing system functions effectively.

What Are the Trade-Offs?

There are benefits and risks associated with both models. However, for the most part, centralized models benefit governments, and the risks fall on users.

Centralized models make more data available to whoever sets themselves up as the controlling authority, and they could potentially use that data for far more than contact tracing. The authority has access to detailed logs of everyone that infected people came into contact with, and it can easily use those logs to construct detailed social graphs that reveal how people interact with one another. This is appealing to some health authorities, who would like to use the data gathered by these tools to do epidemiological research or measure the impact of interventions. But personal data collected for one purpose should not be used for another (no matter how righteous) without the specific consent of the data subjects. Some decentralized proposals, like DP-3T, include ways for users to opt-in to sharing certain kinds of data for epidemiological studies. The data shared in that way can be de-identified and aggregated to minimize risk.

More important, the data collected by proximity tracking apps isn’t just about COVID—it’s really about human interactions. A database that tracks who interacts with whom could be extremely valuable to law enforcement and intelligence agencies. Governments might use it to track who interacts with dissidents, and employers might use it to track who interacts with union organizers. It would also make an attractive target for plain old hackers. And history has shown that, unfortunately, governments don’t tend to be the best stewards of personal data.

Centralization means that the authority can use contact data to reach out to exposed people directly. Proponents argue that notifications from public health authorities will be more effective than exposure notification from apps to users. But that claim is speculative. Indeed, more people may be willing to opt-in to a decentralized proximity tracking system than a centralized one. Moreover, the privacy intrusion of a centralized system is too high.

Even in an ideal, decentralized model, there’s some degree of unavoidable risk of infection unmasking: that when someone reports they are sick, everyone they’ve been in contact with (and anyone with enough Bluetooth beacons) can theoretically learn the fact that they are sick. This is because lists of infected ephemeral IDs are shared publicly. Anyone with a Bluetooth device can record the time and place they saw a particular ephemeral ID, and when that ID is marked as infected, they learn when and where they saw the ID. In some cases this may be enough information to determine who it belonged to. 

Some centralized models, like ROBERT, claim to eliminate this risk. In ROBERT’s model, users upload the list of IDs they have encountered to the central authority. If a user has been in contact with an infected person, the authority will tell them, “You have been potentially exposed,” but not when or where. This is similar to the way traditional contact tracing works, where health authorities interview infected people and then reach out directly to those they’ve been in contact with. In truth, ROBERT’s model makes it less convenient to learn who’s infected, but not impossible. 

Automatic systems are easy to game. If a bad actor only turns on Bluetooth when they’re near a particular person, they’ll be able to learn whether their target is infected. If they have multiple devices, they can target multiple people. Actors with more technical resources could more effectively  exploit the system. It’s impossible to solve the problem of infection unmasking completely—and users need to understand that before they choose to share their status with any proximity app. Meanwhile, it’s easy to avoid the privacy risks involved with granting a central authority privileged access to our data.

Conclusion

EFF remains wary of proximity tracking apps. It is unclear how much they will help; at best, they will supplement tried-and-tested disease-fighting techniques like widespread testing and manual contact tracing. We should not pin our hopes on a techno-solution. And with even the best-designed apps, there is always risk of misuse of personal information about who we’ve been in contact with as we go about our days.

One point is clear: governments and health authorities should not turn to centralized models for automatic exposure notification. Centralized systems are unlikely to be more effective than decentralized alternatives. They will create massive new databases of human behavior that are going to be difficult to secure, and more difficult to destroy once this crisis is over.

#AceHealthDesk report ……………..Published May 12, 2020 at 11:10PM

#acenewsdesk

(LONDON) #Coronavirus Report: Economy is unlikely to have a quick bounce back as it recovers from its #pandemic shutdown which could have wiped more than 30% off output last month, the head of the country’s b udget forecasting office said on Sunday but what protections do employers and employees have to adhere to in the workplace under change of law #AceHealthDesk reports

#AceHealthReport – May.17: “Robert Chote, chairman of the Office for Budget Responsibility (OBR), said April was probably the bottom of the crash as the government is now moving to gradually ease its lockdown restrictions.” Reuters Business reports: https://t.co/ev8JYUOhIE

#Coronavirus Report: Returning to work as lockdown lifted but after the law was changed to allow extra powers during the #pandemic what does this mean to employers and employees Now !

Published Monday, May 11, 2020: By House of Common Law

Has the law changed?

No, and the Prime Minister’s announcement does not indicate that there will be fundamental changes to the law at this stage.

The Health Protection (Coronavirus, Restrictions) (England) Regulations 2020, and the equivalent devolved legislation, make it an offence for a person to leave or be out of their home without a “reasonable excuse”. It is already a reasonable excuse to go to work if work cannot be done from home. This is not limited to ‘key workers’.

The Regulations also require businesses in certain sectors to close their premises except for certain activities. The Prime Minister did not suggest any immediate lifting of these restrictions, although he said shops may open in June and parts of the hospitality industry may open in July 2020.

What health and safety measures must employers take?

Employers already have a range of health and safety obligations under the Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974 and secondary legislation.

The Government guidance will not take the place of legislation. It would simply give guidance to employers on how they can fulfil their health and safety obligations in the context of Covid-19. The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) notes that employers who follow guidance will “normally be doing enough to comply with the law.” However, it is ultimately for employers to assess and comply with their legal duties.

Health and safety legislation sets out a range of obligations that are relevant in the context of Covid-19. These include:

  • Carrying out risk assessments for coronavirus-related risks;
  • Setting up safe systems of work, informed by the risk assessment;
  • Providing information about health and safety risks;
  • Cleaning and ventilating the workplace;
  • Preventing, or adequately controlling, exposure to infectious diseases or, failing that, providing suitable PPE.

A number of organisations have published guidance on health and safety and returning to work, including Cloisters chambers and the TUC. Maternity Action has also published guidance on the specific protections for pregnant workers.

Can workers refuse to go to work?

All workers have an obligation to follow lawful and reasonable instructions given by their employers. However, under Employment Rights Act 1996an employee cannot suffer a detriment (e.g. loss of pay) or be dismissed if they leave or refuse to attend the workplace because they believe that there is a serious and imminent danger that they cannot reasonably avoid. Employees are also protected if they take reasonable steps to protect themselves or others from imminent danger.

The term ‘danger’ has been interpreted broadly. What matters is whether the employee reasonably believed there was a danger, regardless of whether the employer disagreed. An employee’s right to take steps to protect ‘others’ is not limited to other workers.

Whether, in the current context, an employee could refuse to attend the workplace will depend on the facts. An Employment Tribunal would be likely to give due weight to an employer complying with Government health and safety guidance. It is also possible that other factors, such the risk from taking public transport or a worker living with clinically vulnerable people, could be relevant.

Barristers including Schona Jolly QC, Stuart Brittenden and Gus Bakerhave written about how these rules could apply in the context of Covid-19.

What about workers with caring responsibilities?

The Prime Minister said that pupils might be able to begin returning to school from June. He suggested the process will be phased, with certain year groups restarting school before others.

There is no statutory right for workers to refuse to go to work because of caring responsibilities. While employees do have a right to a ‘reasonable amount’ of time off for dependents, this is only available for unexpected emergencies and is unpaid. It may be possible for workers in this position to ask to be furloughed or to take annual leave. As childcare responsibilities disproportionately fall on women, there may also be questions about indirect sex discrimination.

Barrister Rachel Crasnow QC has written about what considerations may need to be made for working parents.

Can employers keep workers on furlough?

While the Prime Minister has said that workers should be “encouraged” to go to work he did not suggest that the rules on the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme have changed. Under the CJRS, employers can furlough workers and claim for 80% of their wages (up to £2,500 per month) from HMRC. The Scheme is set to last until at least the end of June 2020. Employers can furlough employees because of a “circumstance arising as a result of coronavirus”.

Employers whose work has reduced may choose to keep some or all of its workforce on furlough. However, this is a decision for the employer. An employer can instruct a worker to return to work provided it is in accordance with the employment contract and any furlough agreement.

#AceHealthDesk report ………….Published: May.17: 2020:

Editor says #AceNewsDesk reports are provided at https://t.me/acenewsdaily and all our posts, links can be found at here Live Feeds https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/ and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com

(LONDON) #Coronavirus ONS Report: #COVID19 Related deaths by ethnic group under revised ‘ Race Disparity Audit (RDA) ‘ since 2018 including socio-economic position, area context, access to housing and living arrangements across the U.K. updated Feb.07:2020: PDF Link Below: #AceHealthDesk reports

#AceHealthReport – May.11: Following a request by numbers of ethnic groups and organisations over BAME deaths of frontline #NHS and Social Care Workers ‘ and Public Health England (PHE) have commenced an investigation into reasons and causal affect behind them in the community:

#ONS Report: How ethnic groups vary across some of the social determinants of health: Last Update: 07/05/2020:

The revised Race Disparity Audit (RDA) published in March 2018 found disparities between ethnic groups in various aspects of public life, some of which were pronounced, influencing relative life chances and quality of life. A report by Public Health England showed that the Bangladeshi and Pakistani ethnicities stood out as having particularly poor health outcomes:

While the shared cultural practices associated with ethnic heritage is an important determinant of health, there are also important interconnections between ethnic group membership and other determinants of health such as:

  • socio-economic position
  • area context
  • access to housing
  • living arrangements

An important question in examining risk of coronavirus (COVID-19)-related death is how much variation can be explained independently by ethnicity and how much by variation in experience and intensity of disadvantage? As there is a social gradient in general mortality risk, it is important to illustrate how indicators of disadvantage are distributed across ethnic groups.

At the time of the 2011 Census, there was considerable variability between ethnic groups in the proportion of their respective populations assigned to the most advantaged Higher Managerial and Professional socio-economic class. For example, people with Indian ethnicity were twice as likely to be classified to this class than those with either Bangladeshi or Pakistani ethnicity. Those of Black or Mixed ethnicity had a smaller percentage of their respective populations assigned to this class than those with White ethnicity.

As occupation may change over time, since the 2011 UK Census an analysis of 2019 Annual Population Survey data suggested the Bangladeshi and Pakistani community has increased by approximately 17%, and the Black community by 19%. This is in contrast with the increase in the White population being under 1%. In all three of these groups, the percentage of the population in higher managerial and professional occupations has remained relatively constant, implying little social mobility since the census.

For those with no occupation information to classify from their census record, the Bangladeshi and Pakistani ethnic groups were the most likely to be classified as “never worked or long-term unemployed1, substantially higher than those of White, Indian or Chinese ethnicity.

Another indicator of social disadvantage is living in an overcrowded household (defined as having fewer bedrooms than needed to avoid undesirable sharing). Analysis of the English Housing Survey showed that between 2014 and 2017, around 679,000 (3%) of the estimated 23 million households in England were overcrowded; however, there were marked contrasts between ethnic groups. While only 2% of White British households experienced overcrowding, it was 30% of Bangladeshi households (the highest percentage), 16% of Pakistani households and 12% of Black households.

There is also a contrast in the propensity to live in a multi-family household. An unpublished analyses of Labour Force Survey data showed that in 2018, those with a Bangladeshi and Pakistani ethnicity were much more likely than any other ethnic group to live in a multi-family household, concurring with the overcrowded household contrast reported previously in this section.

In 2018 the percentage of economically active people who were unemployed also varied sizably by ethnicity. While 4% of the White and Indian ethnic populations were unemployed, it was 8% among those of Bangladeshi or Pakistani ethnicity and 9% of those with Black ethnicity.

Occupations involving close contact with the public are deemed to be a risk factor for COVID-19 infection. Figure 1 shows how ethnicities are distributed when working in occupations classified to the transport and drivers and operatives standard occupational classification sub-major group, which encompasses bus, coach and taxi drivers and those driving other types of industrial and agricultural vehicles.

Figure 1: A higher percentage of the workforce classified to the transport and drivers and operative sub-major group were from the Bangladeshi and Pakistani ethnicity group

Percentage of workforce classified to the transport and drivers and operatives sub-major group of the standard occupational classification 2010, UK, 2018 to 2019
Source: Annual Population Survey 2018 to 2019
Notes:
  1. Other ethnic group encompasses Asian other, Arab and other ethnic group categories in the classification.
  2. ‘Mixed’ encompasses White and Black Caribbean; White and Asian; White and Black African; and Other Mixed ethnic group categories in the classification.
  3. ‘Black’ encompasses Black Caribbean; Black African; and Black Other ethnic group categories in the classification.
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Image .csv .xls

There is a noticeably greater propensity for those with a Bangladeshi and Pakistani ethnicity to be working in these occupations. In fact, these ethnicities were twice as likely as others to be working in such occupations. In contrast those classified to the Chinese ethnicity were least likely to be working in these jobs.

The brief overview in this section gives a flavour of the differences in the social determinants of health across ethnic groups, with those of Bangladeshi, Pakistani and Black ethnicities experiencing greater levels of social disadvantage than those of White, Indian or Chinese ethnicities.

Notes for: How ethnic groups vary across some of the social determinants of health:

  1. Never worked or long-term unemployed contains those aged 16 to 74 years who have never worked or are economically active and have not worked since 2009. The category excludes full-time students.

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4. Logistic regression method

By using logistic regression models, we can estimate whether the risk of dying from the coronavirus (COVID-19) is greater among Black, Asian and minority ethnic (BAME) groups than the White population, once we adjust for a range of geographical, demographic and socio-economic factors.

The dependent variable is a binary variable equal to one if the individual died from COVID-19 between 2 March 2020 and 10 April 2020, otherwise it is equal to zero. In our analytical dataset, we include all those who died from COVID-19 in this period and a weighted 1% random sample of those who did not. The regression estimates are weighted using the probability not to have migrated between 2011 and 2020.

We estimate separate models for males and females, as the risk of COVID-19 death differs markedly across gender. In our baseline model, we only adjust for age, using five-year age groups. We then adjust for geographical, demographic and socio-economic characteristics that are likely to influence the risk of dying from COVID-19 and differ across ethnic groups separately for males and females. These characteristics are retrieved from the 2011 Census and so may not accurately reflect people’s socio-economic conditions in 2020, especially among young people, whose circumstances are likely to have changed. However, the risk of dying from COVID-19 is very low among children and young adults. For older adults, who are less likely to experience social mobility, the measurement error may be less of a concern.

First, we adjust for geographical factors. The probability to be infected by COVID-19 is likely to vary by region of residence, with London being the most severely affected region in terms of COVID-19 related hospital admissions. BAME are also more likely to live in London and in urban areas generally compared with the White population. Therefore, we adjust for region of residence and whether the individual lives in a rural or urban area, using the Rural Urban Classification1.

Second, we adjust for level of deprivation of the area by adding the Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) 2010 decile of the postcode of the residence in our model. The IMD is an overall measure of deprivation based on factors such as:

  • income
  • employment
  • health
  • education
  • crime
  • living environment
  • access to housing within an area

A previous ONS publication showed that people living in more deprived areas are twice as likely to die from COVID-19 than those living in less deprived areas. As BAME are also more likely to live in more deprived areathan those of White ethnicity, it is important to account for area deprivation.

Third, we adjust for the household composition (living alone, family with no children, family with children, other) and country of birth (UK born, non-UK born). Household composition varies by ethnicity. For instance, only 17.0% of the Asian population live in a one-person household, compared with 30.9% among those of White ethnicity. Living in a household with larger numbers of people is likely to increase the risk of being infected by COVID-19. Since this likelihood varies by ethnicity, it is a possible mediator for the relationship between ethnicity and the risk of dying from COVID-19.

Fourth, we adjust for socio-economic characteristics retrieved from the 2011 Census, which are a proxy of the socio-economic status (SES) of the individuals. We include in our model the level of highest qualification (Degree, A-level or equivalent, GCSE or equivalent, no qualification), the National Statistics Socio-economic Classification (NS-SEC) of the household head, and household tenure (owned, privately or socially rented, or other). These measures of SES vary across ethnic groups. For instance, 10.0% of people with White ethnicity were in higher managerial and professional occupations, compared with 15.4% of people from the Indian ethnic group and 6.9% from the Black ethnic group.

Measures of SES are associated with health outcomes and mortality2, and so are likely to be associated with the risk of dying from COVID-19. SES could have an impact on the risk of infection and also on the risk of dying if infected. In further work, we plan to derive an indicator of whether anyone in the household works in a high-risk occupation, such as in health care or in the transport sector.

Finally, we adjust for some measures of health from the 2011 Census. We include in the model self-reported health (very good, good, fair, poor, very poor) and a variable indicating if the individual has an activity limiting health problem or disability. Existing evidence suggests that physical health, in particular obesity, has a strong effect on the risk of dying from COVID-19. Health status varies across ethnic groups. For instance, the proportion of individuals being overweight differs markedly across ethnic groups. 62.9% of the White British population is overweight or obese, compared with 72.8% of the Black ethnic group.

In Coronavirus-related deaths by ethnic group, England and Wales: 2 March 2020 to 10 April 2020 (Figure 4) we reported the odds ratios for the age-adjusted model and the fully adjusted model. In Figure 2 in this section we show how the odds ratios of dying from COVID-19 relative to the White population vary depending on the set of household and individual characteristics we adjust for. We report the corresponding model metrics in Table 1.

We find that adjusting for region of residence and the rural and urban classification improves the model fit and reduces substantially the odds ratios for all ethnic groups. Ethnic minority groups are also more likely to live in London and in an urban area compared with the White population. The probability to be infected by COVID-19 is likely to vary by region of residence and to be higher in more densely populated urban areas.

Adjusting for the IMD decile of the Lower layer Super Output Area (LSOA) of residence further reduces the odds ratios for all groups, albeit to a small extent. Adjusting for household composition and wider socio-economic status improves the model slightly but has little effect on the odds ratios for most groups. Adjusting for health as measured in the 2011 Census improves the model fit and also reduces the odds ratios for several groups, in particular the Bangladeshi and Pakistani ethnic group.

Figure 2: Risk of COVID-19 death by ethnic group, different specifications

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.png .xlsx

Men Women
Specification Area under the curve Deviance Pseudo R Squared Area under the curve Deviance Pseudo R Squared
Age 0.91 114764.44 0.16 0.91 81626.29 0.15
+ Region, urban/rural 0.92 113141.54 0.18 0.91 80599.39 0.16
+ IMD decile 0.92 112985.94 0.18 0.92 80414.48 0.16
+ Household composition 0.92 112867.37 0.18 0.92 80313.36 0.16
+ Socio-economic Status 0.92 112498.20 0.18 0.92 79944.46 0.17
+ Health 0.93 111577.83 0.19 0.93 78932.52 0.18
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.xlsx .csv

Notes for Logistic regression method:

  1. The Rural-Urban Classification categorises geographical areas on the basis of physical settlement and related characteristics into four urban and six rural classes.
  2. For more information see Glymour MM, Avendano M and Kawachi I (2014). Socioeconomic Status and Health, in: Berkman L, Kawachi I and Glymour M (Editors), Social Epidemiology (2nd edition., pages 17 to 62), Oxford University Press.

Full PDF Report Here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/methodologies/coronavirusrelateddeathsbyethnicgroupenglandandwalesmethodology/pdf

#AceHealthDesk report …………..Published: May.11: 2020:

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