‘ Military Forces of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea Have Been Placed on High Alert ‘

#AceWorldNews – NORTH KOREA (Pyongyang) – June 27 – The military forces of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DRPK) has been placed on alert, official newspaper of the DRPK Central Committee Rodong Sinmun reported.

In particular, the newspaper says that the US “brought numerous sufferings and calamities to the Korean nation by provoking the Korean War of 1950-1953,” referred to as “Fatherland Liberation War” in North Korea.

“There is no justification for the crimes of American imperialists that had been committed during this three-year long armed conflict,” Rodong Sinmun stressed. However, the paper noted that the US “have not learned from their defeat in this conflict and continue to advance hostile to the DPRK policy, remaining an enemy of the Korean people.”

On June 25, mass gatherings were held across North Korea to remember the start of the Korean War. The war ended in a truce in 1953. People reminisced on the deeds of Kim Il Sung who led the North Korean army against the US and their allies.

Korean Central News Agency – Itar-Tass – DPRK

#ANS2014

#american, #democratic-peoples-republic-of-koreadprk, #north-korea, #pyongyang

` Russian Federation on the Treaty on the Nuclear Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons Disarmament and Security ‘

#AceNewsServices – PRESS – STATEMENT by Mikhail I. Uliyanov, Head of the Delegation of the Russian Federation to the Preparatory Committee for the 2015 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Nuclear Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (Cluster 1: disarmament on the application of security assurances), New York, 2 May 2014
03-05-2014

Mr. Chairman,

The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons is rightly regarded as a cornerstone of the global strategic stability and security. It laid a foundation for nuclear disarmament, prevention of horizontal proliferation of nuclear weapons and productive international cooperation in the field of peaceful uses of nuclear energy. Had it not been for the political shrewdness of our predecessors who signed the NPT more than four decades ago, the international relations of today would look different, and – I dare assume – our world would be far less secure and less stable. One could point out to certain shortcomings of the regime established by the NPT and yet, it’s impossible to deny that the Treaty meets the fundamental interests of all States Parties. Therefore, our common goal is to treat the NPT with care and collectively respond to the challenges it faces. That is the principal objective of the forthcoming Review Conference to be held in a year. The Action Plan agreed in 2010 is a solid stepping stone in this work.

As for the need to treat the NPT with care, we should like to address these words among others to the delegation of Ukraine which spoke before us. One should not bring the difficulties the current Kiev authorities are faced with to the NPT forum, particularly since there are no grounds for that. We urge our Ukrainian counterparts to refrain from perilous attempts at destabilizing the nuclear non-proliferation regime. On May 1st, when deliberating on the second cluster issues pertaining to the security assurances, we intend to elaborate in more detail on this question, including with regard to the Budapest Memorandum.

Mr. Chairman,

Russia fully recognizes its responsibilities under the NPT, including Article VI. Allegations are not rare that this article is not observed at all or is only observed in an unsatisfactory manner. How solid are the grounds for such allegations? See for yourselves. Article VI of the NPT contains three specific obligations.

Firstly, cease the nuclear arms race. This requirement, as far as Russia and the USA are concerned, was fulfilled back three decades ago. Secondly, Article VI provides for nuclear disarmament negotiations. Such negotiations did take place and were repeatedly held by the two leading nuclear powers. As a result of the implementation of a whole range of the agreements reached, Russia’s strategic nuclear arsenals have decreased by more than 80% and non-strategic arsenals – by 75% over the last 25 years.

Someone would probably wish for an even more spectacular progress, but you should agree that any talks about stagnation, let alone total lack of any movement towards a global nuclear zero would mean distorting the truth. As a matter of fact, the current level of Russia’s nuclear potential is significantly lower that that of the period when the NPT entered into force. Therefore, Article VI really works and will continue to do so, given the progress in the implementation of the new START Treaty between Russia and the United States.

The situation is different only regarding the third obligation under Article VI, i.e. the negotiations on a treaty on general and complete disarmament. Over more than four decades, the NPT States Parties have failed to make a single step forward in this area. Moreover, this obligation is often forgotten. Indeed, something needs to be done in this regard.

Thus, we believe that one of the objectives of the NPT Review Process is to reaffirm the comprehensive and indivisible nature of the NPT obligations of all its Parties. Any attempts to raise the issue of trade-off’s and linkages within the NPT, or oppose nuclear and non-nuclear States are detrimental to the stability of the non-proliferation regime and might result in it losing its efficiency.

At this stage, one of the major challenges to the non-proliferation regime is the extremely unsatisfactory situation with regard to convening the Conference on the establishment of a Middle East zone free of nuclear weapons and all other weapons of mass destruction as well as its means of delivery. In spite of the decisions of the previous Review Conference, this event was not held in 2012. Moreover, a new date for it has not been agreed upon It inevitably causes disappointment and raises concerns.

As one of the co-sponsors of the Conference, Russia has been sparing no effort and will continue to do so in order to implement the relevant part of the 2010 Action Plan. We are looking forward to further working in close contact with the other co-sponsors and facilitator Mr. Jaakko Laajava and we highly appreciate this cooperation. We intend to cooperate closely with all the countries of the Middle East whose support is essential for achieving success.

Although the current state of affairs is in general terms unsatisfactory, we should, however, note that since the second session of the Preparatory Committee quite important results have been achieved in this field. I refer to the three informal meetings in Glion attended by the Middle Eastern States that managed for the first time to establish a direct dialogue. Although this dialogue is moving forward with many difficulties, it is encouraging that all its participants – I would like to stress that – all of them have repeatedly shown that they are ready to stand for their principle approaches while taking into account the positions of the partners and searching for acceptable compromises. It gives some ground for optimism, and allows us, in our view, to make a decision about holding this Conference in November, or December this year. We are confident, that if the participants of the process have enough political will, we will be able to successfully complete the necessary preparatory wok, agree on the agenda, modalities and a draft outcome document for the Conference during the remaining time.

We consider the establishment of nuclear-weapon-free zones (NWFZs) as an important tool for raising the level of regional and international security and strengthening the non-proliferation regime. Extending such zones to new geographic areas is important as it provides legally binding security assurances to non-nuclear weapon States.

We welcome the efforts of the Central Asia and the P5 countries, which brought us close to the signing of the Protocol to the Treaty on a Nuclear- Weapon-Free Zone in Central Asia. Together with other nuclear powers, we look forward to signing the Protocol as soon as possible, thus making an important step towards completing the international legal process of establishing a NWFZ in Central Asia.
We are satisfied that we have managed to achieve the final stage in legally formalizing the status of the nuclear-weapon-free zone in Southeast Asia. The P5 has done its part of the work, making all the efforts for earliest signing of the Protocol to the Treaty on a NWFZ in Southeast Asia.

Mr. Chairman,

We assume that the main work on strengthening the non-proliferation regime is done at the national level by the NPT States Parties themselves. At the same time, it is always possible to achieve even more by means of joint efforts through exchange of information and best practices. This is where the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has a key role to play.

The Russian Federation has consistently supported the IAEA’s activities, including through providing adequate resources for its functioning and supports further strengthening of its potential with due account for the wide scope of tasks it is charged with related to the peaceful use of nuclear energy.

Under the IAEA Charter, the Agency’s principal objective is to promote the development of nuclear energy and its practical applications for peaceful purposes. This objective is the foundation for all the other areas of the IAEA activities, including its safeguards system. The non-proliferation dimension of the IAEA’s work is the key opening the door to all the benefits of the peaceful atom for non-nuclear States. Therefore, we fully support the universalization of the Additional Protocol to the Safeguards Agreement, while assuming that accession to the Protocol is a completely voluntary measure.

Russia takes an active part in discussions of the safeguards system reform that the IAEA Secretariat is working on. We consider objectivity and political impartiality to be the foundation of the IAEA safeguards legitimacy. Therefore, the new approaches of the Agency’s Secretariat should only use objective country-specific facts whereas its conclusions should be based upon unbiased and technically sound assessments. We believe that in the framework of the new approaches to safeguards only those measures and procedures for verifying nuclear activities of States should be used that are provided for in their respective safeguards agreements. We stress that any changes in the IAEA safeguards approaches can only be made after the approval by the Agency’s policy-making bodies.

Mr. Chairman,

We advocate further strengthening of the international legal norms regulating the security of nuclear materials with a view to reducing the proliferation threats and preventing terrorists from acquiring WMDs. We emphasize the importance of universalization of the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material and the 2005 Amendment to it, as well as the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism. We call upon all the States that have not yet done so to ratify these instruments.
We take note of the importance of combining efforts of the international community to fight the threat of nuclear terrorism. To that end, in 2006 Russia and the United States launched the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism (GICNT), which has proved to be an efficient tool for cooperating and sharing best expertise with regard to countering the threat of nuclear terrorism through action and reinforcing the global nuclear security, and which now comprises 85 States.

Russia has consistently pursued the goal of the earliest entry into force and the universalization of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), which is a crucial international legal instrument for strengthening the non-proliferation regime and limiting nuclear weapons.
We support the start of negotiations on a fissile material cut-off treaty (FMCT) at the Conference on Disarmament within the framework of the balanced Programme of Work and on the basis of the Shannon Mandate.

Mr. Chairman,

We are of the view that resolving regional challenges to the nuclear non- proliferation regime could be accomplished exclusively through political and diplomatic means on the basis of the NPT and the IAEA safeguards system. There is no alternative to this approach, which is the most efficient one. It is attested by the fact that over the past year we have advanced significantly in settling the situation around Iran’s nuclear programme. Right now the Joint Plan of Action agreed upon by the E3+3 and Iran on November 24th, 2013 is being implemented consistently. In parallel, Iran and the IAEA are actively cooperating in order to resolve all outstanding issues the Agency raised with regard to Iran’s nuclear programme. We are confident that the unprecedented constructive cooperation of Iran with the IAEA as well as with the E3+3 gives grounds to hope for a successful outcome of the talks on a comprehensive solution to Iran’s nuclear issue before the deadline of July 20, as set for by the Geneva Joint Plan of Action.

Vigorous steps are required to start moving towards a nuclear-weapon-free status of the Korean Peninsula. We are certain that all the stakeholders should do their best to resume the full-fledged NPT membership of DPRK and restore the application of the IAEA safeguards on its territory.
Mr. Chairman,

An increased interest in peaceful uses of nuclear energy is an objective trend of the modern world. Russia believes there is no alternative to further development and increased use of the civil nuclear power in the world in the near future. This is proved by the outcomes of the 2013 High-Level International Conference Nuclear Energy in the 21st Century hosted by Russia under the IAEA auspices. The final document of the Conference sets the direction for the development of the IAEA Member States. We are satisfied with the main conclusion of the Conference that for many countries nuclear energy is a proved, pure, safe, and resource-efficient technology that will play a prominent role in ensuring energy security and the sustainable development

Goals in the 21st Century and Beyond.

Russia consistently promotes a wide access to the benefits of peaceful nuclear energy for the NPT States Parties as well as the development of international cooperation in this area.

The NPT is a key element, a sort of guarantee of the ever-expanding international cooperation in the field of the peaceful uses of nuclear energy. Russia is willing to continue working together with the NPT States Parties. Our vision of cooperation is that it should consist in attaining the goals of development and spreading the use of peaceful nuclear energy while strengthening the nuclear non-proliferation regime.

To conclude, I would like to inform the esteemed delegations that in pursuance of the relevant provisions of the 2010 Action Plan the NPT States Parties possessing nuclear weapons agreed upon a standard reporting form. In accordance with this form, Russia just as its other P5 partners, has prepared a sort of a report on the work done with respect to Actions 5, 20 and 21 of the last Review Conference Final Document.

It will be placed on the official website of the third session of the Preparatory Committee in the form of a statement by the head of the Russian delegation.

Thank you.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation

#ANS2014

#russia, #democratic-peoples-republic-of-koreadprk, #geneva, #international-atomic-energy-agency-iaea, #iran, #p51, #united-nations, #united-states

` DPRK Detains United States Tourist in Course of Going Through Formalities for Entry into Country ‘

#AceWorldNews – PYONGYANG – April 26 – American Miller Matthew Todd, 24, was detained on April 10 “for his rash behaviour in the course of going through formalities for entry into the DPRK to tour it”, the official KCNA news agency reported Friday.

He had a tourist visa for the DPRK, but tore it into pieces and shouted that “he would seek asylum” and “he came to the DPRK after choosing it as a shelter,” it said.

This was a gross violation of the legal order of the DPRK, said the report.

And investigation into the case was under-way.

#ANS2014

#democratic-peoples-republic-of-koreadprk, #pyongyang

` Tense Situation on the Korean Peninsula Caused by Reckless Actions of American imperialists and Puppet Forces,” Li Yong Gil ‘

#AceWorldNews – PYONGYANG – April 25 – A national holiday, the Korean People’s Army Day, is being marked in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) on Friday by ceremonial meetings, rallies, concerts and sports events.

There will be no big military parade this year. Pyongyang residents traditionally lay flowers at the huge statues of Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il, installed on the Mansu Hill in the down-town area.

A mas pilgrimage began on Friday morning to military cemeteries, including those where the servicemen who died in the battles of the Korean War of 1950-53 are buried.

The military attaches of Russia, China, Vietnam, Cuba, Iran, and Egypt, accredited in Pyongyang, have honoured the memory of the dead.

#ANS2014

#democratic-peoples-republic-of-koreadprk, #korean-war, #pyongyang

` US Pushing North Korea towards the Nuclear Arms Race and Greater Potential ‘

#AceNewsServices – MOSCOW – April 22 (Interfax) – The upcoming trip by the United States President Barack Obama to the Pacific region will only intensify the confrontation and instigate a nuclear arms race, said a spokesman for the North Korean Foreign Ministry ahead of the U.S. leader’s visit to Japan and South Korea.

This trip, along with the growing intensity and scale of the joint U.S.-South Korean drills in the region, aims “to artificially keep the DPRK (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea) in tension and push it towards having to strengthen its nuclear deterrence forces and respond with military steps,” the North Korean Foreign Ministry’s spokesperson said.

“Washington needs that in order to stick a belligerent-nation label onto the DPRK and find a justification for its own military policy,” Pyongyang said.

“The DPRK does not intend to make a slightest concession on the fundamental issues of its national security or leave anything to a chance in the fear of baseless U.S. accusations of belligerence,” the spokesperson said.

“As long as the U.S. continues to remain on hostile terms with us, the DPRK will double its efforts to strengthen its deterrence forces for self-defense purposes so as to give a resolute response to this policy,” the spokesperson said.

During his Asian tour Obama will visit Japan and South Korea on April 23 – 26.

Meanwhile, Seoul notes signs of Pyongyang’s preparations for another nuclear test.

North Korean specialists may indeed be holding preparations for another test of a nuclear weapon, the South Korean Defense Ministry spokesperson Kim Min-seok said at a briefing in Seoul.

“Our military have noted increased activities in the Phunggyere site and in the immediate vicinity from it,” he said.

Earlier North Korea’s possible preparations for a nuclear test were reported by South Korean media outlets which cited unnamed military sources.

Nor has Seoul ruled out the possibility that Pyongyang could stage a provocation timed to coincide with Obama’s two-day visit to South Korea which begins on Friday.

North Korea held nuclear tests in 2006, 2009 and 2013.

Interfax – DPRK –
Contributions on Editorial – kk cm

#ANS2014

#asian, #democratic-peoples-republic-of-koreadprk, #japan, #north-korea, #pyongyang, #seoul, #south-korea, #south-korean

` North Korea is Preparing for ` Missile Launches ‘ – Reports by South Korean Media ‘

#AceWorldNews – SEOUL – April 01 – North Korea (DPRK) is preparing for missile launches, to which a ban on the passage of ships, imposed by the North, testifies, South Korea’s Yonhap news agency reported on Tuesday.

“North Korea has internally set the no-sail zone in waters near Wonsan this week to control its vessels,” the agency quotes a South Korean military source who spoke on condition of anonymity.

“It is highly likely that the North may fire ballistic missiles.” Wonsan is located on the south-eastern coast, where missile and rocket launches have taken place in recent weeks.

#ANS2014

#democratic-peoples-republic-of-koreadprk, #north-korea, #south-korea, #wonsan

#AceWorldNews PYONGYANG March 29 KCNA The spokesman for…

#AceWorldNews – PYONGYANG – March 29 (KCNA) — The spokesman for the DPRK Foreign Ministry gave the following answer to a question put by KCNA on Friday blasting the U.S. for disclosing its attempt to intensify military provocations disturbing peace and stability on the Korean peninsula and in its vicinity:

The U.S. president at a recent summit of the U.S., Japan and south Korea held in Hague openly justified the on-going joint military exercises, disclosing his provocative intention to further intensify them.

The danger of a war on the Korean peninsula is increasing obviously due to the U.S. massive introduction of aggression forces and destructive weapons and its ceaseless madcap maneuvers for a nuclear war.

Courtesy of KNS

#ANS2014

#democratic-peoples-republic-of-koreadprk, #hague, #japan, #south-korea, #us

` North Korea’s `UNHA-3 Rocket ‘ was built with Components from South Korea, UK and the United States ‘

#AceWorldNews – NORTH KOREA – March 29 – North Korea’s Unha-3 rocket was built with components from South Korea, the United Kingdom and the United States, UN experts revealed.

In a little-publicized March 10 report, the UN Panel of Experts also discovered the rocket contained off-the-shelf parts from China and Switzerland, while Soviet-era SCUD-missiles have also been stripped down for components.

The bulk of the components had not been obtained in violation of sanctions targeting the North, the UN said, adding their utilization “shows the ability of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) to assemble complex systems with globally sourced components.”

Many of the parts in question listed are widely available computer components. However, a US-manufactured video decoder, along with UK-made temperature and pressure sensors, were also recovered.

The panel noted that the South Korean parts consisting of electronic circuits and other computer parts were manufactured between 2003 and 2010. They were unable to trace the components back to the manufacturers however, due to “insufficient identifiers.”

However, placing these dual-use components on the North Korean sanctions list could prove problematic, analysts say.

“The current list of banned military and dual-use goods is already comprehensive. Adding more readily available materials to it would both risk infringing on legitimate non-military end-uses and be extremely difficult for member states to effectively implement,” Lawrence Dermody, an analyst specializing in illicit trafficking at the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, told NK News.

“If you start to ban items that are not in themselves offensive, but that just might be used for building a missile, where do you stop?” an anonymous source familiar with UN sanctions told the news site.

Read More: RT – http://on.rt.com/dh3c11

#ans2014, #china, #democratic-peoples-republic-of-koreadprk, #north-korea, #scud-miissles, #south-korea, #south-korean, #switzerland, #uk, #un, #united-states, #us