` Journalist’s are Honoured at ` Pulitzer Prize Awards ‘ in Difficult and Dangerous Times ‘

#AceBreakingNews – April 14 – (RT) – The Guardian US and the Washington Post are among the winners of a prestigious journalistic Pulitzer award. The newspapers shared the 2014 Pulitzer Prize for Public Service Reporting for coverage of NSA surveillance and whistleblower Snowden’s leaks.

The prize is awarded “for a distinguished example of meritorious public service by a newspaper or news site through the use of its journalistic resources,” according to the Pulitzer Committee. This includes the use of “stories, editorials, cartoons, photographs, graphics, videos, databases, multimedia or interactive presentations or other visual material.”

The committee stated that it was awarded to the Washington Post for “its revelation of widespread secret surveillance by the National Security Agency, marked by authoritative and insightful reports that helped the public understand how the disclosures fit into the larger framework of national security.”

It also awarded joint gold to Guardian US for its “revelation of widespread secret surveillance by the National Security Agency, helping through aggressive reporting to spark a debate about the relationship between the government and the public over issues of security and privacy.”

#BREAKINGNEWS: We have won the Pulitzer Prize for public service for our coverage of Snowden’s NSA leaks, along with @GuradianUS.
— Washington Post (@washingtonpost) April 14, 2014
Among Guardian US and Washington Post revelations were some of the most wide-scale and high-profile disclosures of government secrets since 1971’s Pentagon Papers on the Vietnam War.

Glenn Greenwald headed up reporting at the Guardian alongside Ewen MacAskill and film-maker Laura Poitras. Poitras has also collaborated with the Washington Post’s Barton Gellman, who was also honoured.

The impact of both newspapers’ revelations has sparked global outrage at the extent of US covert surveillance of its own citizens and those of other nations. With the help of documents leaked by former NSA contractor and whistleblower Edward Snowden, details of clandestine PRISM operations and UK Government Communication Headquarters (GCHQ) collaboration emerged.

#ANS2014

#gchq, #guardian, #national-security-agency, #nsa, #pulitzer-award, #snowden, #washington-post

` British Secret Services ` Threatened ‘ to ` Shut-Down ‘ the `Guardian ‘ as it was Publishing its Expose of US Surveillance ‘

#AceSecurityNews – LONDON – March 27 – British secret services threatened to shut down the Guardian newspaper as it was publishing its exposé of US massive surveillance based on Edward Snowden leaks.

The story was the most difficult piece of reporting the paper has ever done.

“We were threatened that we would be closed down. We were accused of endangering national security and people’s lives. It left us in a very difficult position,” Guardian deputy editor Paul Johnson told the Radiodays http://www.radiodayseurope.com/highlight/guardian%C2%B4s-inside-story-snowden-case Europe conference in Dublin.

A senior civil servant had told the paper’s editor, Alan Rusbridger, that the “prime minister, the deputy prime minister, the foreign secretary, the home secretary and the attorney general have got a problem with you,” Johnson said, as cited by the Irish Times.

The attitude of the British authorities was a sharp contrast to that of the Americans, he said.

In the US Snowden leaks led to a nationwide debate on surveillance and privacy while in the UK the authorities just assumed that national security trumps press freedom.

Read More: Press Freedom – RT News – http://on.rt.com/tyy7u1

#ANS2014

#edward-snowden, #americans, #british, #dublin, #guardian, #irish-times, #london, #press-freedom, #radiodays, #uk, #us

` British Troops will participate in `Military Drills ‘ in Ukraine under Rapid Trident 2014 ‘

#AceWorldNews – British troops would participate in military drills in Ukraine in July, the British newspaper Guardian said on Thursday.

The personnel would be part of a group of about 1,300 troops, mostly American, to participate in the Rapid Trident 2014 exercise, the newspaper said.

Rapid Trident 2014 is to “promote regional stability and security, strengthen partnership capacity and foster trust while improving interoperability between the land forces of Ukraine, and NATO and partner nations,” according to the US forces in Europe website.

In addition to US and UK troops, Rapid Trident 2014 will include units from Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Canada, Georgia, Germany, Moldova, Poland, Romania and Ukraine.

#ANS2014

#american, #armenia, #azerbaijan, #british, #bulgaria, #canada, #europe, #georgia, #germany, #guardian, #moldova, #nato, #poland, #rapid-trident-2014, #romania, #ukraine

#GCHQ & #NSA : `Intercepted Yahoo users’ Private Photographs’ and `Webcam Chat’ feature 2008 -2012′

#AceSecurityNews says that British and American surveillance agencies teamed up to develop a system that collected millions of images from the webcams of unsuspecting and innocent internet users, new leaked documents reveal.

This “Optic Nerve” program — administered by the UK’s GCHQ with the assistance of the National Security Agency — routinely intercepted and stored those webcam images in secret starting in 2008, according to documents disclosed by former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden and published by The Guardian on Thursday.

The program indiscriminately collected millions of images from people who used Yahoo’s webcam chat function, the Guardian’s Spencer Ackerman and James Ball reported, “including substantial quantities of sexually explicit communications.”

According to the journalists, the GCHQ relied on Optic Nerve to experiment with facial recognition programming to monitor existing targets and search for new persons of interest.

But the GCHQ didn’t stop at targeting solely suspected terrorists, the report continues, and instead collected intelligence by seemingly anyone unfortunate enough to log-in to Yahoo’s webcam chat feature, at least between 2008 and 2012.

#ANS2014 #Edward-Snowden #GCHQ #NSA

#american, #british, #guardian, #optic-nerve, #yahoo

“Guantanamo `Moazzam Begg arrested in the `UK’ along with two men and a woman, suspicion of `Syria-Related-Terrorist’ Charge’s”

#AceUKNews says a former Guantanamo Bay detainee Moazzam Begg has been arrested in the UK along with two other men and a woman.

The four are being held on suspicion of Syria-related terrorist charges in central England, according to police.

Begg was detained on suspicion of “attending a terrorist training camp and facilitating terrorism overseas,” according to West Midlands police.

The police said the arrests were connected. “They were pre-planned and intelligence led.

There was no immediate risk to public safety,” said Detective Superintendent Shaun Edwards, head of investigations for the West Midlands Counter-Terrorism Unit, according to a statement released Tuesday.

A police spokesperson told The Guardian that Begg’s name was confirmed “as a result of the anticipated high public interest” from the media.

#ANS2014

#england, #guantanomo-bay, #guardian, #moazzam-begg, #uk

#UK : ” Taxpayers will pick up the bill for ‘ Private Consortium’ to decommission `Magnox Nuclear Reactors’

#AceUKNews says the private consortium that will manage the decommissioning of the UK’s decaying Magnox nuclear reactors won’t be made to bear financial responsibility in the event of a radioactive incident.

SizewellTaxpayers will have to pick up the tab instead.

Private contractors will be indemnified by the government, despite concerns that exempting them from financial liability for nuclear incidents could prove a disaster for the taxpayer, the Guardian reports.

Earlier this month the Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC) presented parliament with a departmental minute concerning an indemnity to be given by the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA) in relation to the proposed Magnox reactors, built five decades ago.

Among the reactors are some of the oldest facilities at Sizewell, Hinkley and Dungeness, which have supplied electricity to the national grid for 40 years.

The Berkeley site in Gloucestershire, which entered service in 1962, was the first commercial nuclear power station in the UK to be decommissioned.

After 27 years of operation, generating enough electricity on a typical day to serve an urban area the size of Bristol, the twin reactor station shut down in 1989.

The station is currently undergoing work to decommission the site.

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#decc, #dungeness, #gloucestershire, #guardian, #hinkley, #magnox, #nda, #sizewell

#UK: ” Earthquake Magnitude 4.1 Reported in Bristol Channel”

#AceUKNews says a 4.1 magnitude quake was reported on Thursday in the Bristol Channel, with tremors in North Devon and South Wales in the south-west of Britain, the Guardian said. British Geological Survey experts are investigating the reports.

The earthquake originated in North Devon at 13:21 local time, and reports on Twitter suggest that it was felt in North Devon and South Wales.

#british-geological-survey, #earthquake, #guardian, #north-devon, #south-wales, #twitter

#Sochi : ” UN Condemns Attacks on LGBT Community ahead of Olympics”

#AceWorldNews says UN chief condemns attacks on the LGBT community ahead of Olympics
The UN chief, Ban Ki-moon, has used a speech ahead of the Winter Olympics in Sochi to condemn attacks on the LGBT community, the Guardian reported.

Addressing the IOC, the UN secretary-general highlighted the fact that the theme of the UN’s human rights day last December was “sport comes out against homophobia.” Speaking to reporters after his address, Ban said he appreciated the assurances of President Vladimir Putin that “there will be no discrimination and that people with different sexual orientation are welcome to compete and enjoy this Olympic Games.”

#humanrights, #ban-ki-moon, #guardian, #ioc, #lgbt, #olympics, #president-vladimir-putin, #sochi, #un, #winter-olympic-games

#UK: #GCHQ Order’s Destruction of Snowden Files, Hard Drive’s, Memory Cards, Under `Watchful Gaze’ of Surveillance Agency”

#AceNewsServices says `Video Released by Guardian shows   destruction of `Snowden Fles’ on `GCHQ’s’ Orders’

guardian-destroy-snowden-video.siThe Guardian has released a video of the newspaper’s editors destroying hard drives and memory cards with encrypted files leaked by Edward Snowden – under the watchful gaze of experts from GCHQ, the government’s surveillance agency.

It is the first time the footage has been published on-line since The Guardian’s hard drives were demolished on July 20, 2013, in the basement of the newspaper’s London offices.

Three Guardian staff members – deputy editor Paul Johnson, executive director Sheila Fitzsimmons and computer expert David Blishen – are seen taking angle-grinders and drills to the internal components of computers to destroy information on them.

The journalists were watched by two Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) technical experts, named in Guardian’s recent report as“Ian” and “Chris.” They recorded the process on their iPhones.

It took three hours to smash up the computers. The journalists then fed the pieces into the GCHQ-provided degausser high-tech equipment, which destroys magnetic fields and erases data, The Guardian said.

Initially, GCHQ officials wanted to inspect the material before destruction, carry out the operation themselves and take the remnants away. But the Guardian refused to let them.

The classified information was stored on four computers, none of which was ever connected to the Internet or any other network.

The UK government saw the destruction of the computers as a way to stop further publications of leaks from former NSA contractor Edward Snowden. It gave The Guardian an ultimatum to either hand the Snowden material back, destroy it, or face an injunction. UK Prime Minister David Cameron sent Cabinet Secretary Jeremy Heywood to convey the message.

“We can do this nicely or we can go to law,” Heywood told The Guardian’s editor Alan Rusbridger during one of their meetings in June and July.

“A lot of people in government think you should be closed down,” he added, The Guardian reported.

Initially reluctant to comply with the government’s demand, The Guardian eventually took the decision to demolish the hard drives with the information on them – as it was seen as the only way to protect the newspaper and its team.

The measure, however, did not stop the flow of #NSA- and #GCHQ- related revelations. Guardian editor Alan Rusbridger told government officials that several copies of the secret documents existed, but only one in the UK. It was known that The Guardian’s columnist Glenn Greenwald, who met Snowden in Hong Kong, had leaked material in Rio de Janeiro. There were further copies in the US, according to Rusbridger.

After the destruction of the hard drives, the paper continued to consult with the government before publishing national security stories.

“There were more than 100 interactions with No. 10 Downing Street, the White House and US and UK intelligence agencies,” The Guardian said in a recent report.

The release of the video comes a week before a new book by Guardian correspondent Luke Harding, “The Snowden Files: The Inside Story of the World’s Most Wanted Man,” is due to be published.

 

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#acenewsservices, #edward-snowden, #edward-snowden-gchq, #david-cameron, #glenn-greenwald, #government-communications-headquarters, #government-of-the-united-kingdom, #guardian, #jeremy-heywood

#UKGovNews : ” Press Freedom` Under Attack’ by `Back-Door Tactics’ to Allow Control of What is Printed”

#AceNewsServices says `UK Media Alarmed by Government Bill, Allowing Seizure of Journalists’ Notes and Files’

Published time: February 01, 2014 10:01

AFP Photo/Saeed KhanAFP Photo/Saeed Khan
UK media organizations have warned that if a government bill authorizing police to seize journalists’ notebooks, photos and digital files is passed Monday, it could seriously endanger press freedom in the country.

Currently, requests for reporters’ notebooks and files must be made in open court, and representatives of news organizations are allowed to be present in the courtroom. However, if Clause 47 in Cabinet Office Minister Oliver Letwin‘s deregulation bill is passed February 3, secret hearings could authorize the seizure of journalists’ files.

Under the bill, the police will be basically given carte blanche to access journalists’ information without their consent. 

Although the rules stating whether police can have access to material or not will remain unaltered, without media groups present at hearings judges could be more easily persuaded to authorize police seizures of journalistic material, The Guardian reported.

The voice of Britain’s media, the Newspaper Society, which represents 1,100 newspapers, 1,600 websites and other print, digital and broadcast channels, has protested against the controversial bill’s provisions.

“Reporters are put at risk, whether reporting riot or investigating wrongdoing, if perceived to be ready sources of information for the police and media organizations too vulnerable to police demands for journalistic material,” the society warned in a statement. 

The Newspaper Society said it strongly opposes Clause 47 of the Deregulation Bill because “it would take away important statutory safeguards for journalistic material against unlawful seizure by the police, through repeal of important provisions in the Police and Criminal Evidence (PACE) Act 1984. The Bill would remove the mandatory statutory procedural safeguards in PACE itself, which allow the media to have advance notice of police applications for production of journalistic material by the media and guarantee inter partes hearings.” 

The society has pointed out that the deregulation bill’s provisions could enable the current statutory safeguards to be “removed completely, reduced, weakened or otherwise radically altered at any later time, without prior consultation of the media affected nor detailed parliamentary scrutiny of the effect.” 

“We are alarmed that the removal of such important statutory protections of freedom of expression is put forward as a deregulatory measure,” the society’s statement concluded. 

However, a Cabinet Office spokesman told The Guardian that every measure in the deregulation bill was only meant toremove unnecessary bureaucracy.”

“Clause 47 would bring the Police and Criminal Evidence Act into line with other legislation in this area and would allow the criminal procedure rules committee to make procedure rules that are consistent and fair,” he said.

In November, the Metropolitan Police ordered journalists to hand over confidential information in secret courts. The case involved a former SAS officer accused of leaking information to a Sky News defense correspondent. Sky News has been ordered by the secret court to hand over emails and any other information passed between the soldier and the journalist. The High Court ruled that seeking production orders in closed courts was unlawful, and the charges against the SAS man and a second soldier were later dropped. However, London’s Metropolitan Police is seeking to overturn the High Court’s decision so they will be allowed to use secret courts to force journalists to hand over documents in future, the Press Gazette reported.

 

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#acenewsservices, #cabinet-office, #guardian, #metropolitan-police, #metropolitan-police-service, #newspaper-society, #oliver-letwin, #police-and-criminal-evidence-act-1984, #sas, #sky-news

UK: ” Wealthiest Parents Should Pay Same Fees to Send Their Children to Top State School’s”

#AceNewsServices says the that the wealthiest parents should have to pay the same fees to send their children to a top state school as they would to an independent school, a leading headteacher has proposed.

The Guardian goes on to report that Independent schools should also offer a quarter of their places to children from the poorest of backgrounds, according to Anthony Seldon, the master at Wellington College.

In a report published by the Social Market Foundation (SMF), Seldon calls for a radical wave of reforms to end the divide between state and independent schools, enhance social mobility and offer young people a more rounded education.

Seldon believes his proposals will widen access to private education and bring new money into the state system, as well as incentivise state schools to perform better and reduce the domination of places at the top state schools by the children of well-off parents.

He said: “Social mobility in Britain has been declining and the gulf between independent and state schools has been growing. Only radical proposals such as these will address this problem. And they are long overdue.

“These proposals are sensible, workable and fair, and if enacted would result in much better and fairer education for all.”

One proposal would see popular state schools being means tested, with the most affluent parents being charged for their children to attend top schools.

Families earning more than £80,000 a year should contribute financially, with those earning over £200,000 a year having to pay the full price of their children’s education at the best state schools. Fees should be the same for the wealthy as those charged at independent day schools.

#contribute, #guardian, #private, #schools, #smf, #social-mobility, #wealthiest

#AceNewsServices says according to the Guardian fresh questions…

#AceNewsServices says according to the {Guardian} fresh questions have emerged about the Channel 4 documentary Benefits Street after it emerged that the BBC was involved in early discussions about commissioning the controversial series but decided against pursuing it.

One of the working titles for the BBC series was The Benefit Street, suggesting that its creators had a good idea of what the show was going to be about – and potentially called – long before those who appeared in it did. Several participants have claimed they were told the programme was about community spirit.

The company behind the series, Love Productions, approached the BBC two years ago. “It’s true that the BBC was involved in some early development on the programme but we decided not to take the project further,” said a spokeswoman for the corporation.

She declined to be drawn on why the BBC decided against the project but pointed out that in the last few years it has broadcast several programmes focused on benefits, including Nick and Margaret: We All Pay Your Benefits, a series fronted by Lord Sugar’s two advisers on The Apprentice; BBC3’s People Like Us, about people on a housing estate in Manchester; and The Future State of Welfare, presented by John Humphrys’. The spokeswoman suggested that at the time when the BBC was deciding whether to proceed with what became Benefits Street, other formats “felt stronger”.

#bbc, #benefits, #benefits-street, #guardian, #street

#Edward-Snowden: ” Freedom of the Press Foundation Invites Whistle-Blower to Become a Director” #NSA

#AceWorldNews says that Non-profit group the Freedom of the Press Foundation said on Tuesday that NSA whistle-blower Edward Snowden will join its board of directors in February 2014.

The group uses a crowd-funding structure to collect donations for journalism projects and to encourage news organizations to use encryption tools.

“Journalism isn’t possible unless reporters and their sources can safely communicate,” said Snowden in a statement, “and where laws can’t protect that, technology can. This is a hard problem, but not an unsolvable one, and I look forward to using my experience to help find a solution.”

Snowden has been indicted by the federal government and lives in Russia where he was granted temporary asylum. The Freedom of the Press Foundation told the New York Times it consulted lawyers to make sure Snowden’s role would not create legal problems for the group, which has nonprofit status.

Daniel Ellsberg, the former military analyst who released the Pentagon Papers, co-founded the organization in 2012. Ellsberg said in a release that Snowden “is the quintessential American whistle-blower, and a personal hero of mine.”

“Accountability journalism can’t be done without the courageous acts exemplified by Snowden, and we need more like him,” Ellsberg said.

The San Francisco-based group’s founding board also includes John Cusack, journalist Xeni Jardin and two recipients of the NSA documents, journalists Glenn Greenwald and Laura Poitras.

This article originally appeared on guardian.co.uk

#edward-snowden, #foundation, #freedom-of-the-press, #glenn-greenwald, #group, #guardian, #non-profit, #nsa, #pentagon

UKGov: “Press Freedom Comes Under Scrutiny and Disguised as Protecting the Country”

#AceNewsServices says latest report’s from RT say that there are plans by the UK to increase press regulation. and these will come under scrutiny at this week as global media watchdogs carry out an inquiry set to focus on the confrontation between the government and The Guardian over the #NSA and #GCHQ leaks.

Freedom of the Press WorldwideMedia watchdogs will be in London January 15-17 to investigate the British government’s crackdown on the press, and will issue a report next month.

[The organization’s membership is] “deeply concerned by the British authorities’ treatment of the profession of journalism and its attempts to control the public debate,” said Vincent Peyrègne, CEO of the World Association of Newspapers and News Publishers (WAN-IFRA) which organized the mission.

The members of WAN-IFRA, along with the International Association of Broadcasting, the International Press Institute, the World Press Freedom Committee, the Inter-American Press Association and Committee to Protect Journalists will hold meetings with the Secretary of State for Culture Maria Miller, the Chairman of the Culture Select Committee John Whittingdale and Guardian editor Alan Rusbridger. They will also talk to freedom of expression and civil society groups, professional bodies, various industry representatives and academics.

“The British government’s actions have far-reaching consequences across the globe, and any threats to the independence of journalism in Britain could be used by repressive regimes worldwide to justify their own controls over the press,” Peyrègne said.

“We will endeavor to investigate all elements that threaten the United Kingdom’s position as a bastion for free and independent media,” he added.

We can’t take press freedom for granted; international mission begins investigating practices in United Kingdom. http://t.co/oDrIxoCiWt

— WAN-IFRA (@NewspaperWorld) January 15, 2014

An ‘unprecedented’ international mission decided to probe UK media freedom amid increasing concern over the country’s press freedom laws.

World Press FreedomIn October, PM David Cameron accused The Guardian of damaging national security by publishing sensitive data provided by ex-NSA whistleblower Eduard Snowden. He said that if The Guardian cannot be trusted to protect issues of national security then the government will be forced to issue a ‘D notice.’ (This is an official request to news editors not to publish or broadcast items on specified subjects for reasons of national security and will force them not to publish any further intelligence revelations).

Rusbridger was asked in December by British lawmakers about the case [of publishing of intelligence files leaked by Snowden].

Rusbridger strongly defended his newspaper’s publication of the Snowden leaks.

Prior to the parliamentary hearing, former Guardian journalist Glenn Greenwald, who first broke the story on whistleblower’s revelations, had tweeted that he thought the parliamentary hearing would be like an inquisition. The World Association of Newspapers and News Publishers, or WAN-IFRA, is the main global organization representing media publishers and editors, which represents more than 18,000 publications, 15,000 online sites and over 3,000 companies in more than 120 countries. Its mission is to defend press freedom, quality journalism and the economic independence of newspapers.

“The mission is a direct response to recent actions widely seen as contrary to press freedom guarantees… and…will also include discussion of the criticism of The Guardian for its coverage of the revelations from former US National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden,” WAN-IFRA stated in November.

This is the first WAN-IFRA mission to the United Kingdom. Previous press freedom missions included such countries as Ethiopia, South Africa, Libya, Yemen, Tunisia, Mexico, Honduras, Ecuador, Colombia, Guatemala, Ukraine, Azerbaijan and Myanmar.

 

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#acenewsservices, #edward-snowden, #government-of-the-united-kingdom, #guardian, #inter-american-press-association, #international-press-institute, #national-security-agency, #wan-ifra, #world-association-of-newspapers-and-news-publishers, #world-press-freedom-committee

UK Government: Changing Law So #Fracking “Could be Carried out Under People’s Home’s Without Need to Notify Owners”

#AceNewsServices says according to the latest from RT that Hydraulic fracturing may soon take place under thousands of homes across the United Kingdom without their owners’ knowledge. Based on a proposed law change the burden of notifying home-owners will be lifted from energy companies, the Guardian reports.

Planning Minister Nick Boles said a change in UK law will allow gas companies to put in drilling applications without notifying those in the area whose property could be affected, the Guardian reported. Companies will instead have to post notices in local newspapers and erect site displays in local parishes.

Many opposed to #fracking cite potential health risks, air pollution and water contamination, as well as possible earthquakes. Nevertheless, the government portrayed alerting all those possibly impacted by localized #fracking as too much of a burden for companies to weather.

It would require a “disproportionately large number of individuals and businesses” to receive notice, said Boles in a statement to MPs.

Hydraulic fracturing, or #fracking, is the highly controversial process of injecting water, sand and various chemicals into layers of rock in hopes of releasing oil and gas deep underground. Because it takes place far below ground, the gas companies themselves may not understand exactly where they are drilling.

“The associated underground extraction takes place very deep below the Earth’s surface, over a wide geographical area,” Boles said. “As a result, it is often not possible to identify the exact route of any lateral drilling.”

Without the changes to the secondary legislation, the widely drawn area on planning applications for onshore oil and gas projects would require the notification of a disproportionately large number of individuals and businesses. This would be unnecessarily excessive when other forms of complimentary notification exist.”

Ministers have dismissed any safety or environmental concerns posed by #fracking, instead touting the economic benefits while saying any drilling will be done responsibly. Other MPs are nervous about the new edict, The Guardian reported, based on high-profile protests in areas where drilling has been proposed.

On Tuesday the Conservative-led government issued a 49-page energy roadmap outlining ways in which oil and natural gas, including shale deposits, could be exploited in the country.

Britain’s Department of Energy and Climate Change identified new areas across the UK thought to hold rich, untapped stores of shale gas, The Daily Telegraph reported. As part of a new initiative by Westminster, these areas may become subject to test drilling, which could pave the way for #fracking if large deposits of shale gas are found.

“The government is keen to explore the potential for shale gas in the UK which could bring major benefit in terms of growth, jobs and energy security,” British Energy Minister Michael Fallon said in a statement. “However we must develop shale responsibly, both for local communities and for the environment.”

In a letter to European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso made public on Tuesday, Prime Minister David Cameron warned that European Union regulations could stifle investment in Britain’s shale gas industry.

“I am not in favour of new legislation where the lengthy time frames and significant uncertainty involved are major causes for concern,” Cameron wrote in the letter dated December 4, Reuters reports. “The industry in the UK has told us that new EU legislation would immediately delay imminent investment.”

#NoFrackingHere

#NoFrackingHere

#Fracking has met widespread opposition in the UK, with local communities taking to the streets in protest. In the city of Salford, Greater Manchester, activists blocked access to a test drilling site on Monday, placing a 1.5-ton wind turbine blade in front of the Barton Moss facility in what they called a “symbolic” act of protest.

Friends of the Earth campaigner Tony Bosworth called the government’s moves on #fracking objectionable given the drilling technique has been identified by officials as having “potentially significant local impacts.”

#StopFrackingUpOurLives

#StopFrackingUpOurLives

“People should be notified personally if firms want to drill or frack for oil and gas under their homes. Removing that right is a further blow to local communities who are rightly concerned about the impacts of #fracking,” he said. “Ministers should be strengthening rules to protect local people, not weakening them in yet another sop to an industry that wants to keep us hooked on dirty fossil fuels.”

A new report published in the latest edition of the journal Endocrinology shows a dozen chemicals used regularly in #fracking are suspected of being endocrine disrupting chemicals, or EDCs — chemicals that can interfere with the human body’s endocrine functions and have been linked to heightened risks of cancer, low fertility rates and decreased sperm quality.

EDITOR: says so how can this situation have arisen and who really owns the land two metres below the surface? Well having done some recent research and this article it states as follows:

COLUMN-Frack on Your Majesty, you may be a shale gas winner:Kemp
Fri, Dec 14 15:22 PM GMT

By John Kemp

LONDON, Dec 14 (Reuters) – Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II could be in line for a windfall now that her government is prepared to start granting licences to frack for shale gas again.

In her capacity as the Duke of Lancaster, the Queen owns more than 50,000 acres and subsurface rights to tens of thousands more across northern England, the part of the country that has drawn the most interest from companies hunting for shale gas. #Fracking firms will have to pay to put wells on her property or to drill through the subsurface mineral layers that she owns.

Potential payments to the Duchy are just one example of a wider phenomenon. The prospect of widespread #fracking, or hydraulic fracturing, has helped set off something of a rush among the owners of ancient mineral rights to register them ahead of an October 2013 deadline set by the Land Registration Act, in order to claim possible compensation.

THE DUCHY OF LANCASTER:

The Duchy of Lancaster, which dates back to the 14th century, is separate from the Crown Estate, historical land holdings and other royal possessions. Revenue from that property goes to the government in exchange for an annual payment to help cover the costs of running the monarchy.

The Duchy holds assets in trust to provide an income for the Queen and her successors as sovereign. In March 2012, it had assets valued at 405 million pounds ($653.5 million) and was providing an annual income of 13 million pounds, which the Queen uses to meet her private expenditure and official expenditure incurred as sovereign.

The Duchy has valuable commercial property in central London (clustered around the ancient manor of the Savoy around the Embankment and the Strand) as well as in northern England.

But the major part of its landholding, in terms of surface area, is held as rural estates spread across the counties of Lancashire (10,000 acres), Yorkshire (16,000 acres), other parts of northern England and the Midlands.

In addition, over the centuries when the Duchy sold off some of its holdings, it reserved ownership of the subsurface mineral rights. As a result, it also owns mineral rights beneath tens of thousands more acres across the north of England, even though the surface is now owned by others.

ANCIENT LORDS OF THE MANOR:

Mineral rights and royalties produced an income of just $270,000 in the year ended March 2012. However, like other major landowners, including the Church of England, the Duchy has been busy registering its historic ownership of these mineral rights ahead of the deadline set by the Land Registration Act.

“Mineral interests are a relatively small element of the Duchy portfolio, but windfall opportunities do emphasise the importance of protecting these interests,” the Duchy explained in its annual report.

“The Land Registration Act has necessitated mineral owners to register their titles with the Land Registry, and the Duchy has been doing this in respect of both its surface and mineral ownership.

#Fracking has set off a modern land rush. According to the “Daily Telegraph” newspaper: “The Duke of Northumberland, Duke of Bedford and Earl of Lonsdale have all registered manorial rights. Ordinary people who live in manor houses or old rectories may also have ‘lordships of the manor’ and therefore own mineral rights in the area.” (“Lords of the manor to cash in on fracking” November 2012)

DRILLING AND ANCILLARY RIGHTS:

Like other private landowners, the Duchy of Lancaster does not own the oil and gas found under its estates or as a result of its reserved mineral rights.

In contrast to the United States, where oil and gas deposits are in private ownership and the owner receives royalties from #fracking firms for extracting them, in the United Kingdom petroleum resources are in state ownership.

Under the 1934 Petroleum Production Act, all oil and gas deposits are owned by the Queen in her official capacity as “the Crown”, which in practice means they are government property.

Section 1 of the Act states: “The property in petroleum existing in its natural condition in strata in Great Britain is hereby vested in His Majesty, and His Majesty shall have the exclusive right of searching and boring for and getting such petroleum”, which means oil and natural gas.

Licences to explore and exploit oil and gas resources onshore are granted by the government. But “the rights granted by the landward licences do not include any rights to access, and the licensees must also obtain any consent under current legislation, including planning permission,” according to the British Geological Survey.

So anyone wanting to get at the oil and gas must negotiate with the surface owner for permission to drill a well and build other facilities such as access roads and storage tanks. If the surface owner refuses, the driller must apply for a court order under the 1966 Mines Act to acquire the ancillary rights needed to get access to the oil and gas and pay what the court rules to be appropriate compensation.

As a major landowner in the north of England, the Duchy of Lancaster will be able to charge anyone who wants to drill on surface land it owns. Under a recent court ruling, however, it may also be able to charge anyone who wants to drill through the underground areas it owns, even if they build surface facilities on someone else’s land.

DEVIATED WELLS, SUBSURFACE OWNERS:

In 2009, in a case that pitted Star Energy against Bocardo, a company ultimately owned by well-known businessman Mohammed Al-Fayed, the Court of Appeal ruled that Star had to pay compensation for trespass for drilling a deviated (angled) oil well under Bocardo’s property, even though the well started on someone else’s land and was at least 800 feet below the surface when it entered the area under Bocardo’s land.

“I reach this conclusion with reluctance,” the judge explained. “The trespass is purely technical, because it did not interfere with Bocardo’s use or enjoyment of its land one iota. More over, Bocardo has lost no rights because it neither owned the oil that has been removed from strata within its land; nor did it have the right to search, bore for and get such petroleum. Those rights belonged exclusively to the Crown and its licensee (Star)”.

Nonetheless, even though Star possessed a licence, it still needed to negotiate Bocardo’s permission to drill through all the other layers and mineral’s Bocardo owned underneath its property or apply to court and pay compensation. Having failed to do either, Star was ordered to pay £1000.

But that was for using three pipelines  beneath Bocardo’s land at depths between 800 and 2800 feet below the surface, and extending just 500-700 metres below Bocardo’s Oxted estate. Fracking will employ much longer horizontal wells and affect much bigger areas of the subsurface. The compensation required could be correspondingly larger.

Since the Duchy of Lancaster owns the mineral rights across large swathes of the north of England, frackers will have to negotiate appropriate payments to drill through all the strata it owns (including for example the coal deposits it has been busy registering).

In contrast to conventional oil and gas fields, which have a fairly limited impact on the surface and cover a restricted underground area, fracking involves drilling a much larger number of wells with horizontal sections extending thousands of feet. It has a very large footprint on both the surface and the subsurface, and a corresponding increase in compensation payments to a large number of land owners.

Revenues  from #fracking are unlikely to put the Queen’s personal income on a par with the sultan of Brunei, and she should probably not starting ordering a new Royal Yacht, but they could make a small addition towards the cost of running her household.

Ace Related News: 

EPA

Natural Gas

Birth Defects 

White House Government View 

Public Health Authority View  

New York’s View  

 

#acenewsdesk, #acenewsservices, #balcombe, #barton-moss, #britain, #cuadrilla-resources, #david-cameron, #endocrine-disruptor, #england, #guardian, #hydraulic-fracturing, #london, #michael-fallon, #nicholas-boles, #reuters, #salford-greater-manchester, #tuesday, #uk-government, #united-states

#NSA and #CIA Spied on “World of Warcraft Games” and On-line Games

World of Spycraft: NSA and CIA Spied in Online Games

 

by Justin Elliott, ProPublica, and Mark Mazzetti, The New York Times, Dec. 9, 2013, 7 a.m.

 

This story has been reported in partnership between The New York Times, the Guardian and ProPublica based on documents obtained by The Guardian.

 

Editor says this is a Copyrighted Article courtesy of ProPublica and The New York Times.  

 

Banner made for WikiProject Warcraft. Made by ...

Banner made for WikiProject Warcraft. Made by Havok. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

Not limiting their activities to the earthly realm, American and British spies have infiltrated the fantasy worlds of World of Warcraft and Second Life, conducting surveillance and scooping up data in the online games played by millions of people across the globe, according to newly disclosed classified documents.

 

Fearing that terrorist or criminal networks could use the games to communicate secretly, move money or plot attacks, the documents show, intelligence operatives have entered terrain populated by digital avatars that include elves, gnomes and supermodels.

 

The spies have created make-believe characters to snoop and to try to recruit informers, while also collecting data and contents of communications between players, according to the documents, disclosed by the former National Security Agency contractor Edward J. Snowden. Because militants often rely on features common to video games — fake identities, voice and text chats, a way to conduct financial transactions — American and British intelligence agencies worried that they might be operating there, according to the papers.

 

Online games might seem innocuous, a top-secret 2008 NSA document warned, but they had the potential to be a “target-rich communication network” allowing intelligence suspects “a way to hide in plain sight.” Virtual games “are an opportunity!,” another 2008 NSA document declared.

 

But for all their enthusiasm — so many CIA, FBI and Pentagon spies were hunting around in Second Life, the document noted, that a “deconfliction” group was needed to avoid collisions — the intelligence agencies may have inflated the threat.

 

The documents do not cite any counterterrorism successes from the effort, and former American intelligence officials, current and former gaming company employees and outside experts said in interviews that they knew of little evidence that terrorist groups viewed the games as havens to communicate and plot operations.

 

Games “are built and operated by companies looking to make money, so the players’ identity and activity is tracked,” said Peter W. Singer of the Brookings Institution, an author of “Cybersecurity and Cyberwar: What Everyone Needs to Know.” “For terror groups looking to keep their communications secret, there are far more effective and easier ways to do so than putting on a troll avatar.”

 

The surveillance, which also included Microsoft’s Xbox Live, could raise privacy concerns. It is not clear exactly how the agencies got access to gamers’ data or communications, how many players may have been monitored or whether Americans’ communications or activities were captured.

 

One American company, the maker of World of Warcraft, said that neither the NSA nor its British counterpart, the Government Communications Headquarters, had gotten permission to gather intelligence in its game. Many players are Americans, who can be targeted for surveillance only with approval from the nation’s secret intelligence court. The spy agencies, though, face far fewer restrictions on collecting certain data or communications overseas.

 

“We are unaware of any surveillance taking place,” said a spokesman for Blizzard Entertainment, based in Irvine, Calif., which makes World of Warcraft. “If it was, it would have been done without our knowledge or permission.”

 

A spokeswoman for Microsoft declined to comment. Philip Rosedale, the founder of Second Life and a former chief executive officer of Linden Lab, the game’s maker, declined to comment on the spying revelations. Current Linden executives did not respond to requests for comment.

 

A Government Communications Headquarters spokesman would neither confirm nor deny any involvement by that agency in gaming surveillance, but said that its work is conducted under “a strict legal and policy framework” with rigorous oversight. An NSA spokeswoman declined to comment.

 

Intelligence and law enforcement officials became interested in games after some became enormously popular, drawing tens of millions of people worldwide, from preteens to retirees. The games rely on lifelike graphics, virtual currencies and the ability to speak to other players in real-time. Some gamers merge the virtual and real worlds by spending long hours playing and making close online friends.

 

In World of Warcraft, players share the same fantasy universe — walking around and killing computer-controlled monsters or the avatars of other players, including elves, animals or creatures known as orcs. In Second Life, players create customized human avatars that can resemble themselves or take on other personas — supermodels and bodybuilders are popular — who can socialize, buy and sell virtual goods, and go places like beaches, cities, art galleries and strip clubs. In Microsoft’s Xbox Live service, subscribers connect online in games that can involve activities like playing soccer or shooting at each other in space.

 

According to American officials and documents that Mr. Snowden provided to The Guardian, which shared them with The New York Times and ProPublica, spy agencies grew worried that terrorist groups might take to the virtual worlds to establish safe communications channels.

 

In 2007, as the NSA and other intelligence agencies were beginning to explore virtual games, NSA officials met with the chief technology officer for the manufacturer of Second Life, the San Francisco-based Linden Lab. The executive, Cory Ondrejka, was a former Navy officer who had worked at the NSA with a top-secret security clearance.

 

He visited the agency’s headquarters at Fort Meade, Md., in May 2007 to speak to staff members over a brown bag lunch, according to an internal agency announcement. “Second Life has proven that virtual worlds of social networking are a reality: come hear Cory tell you why!” said the announcement. It added that virtual worlds gave the government the opportunity “to understand the motivation, context and consequent behaviors of non-Americans through observation, without leaving U.S. soil.”

 

Ondrejka, now the director of mobile engineering at Facebook, said through a representative that the NSA presentation was similar to others he gave in that period, and declined to comment further.

 

Even with spies already monitoring games, the NSA thought it needed to step up the effort.

 

“The Sigint Enterprise needs to begin taking action now to plan for collection, processing, presentation and analysis of these communications,” said one April 2008 NSA document, referring to “signals intelligence.” The document added, “With a few exceptions, NSA can’t even recognize the traffic,” meaning that the agency could not distinguish gaming data from other Internet traffic.

 

By the end of 2008, according to one document, the British spy agency, known as GCHQ, had set up its “first operational deployment into Second Life” and had helped the police in London in cracking down on a crime ring that had moved into virtual worlds to sell stolen credit card information. The British spies running the effort, which was code-named “Operation Galician,” were aided by an informer using a digital avatar “who helpfully volunteered information on the target group’s latest activities.”

 

Though the games might appear to be unregulated digital bazaars, the companies running them reserve the right to police the communications of players and store the chat dialogues in servers that can be searched later. The transactions conducted with the virtual money common in the games, used in World of Warcraft to buy weapons and potions to slay monsters, are also monitored by the companies to prevent illicit financial dealings.

 

In the 2008 NSA document, titled “Exploiting Terrorist Use of Games & Virtual Environments,” the agency said that “terrorist target selectors” — which could be a computer’s Internet Protocol address or an email account — “have been found associated with Xbox Live, Second Life, World of Warcraft” and other games. But that document does not present evidence that terrorists were participating in the games.

 

Still, the intelligence agencies found other benefits in infiltrating these online worlds. According to the minutes of a January 2009 meeting, GCHQ’s “network gaming exploitation team” had identified engineers, embassy drivers, scientists and other foreign intelligence operatives to be World of Warcraft players — potential targets for recruitment as agents.

 

At Menwith Hill, a Royal Air Force base in the Yorkshire countryside that the NSA has long used as an outpost to intercept global communications, American and British intelligence operatives started an effort in 2008 to begin collecting data from World of Warcraft.

 

One NSA document said that the World of Warcraft monitoring “continues to uncover potential Sigint value by identifying accounts, characters and guilds related to Islamic extremist groups, nuclear proliferation and arms dealing.” In other words, targets of interest appeared to be playing the fantasy game, though the document does not indicate that they were doing so for any nefarious purposes. A British document from later that year said that GCHQ had “successfully been able to get the discussions between different game players on Xbox Live.”

 

By 2009, the collection was extensive. One document says that while GCHQ was testing its ability to spy on Second Life in real time, British intelligence officers vacuumed up three days’ worth of Second Life chat, instant message and financial transaction data, totaling 176,677 lines of data, which included the content of the communications.

 

For their part, players have openly worried that the NSA might be watching them.

 

In one World of Warcraft discussion thread, begun just days after the first Snowden revelations appeared in the news media in June, a human death knight with the user name “Crrassus” asked whether the NSA might be reading game chat logs.

 

“If they ever read these forums,” wrote a goblin priest with the user name “Diaya,” “they would realize they were wasting” their time.

 

Even before the American government began spying in virtual worlds, the Pentagon had identified the potential intelligence value of video games. The Pentagon’s Special Operations Command in 2006 and 2007 worked with several foreign companies — including an obscure digital media business based in Prague — to build games that could be downloaded to mobile phones., according to people involved in the effort. They said the games, which were not identified as creations of the Pentagon, were then used as vehicles for intelligence agencies to collect information about the users.

 

Eager to cash in on the government’s growing interest in virtual worlds, several large private contractors have spent years pitching their services to American intelligence agencies. In one 66-page document from 2007, part of the cache released by Mr. Snowden, the contracting giant SAIC promoted its ability to support “intelligence collection in the game space,” and warned that online games could be used by militant groups to recruit followers and could provide “terrorist organizations with a powerful platform to reach core target audiences.”

 

It is unclear whether SAIC received a contract based on this proposal, but one former SAIC employee said that the company at one point had a lucrative contract with the CIA for work that included monitoring the Internet for militant activity. An SAIC spokeswoman declined to comment.

 

In spring 2009, academics and defense contractors gathered at the Marriott at Washington Dulles International Airport to present proposals for a government study about how players’ behavior in a game like World of Warcraft might be linked to their real-world identities. “We were told it was highly likely that persons of interest were using virtual spaces to communicate or coordinate,” said Dmitri Williams, a professor at the University of Southern California who received grant money as part of the program.

 

After the conference, both SAIC and Lockheed Martin won contracts worth several million dollars, administered by an office within the intelligence community that finances research projects.

 

It is not clear how useful such research might be. A group at the Palo Alto Research Center, for example, produced a government-funded study of World of Warcraft that found “younger players and male players preferring competitive, hack-and-slash activities, and older and female players preferring noncombat activities,” such as exploring the virtual world. A group from the nonprofit SRI International, meanwhile, found that players under age 18 often used all capital letters both in chat messages and in their avatar names.

 

Those involved in the project were told little by their government patrons. According to Nick Yee, a Palo Alto researcher who worked on the effort, “We were specifically asked not to speculate on the government’s motivations and goals.”

 

Andrew W. Lehren contributed reporting.

 

Editor says this is a Copy Righted Article Courtesy of ProPublica and The New York Times. 

 

LIVE DISCUSSION: What are intelligence agencies doing in virtual worlds? Join ProPublica reporter Justin Elliott and New York Times reporter Mark Mazzetti this Monday, Dec. 9, at 2 pm ET to discuss. Submit your questions here or on Twitter with the hashtag #spygames.

 

Editor says this is a Copy Righted Article courtesy of ProPublica and The New York Times. 

 

Tweet #SpyGames

 

Follow @justinelliott

 

 

 

#acenewsservices, #acesecuritynews, #cia, #communications, #government-communications-headquarters, #guardian, #intelligence, #microsoft, #national-security-agency, #new-york-times, #nsa, #online-games, #propublica, #second-life, #virtual-worlds, #world-of-warcraft

#NSA Pledges to Expand Powers to Obtain your Data it is Called Simply #Implant

The seal of the U.S. National Security Agency....

The seal of the U.S. National Security Agency. The first use was in September 1966, replacing an older seal which was used briefly. For more information, see here and here. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

#AceSecurityNews says this is the latest and most important invasion of our data and the privacy we attach hereto, with the new tool simply called implant. The aim is to install Malware and then control it at a click of a switch.

Take a look at the Video and leave your comment and please share this as many times as you can.

Thank you Editor.  

 

Examiner.com

 

Ace News Services thought you would like this article found on Examiner.com: NSA pledges to expand powers in document released by Edward SnowdenYou received this email because Ace News Services recommended this link.

Copyright © 2012 Clarity Digital Group LLC d/b/a Examiner.com. All Rights reserved.

PLEASE NOTE THIS IS A COPYRIGHTED ARTICLE AND VIDEO SO USE THE LINK?

THANK YOU EDITOR.   

 

 

#acenewsservices, #edward-snowden, #computer-network, #examiner-com, #guardian, #kindle-fire, #law, #legal-information, #malware, #national-security-agency, #nsa, #united-states, #washington-post

#AceNewsDigest – #austerity

#AceNewsDigest #Austerity

#AceWelfareNews – Stories From Around The Globe – Weekly Digest – #Edward-Snowden

Gathered together all the stories in the 7 days and compiled this Ace News Digest just for my readers. Just let me know what subject you would like a news digest to feature?

Editor

Tweet: #AceNewsServices . Email: Ace News Group . Comment: # And Add Your Tag

Stournaras: Fresh austerity measures would be ‘unnecessary’ and KathimeriniDebt-hit Greece will resist pressure from its lenders for more austerity measures, the country’s finance minister has said while downplaying a discrepancy in
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Kathimerini
America’s Austerity: It’s the Tax Increases Heritage.orgU.S. policymakers pursued deficit reduction (also called “fiscal consolidation” or “austerity”) twice in 2013. As economists have shown in dozens of papers, how
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Austerity tactics: Defence groups all choose the same alternative Financial TimesThe main drivers were the winding down of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan; the continued decline in European spending and the start of budget restraint by the
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Eternal austerity makes complete sense – if you’re rich The GuardianDavid Cameron‘s claims simply don’t add up to a coherent explanation as to why “more with less” – perma-austerity – is a policy worth pursuing.’ Photograph:
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The Guardian
Janet Yellen Shames Congress For Austerity, Being Terrible Huffington PostYellen reminded everybody that Congress has forced the Fed to act by constantly imposing harsh austerity measures on an economy still recovering from a
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New York Times
Students protest over austerity cuts in Italy BBC NewsConcern over cutbacks to education has sparked a strike by students across Italy in a week of college unrest across the European Union. Scuffles broke out with
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BBC News
More austerity, more struggle in Greece Workers WorldThe government is under enormous pressure over its harsh and vindictive austerity, and seizing ERT gives it an even stronger propaganda monopoly with which
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Press TV
Lockheed Martin To Cut 4000 Jobs Thanks To Austerity Huffington PostLockheed Martin To Cut 4,000 Jobs Thanks To Austerity. Reuters | By Karen Jacobs Posted: 11/14/2013 12:08 pm EST. reddit stumble · Share on Google+.
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Washington Post
Hospital implements austerity plan Gering CitizenLast week, Regional West Medical Center announced it will begin a reorganization plan aimed at slicing some $20 million from its budget in response to
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Gering Citizen
Economic austerity measures: President Joyce Banda sets the The Maravi PostConsidering the effect of withholding of aid by foreign donors, Minister of Finance Dr. Maxwell Nkwezalamba announced economic austerity measures which led
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The Maravi Post
Web 1 new result for #austerity
Lockheed Martin To Cut 4,000 Jobs Thanks To Austerity(Reuters) – Defense contractor Lockheed Martin Corp said on Thursday it plans to cut 4000 jobs, or more than 3 percent of its worldwide workforce, to cope with
www.huffingtonpost.com/…/lockheed-job-cuts-austerity_n_42…

#Austerity#Welfare#Homeless#Poor#Debt

 

#afghanistan, #antonis-samaras, #david-cameron, #european-union, #greece, #guardian, #iraq, #kathimerini

National Security Agency eavesdropped on hundreds of phone numbers belonging to dozens of world leaders

The RT has recently reported that the National Security Agency eavesdropped on hundreds of phone numbers belonging to dozens of world leaders, newly leaked documents supplied by former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden reveal.

Britain’s Guardian newspaper wrote Thursday that a classified memo provided to them by Snowden suggests that the NSA encouraged officials within the United States government and intelligence community to share among their colleagues contact information pertaining to international heads of state.

According to the Guardian, the memo made reference to an unnamed US official who had reportedly supplied the NSA with over 200 numbers, including 35 belonging to world leaders.

“These numbers plus several others have been tasked,” or monitored, reads the memo.

The leaders themselves are not identified in the memorandum, but classified documents previously disclosed to the media by Snowden have suggested that the NSA spied on conversations involving citizens of France, Germany, Brazil and elsewhere.

#acesecuritynews, #aceworldnews, #edward-snowden, #guardian, #nsa, #rt-news

It takes a very significant date for the…

It takes a very significant date for the word “today” to be deemed too sensitive to mention. But 24 years after the Chinese government’s bloody crackdown on pro-democracy protesters in Tiananmen Square, “today” is part of a long list of search terms that have been censored on Sina Weibo, the country’s most popular microblog.

Other banned words include “tomorrow,” “that year,” “special day,” and many number combinations that could refer to 4 June 1989, such as 6-4, 64, 63+1, 65-1, and 35 (shorthand for May 35th).

Chinese Communist party authorities, fearing a threat to their legitimacy, forbid open discussion of the so-called “June 4th incident” in the country’s media and on its internet. Yet internet users have reacted by using ever-more oblique references to commemorate the tragedy, treating censors to an elaborate game of cat-and-mouse.

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/jun/04/tiananmen-square-online-search-censored

#chinese, #communist-party, #guardian, #sina-weibo, #tiananmen-square