(MEXICO CITY) HRW REPORT: Has been carrying out mass expulsion of migrants and asylum seekers of various nationalities to a remote area of the jungle in Guatemala, putting lives at risk, Human Rights Watch said today #AceNewsDesk report

#AceNewsReport – Sept.13: Those expelled include families and unaccompanied children, some of whom were first expelled by air from the United States. Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador and US President Joe Biden should immediately stop these dangerous and unlawful expulsions and ensure that future deportations are carried out in line with Mexican, US, and international law.

#AceDailyNews HRW reports on the ‘Mass Expulsion of Asylum Seekers to Guatemala as Migrants Expelled From US, Mexico Without Due Process’ “For years, the Mexican president has facilitated some of the United States’ most abusive anti-immigration policies. Now he has gone a step further, replicating those abusive policies on Mexico’s own southern border.”

Buses sit on the Mexican side of the El Ceibo border crossing after having expelled migrants into Guatemala.
Buses sit on the Mexican side of the El Ceibo border crossing after having expelled migrants into Guatemala. © 2021 Courtesy of Alejandra Macías Delgadillo, Asylum Access México

Abandoning vulnerable families in the remote Guatemalan jungle without money, food, or shelter and ignoring their requests for asylum is a new low for President López Obrador,” said José Miguel Vivanco, Americas director at Human Rights Watch. “

In the beginning of August 2021, the United States began expelling some Central American migrants via air to two cities in southern Mexico – Tapachula, Chiapas, and Villahermosa, Tabasco – which are a relatively short drive away from the Guatemalan border.

Also in August, Mexican immigration authorities began busing at least 300 migrants of various nationalities each day, including some expelled from the United States and others apprehended in Mexico, to the Mexican side of the remote El Ceibo border crossing in the Lacandón Jungle. At times, the buses have arrived late at night. The authorities have then forced the migrants to cross the border by foot. Mexican authorities have also expelled groups of migrants this way through the border crossing in Talismán, Chiapas, also on Mexico’s southern border.

Mexican immigration agents have denied many of those expelled the chance to seek asylum and forced them to cross into Guatemala without notifying consular officials or the Guatemalan government. Some have been expelled while waiting on asylum applications in Mexico. Once on the other side of the border, many have had nowhere to sleep and no means of getting to their home countries.

On August 12, US Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas toldreporters that the United States was increasing its use of expulsion flights to Mexico’s interior under purported public health authority, to address “recidivism.” He also said the United States was urging Mexico to increase its interception of migrants. Since February the Biden administration has expelled more than 600,000 people at the border under an order issued under the administration of former President Donald Trump to justify expelling asylum seekers during the pandemic without giving them a chance to seek protection.

Some of those expelled have told humanitarian workers in Guatemala they had asked US and Mexican immigration agents for asylum but were told that would not be possible. Others have said they had already applied for or received asylum in Mexico, but that immigration agents told them their Mexican asylum documents were fake or invalid and sometimes confiscated and destroyed them, before detaining and expelling the asylum seekers. Many non-Guatemalans have told aid workers that Mexican immigration agents confiscated their identity documents before expelling them to Guatemala.

Mexican immigration authorities have not coordinated these expulsions with the Guatemalan government; nor notified the Guatemalan, Honduran, or Salvadoran consulates; nor arranged for onward transport. Many of those expelled have been forced to sleep on the street upon arrival in El Ceibo, a remote village of just a few hundred people. The migrant shelter in El Ceibo can house about 30 people. A humanitarian worker said one woman who was expelled said that Mexican immigration agents told her group they were intentionally being taken “to the most remote border crossing” so they would “learn their lesson.”

In a statement on August 17, the Guatemalan Foreign Relations Ministry expressed concern that it had not been notified of the expulsions. It also reiterated that repatriations of Guatemalans should take place through the country’s dedicated Reception Centers in Guatemala City and Tecun Uman.

To corroborate media reports about the expulsions, Human Rights Watch interviewed representatives of Guatemala’s human rights ombudsperson’s office, who have been traveling regularly to El Ceibo and Talismán to witness the expulsions and speak with those expelled. Human Rights Watch also spoke with the head of the Belén migrant shelter, near the El Ceibo crossing, representatives of the Guatemalan immigration authority, representatives from a collective of Mexican migrant rights groups that operate along the border, the Guatemalan children’s organization Refugio de la Niñez, the Guatemalan Red Cross, and consulate staff from Honduras, Guatemala, and El Salvador in Mexico.

Human Rights Watch also reviewed videos and photographs of expulsions and copies of documents provided to the Guatemalan human rights ombudsperson’s office showing that some of those expelled from Mexico had pending asylum applications there. Human Rights Watch asked Mexican immigration authorities for comment but had received no reply as of September 7.

Some of those expelled told shelter workers, journalists, and representatives of Guatemala’s human rights ombudsperson’s office that US or Mexican immigration agents detained them and told them they would be taken to shelters to register their asylum applications. Others said they were told they would be sent to their home countries, which included Honduras, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Cuba, Haiti, Venezuela, Belize, Colombia, the Dominican Republic, and Guatemala.

Instead, they were flown or taken by bus to Villahermosa, Tabasco, or Tapachula, Chiapas, and from there Mexican immigration agents immediately took them by bus to the border crossing and forced them to walk into Guatemala. Some said they had been given no information at all and did not know where they were being sent until they arrived in Guatemala.

Mexican authorities have been summarily expelling small groups of migrants into Guatemala since at least April, but began mass expulsions of hundreds of migrants at a time in August. Guatemalan immigration authorities said initially they could not register the number of expulsions due to their limited presence at the El Ceibo border crossing, where the vast majority are taking place. On August 22, they sent additional staff and began registering every expulsion.

From August 22 to August 29, they registered 2,061 people, including 564 children. A humanitarian organization providing support at the border has recorded 5 unaccompanied children. Guatemalan immigration authorities are not sure how many migrants have been expelled through Talismán.

As of August 30, Guatemalan immigration authorities had begun coordinating with civil society groups to receive expelled migrants, conduct medical checks, and, in some cases, provide them with onward transport.

Mexican immigration authorities have expelled groups of migrants and asylum seekers into Guatemala through the Talismán-El Carmen border crossing three times in August. On August 9, 10, and 18, migrants were taken via plane from the United States and northern Mexico to Tapachula, Chiapas state. From there, Mexican immigration agents and the National Guard took them by bus to the Talismán-El Carmen border crossing and forced them to walk into Guatemala.

On September 2, the Guatemalan Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced it had reached an agreement so that the US government would repatriate Guatemalans via air to Guatemala City. It also announced it had reached an agreement to allow the Mexican government to repatriate Salvadorans and Hondurans to their countries by bus, travelling through Guatemala. On September 4, the Guatemalan immigration authority said in a statement that expulsions from Mexico through El Ceibo would continue for another 30 days. It did not explain whether non-Guatemalans who are expelled by the Mexican government will be given the chance to seek asylum in Mexico. Nor did they explain whether expulsions of asylum seekers other than of those three nationalities will continue. Guatemalan immigration and human rights authorities reported asylum seekers of 10 nationalities expelled to Guatemala. These announcements raise more questions, including whether the Guatemalan government plans to actively participate in these abusive expulsions, Human Rights Watch said.

Under Mexican law, immigration authorities are required to tell anyone in their custody where and why they are being detained, and to provide information in writing about the right to apply for asylum or other regular legal status in Mexico. They also should allow anyone subject to deportation proceedings to speak with their consulate, receive legal advice, communicate with their family, and appeal the deportation decision.

Mexican immigration authorities may only return migrants to their home country – not send them to a third country – and they are required to notify and coordinate with the receiving country’s government and provide transportation, food, and water for returnees until they reach their home country. Finally, they are prohibited from deporting anyone who has requested or been granted asylum in Mexico.

The right to seek asylum is a core principle of international human rights law. Everyone seeking international protection has the right to apply for asylum abroad and to have their case heard before the appropriate authorities. Expelling asylum seekers without allowing them to make their claims violates the Refugee Convention, the Convention against Torture, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and the American Convention on Human Rights, all treaties to which Mexico is a party. The American Convention on Human Rights and the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families, to which Mexico is a party, also explicitly prohibit collective expulsions.

“The Biden administration promised more humane and fair policies for asylum seekers at US borders,” said Clara Long, US associate director at Human Rights Watch. “Instead, the administration is expelling asylum seekers without giving them a chance to seek protection and is implicated in dangerous Mexican return practices. The Biden administration needs to change course now.”

#AceNewsDesk report ………..Published: Sept.13: 2021:

Editor says …Sterling Publishing & Media Service Agency is not responsible for the content of external site or from any reports, posts or links, and can also be found here on Telegram: https://t.me/acenewsdaily all of our posts fromTwitter can be found here: https://acetwitternews.wordpress.com/ and all wordpress and live posts and links here: https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com

#el-salvador, #guatemala, #hrw, #immigrants, #mexico-city, #washington

(THAILAND) HRW REPORT: Thai authorities have repeatedly deployed reckless and violent tactics to quell the country’s burgeoning youth protest movement including beating demonstrators, firing chemicals from water cannons and shooting rubber bullets at close range #AceNewsDesk report

#AceNewsReport – July.06: Reporting by Amnesty’s on-the-ground monitors is corroborated by interviews with dozens of victims and eyewitnesses. Amnesty’s International Crisis Evidence Lab has also verified 87 videos depicting police violence.

Thailand: Police violence and harmful chemical irritants routinely unleashed on young protesters: The report, My face burned as if on fire, provides exhaustive documentation and analysis of the past year of Thai protests, painting a detailed picture of the excessive and unlawful use of force against largely peaceful protesters: new research from Amnesty International reveals today.

2 July 2021, 05:13 UTC

“Bystanders and protesters, most of them not engaged in any unlawful or violent behaviour, suffered traumatic violence at the hands of the police: people were beaten, hit by rubber bullets and tear gassed, all because they dared to gather peacefully and express themselves,” said Emerlynne Gil, Amnesty International’s Deputy Regional Director of Research.

“As protests grew in scale throughout the year, Thai authorities comprehensively failed to de-escalate a volatile situation, and put large numbers of people in danger, including children.”

Multiple testimonies in the report highlight the excessive use of chemical irritants on crowds, including in tear gas and water cannon discharge. Victims report suffering injuries such as severe burns and nasal bleeding.

Eyewitnesses and victims also describe many incidents of dangerous policing, from the aiming of high-pressure water cannons at people’s heads to the reckless firing of rubber bullets into the crowd.

“That was not arrest. That was battery” – Police beatings as part of crackdown

Tens of thousands of Thais took to the streets to demand democratic reforms throughout 2020 and into 2021 in Bangkok, the capital, and in provinces across Thailand. As the protest movement grew in 2020, so too did the severity of the Thai police’s response.

Riot police deployed water cannon on four occasions (16 October, 8 November, 17 November 2020 and 28 February 2021) to disperse protests which were largely peaceful, violating international human rights law and standards.

Eyewitnesses and verified video evidence show water jets discharged from a distance of 10m against protesters, safety marshals, journalists, and observers. The jets were sometimes aimed at the upper body and head. On other occasions, they were deployed indiscriminately at protesters pressed tightly together and unable to move or find cover.

Amnesty International further documented severe police beatings as well as the unlawful use of rubber bullets during the 28 February 2021 protest.

Victims and eyewitnesses said that police kicked protesters with combat boots and hit them with shields and batons. Police also struck protesters on the head, neck, back and abdomen, even after they had been apprehended and restrained.

A 16-year-old protester told Amnesty International: “They tied my hands behind my back with cable ties. After that, they kept kicking me and beating me up with batons. They used batons to beat me all over my body, my neck, my limbs, my head, my back…until a plainclothes officer came and said, ‘The order was to capture not beat up [protesters].’”

The protester added: “That was not an arrest. That was battery.”

Eyewitnesses and a victim also recounted how rubber bullets were fired by riot police even after protesters at the February demonstration started to retreat peacefully. Rubber bullets and casings were found at the protest site.

“I couldn’t breathe” – Unlawful use of chemical irritants and tear gas

At the protest on 17 November 2020, people reported experiencing coughing, skin and eye irritation and redness, chemical burns, breathing difficulties, burning sensations in the nose, lungs and skin, and nasal blood discharge after inhaling chemicals released from tear gas canisters or being hit by jets from water cannon.

“I felt like my face was burning and I couldn’t breathe,” said one 24-year-old observer after tear gas cannisters landed in front of her. “The gas mask didn’t help at all. I was knocked out. I [only] became conscious later at the hospital.”

At two locations near Bangkok’s Parliament House, riot police fired tear gas and water cannons laced with irritants at peaceful protesters from a distance of approximately ten metres. Chemical irritants were repeatedly used on the protesters for a period of five and a half hours.

Eighteen individuals interviewed by Amnesty International reported sustaining injuries or witnessed others who sustained injuries.

A protest guard who was volunteering to manage crowds and ensure demonstrators’ safety, described being targeted for several hours by water cannon and tear gas : “I felt fatigued. Drenched all over my body. Rankled, pained. I was so battered, I was numb with pain. We could not go on”.

Violent policing part of Thailand’s arsenal of repression 

The youth-led popular movement followed six years of smaller peaceful assemblies to protest the aftermath of the May 2014 military coup, after which the coup-installed National Council for Peace and Order (NCPO) imposed a range of restrictions on political activity.

These were partially lifted after the 2019 general elections, in which the political opposition’s participation was extensively curtailed while NCPO military officials assumed elected civilian office.

Since the military coup in 2014, the Thai authorities have persistently targeted and persecuted activists, human rights defenders, journalists, political opponents and many others expressing views critical of government action.

While protests have abated as Thailand battles a renewed increase in Covid-19 infections, the authorities have criminalised and detained peaceful protesters – including under emergency provisions to tackle Covid-19, and despite the country’s prisons having seen thousands of infections in recent weeks.

According to Thai Lawyers for Human Rights, since July 2020, at least 679 individuals have faced criminal charges – including sedition, royal defamation, computer-related crime, violation of the Public Assembly – in 344 lawsuits for joining peaceful protests, 43 of them children. Eighteen individuals have also been charged with contempt of court. One activist received a four-month prison sentence in late March 2021.

Time for a new approach

Amnesty International is calling on the police to protect the rights of all peaceful protesters and facilitate their rights to peaceful protest and free expression. The organization further urges police to prioritize non-violent means, such as negotiation, mediation and dialogue, to de-escalate situations which might lead to violence.

Amnesty urges the Thai authorities to immediately drop all charges against human rights defenders and activists targeted for exercising their right to protest.

Problematic laws such as the Public Assembly Act and the Emergency Decree must be repealed and existing less restrictive measures which comply with international human rights law and standards must instead be implemented. Everyone has the right to peacefully join a protest and voice their opinions without facing charges.

“The Thai authorities are using violence and judicial harassment to quash nationwide discontent. These fear tactics are only helping to highlight many of the protesters’ grievances, further fuelling the protests,” said Emerlynne Gil.

“It is time for a new approach, one which recognises that Thailand’s protests are overwhelmingly peaceful and grounded in the human rights to free assembly and expression.

“Ultimately, this youth movement is a plea for dialogue. The authorities should not respond with batons, water cannon, chemicals and bogus lawsuits.”

#AceNewsDesk report ……….Published: July.06: 2021:

Editor says …Sterling Publishing & Media Service Agency is not responsible for the content of external site or from any reports, posts or links, and can also be found here on Telegram: https://t.me/acenewsdaily all of our posts fromTwitter can be found here: https://acetwitternews.wordpress.com/ and all wordpress and live posts and links here: https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com

#amnesty-international, #hrw, #thailand

(KUALA LUMPUR) HRW REPORT: Workers at Malaysian palm oil company IOI Corp are mistreated by managers, face poor living conditions and pay high recruitment fees, according to a report to be published on Wednesday by human rights group Finnwatch #AceNewsDesk report

#AceNewsReport – July.02: IOI faces the accusations days after saying it will assist in any investigation after the US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) said in a letter to an activist that it was investigating the firm over forced labour allegations.

CBP Report: Malaysian palm giant IOI faces labour abuse allegations in new report: IOI said it would comment on the report after its public release and directed Reuters to a “grievance tracker” on its website where it addressed the specific complaints raised by Finnwatch acording to Telegram Channel News Asia

29 Jun 2021 08:39: PM

Similar US investigations have in the past led to some Malaysian companies, including two palm oil producers, being banned from selling their products in the United States.

Helsinki-based Finnwatch has been tracking working conditions at IOI since 2014.

It said it found IOI estate workers from India paid up to 45,000 rupees (US$606.31) in recruitment fees, lived in poor housing conditions and were not given copies of their employment contracts. It also criticised its wage policy.

“The case also brought into light serious, persisting gaps in the IOI Group’s wider recruitment and wage policies, and commitment to respect for human rights,” Finnwatch said in the report.

The findings follow an investigation by Finnwatch at an IOI estate in Pahang state on Malaysia’s east coast. It opened an investigation after receiving complaints from a relative of an IOI worker.

Finnwatch shared the report on the investigation with Reuters ahead of its publication on Wednesday. It has also shared the findings and the full report with IOI, and has engaged with IOI since August 2020.

In the “grievance tracker” on its website, IOI said it had suspended recruitment of workers from recruitment agencies in India after Finnwatch said workers were forced to pay high fees to secure a job. IOI said the fees paid by its workers were illegally collected by unknown actors, cannot be verified and were beyond the firm’s jurisdiction.

US CBP SCRUTINY

Malaysia, the world’s second-largest palm oil producer, relies on migrants to produce the edible oil found in products from food to fuel.

The US CBP has banned three Malaysian companies in the last year, including palm oil producers FGV Holdings and Sime Darby Plantations, for allegedly practicing forced labour including abusive working and living conditions.

Both companies have appointed auditors to evaluate their labour practices and said they would engage with the agency to address the concerns raised.

Following Finnwatch’s investigation, IOI said on its website it had demoted an employee for mistreating a worker, and released guidelines on providing basic amenities and verifying work hours.

IOI told Finnwatch that some workers are paid less as they do not reach the set work targets, according to the company’s response that is also published in the report.

Finnwatch found that IOI had a complex piece-rate wage policy that it said has led to abuse, errors and some being paid below the minimum wage.

IOI told Finnwatch that some workers are paid less as they do not reach the set work targets, according to the company’s response that is also published in the report.

In its response to Finnwatch, IOI said workers were given decent housing, but conditions deteriorated “because of a lack of cleanliness by the workers.”

IOI also said it has ordered all estates to give workers a copy of their employment contracts.

(Reporting by Mei Mei Chu, Editing by Timothy Heritage)

#AceNewsDesk report ……….Published: July.02: 2021:

Editor says …Sterling Publishing & Media Service Agency is not responsible for the content of external site or from any reports, posts or links, and can also be found here on Telegram: https://t.me/acenewsdaily all of our posts fromTwitter can be found here: https://acetwitternews.wordpress.com/ and all wordpress and live posts and links here: https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com

#cbp, #hrw, #ioi, #labour, #malaysia

' Russia's Human Rights Commissioner Refers to the ' White Book ' Over Human Rights Abuses and Its is time for a New Edition Given Situation in Ukraine '

#AceWorldNews – MOSCOW – July 04 – Russia’s human rights commissioner said the destruction of an orphanage in Sloviansk breaches international humanitarian law.

“If there is evidence, this breaches the norms and principles of international humanitarian law. This seriously violates human rights.

This is a crime,” Russia’s Foreign Ministry Commissioner for Human Rights, Democracy and the Supremacy of Law Konstantin Dolgov said on Thursday.

“Unfortunately, this is not the first incident when peaceful civilians, particularly children, come under fire within the continuing punitive operation. This gives a signal that violence, bloodshed and the punitive operation must be immediately stopped,” Dolgov told ITAR-TASS.

In view of the ongoing tensions in Ukraine, Russia has prepared a renewed edition of the white book of human right abuses and the violation of the supremacy of the law in Ukraine, the Russian Foreign Ministry said on Friday.

According to Konstantin Dolgov, the Russian Foreign Ministry ombudsman for human rights, democracy and the supremacy of law, said that the facts contained in the White Book confirm the systematic and, in some cases, purposeful nature of gross violations of human rights and the supremacy of the law in Ukraine.

The ombudsman said that the anti-terror operation of the Kiev authorities against peaceful civilians in southeast Ukraine; a cynical and bloody provocation at the House of Trade Unions in Odessa that claimed the lives of 48 people and the blocking of unsuitable media at any cost were graphic manifestations “of the purposeful nature of gross violations of the underlying principles of international law and norms in the field of human rights and the supremacy of the law in Ukraine,” the Russian Foreign Ministry emphasized.

(Human Rights Watch May 14 2014 Reported) – Yesterday Russia’s ambassador to the UN asked the UN to issue as a UN document the Russian Foreign Ministry’s “White Book” of allegations of human rights violations committed by the Ukrainian government, which it published last week.

To be sure, there is a critical need for human rights violations in Ukraine to be rigorously documented and effectively addressed. Although the book is deficient in its methodology and rigor, Moscow is trying to give it the prestige of a being a UN document.

In my 23 years documenting human rights violations for Human Rights Watch, I have learned the importance of methodological rigor to ensure the credibility of the allegations we make. Without that rigour, claims of abuse are too easily dismissed as “politicized,” the responsible party won’t take you seriously, and the abuses won’t be addressed.

The bulk of Foreign Ministry’s volume is a listing of genuinely frightening incidents —violent attacks, threats, and the like–but which for the most part provide no information about their source. The White Book’s introduction says that it is based on “media reports as well as records based on observations and interviews with people on the scene, and records collected by the Moscow Bureau for Human Rights and the Foundation for Researching Problems in Democracy.”

#ANS2014

#russia, #hrw, #human-rights-watch, #moscow, #ukraine