“Trial By Jury: An Essential Safeguard For A Free Society”

#acehistorynews, #history2research, #ilovehistoryandresearch, #free-society, #jury, #thomas-jefferson, #trial

#AceHistoryNews says the Freedom of Information Act FOIA…

#AceHistoryNews says the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) gives any person the right to request access to records of the Executive Branch of the United States Government. The records requested must be disclosed unless they are protected from disclosure by any of the nine exemptions contained in the law or by one of three special law enforcement record exclusions.
READ MORE http://history2research.wordpress.com/2013/12/09/freedom-of-information-act/

#history2research, #ilovehistoryandresearch, #foia, #us

#AceHistoryNews ” The Rosicrucian Order ” Guest Post and Views

As a former member of the Rosicrucian Order during the 1970’s, I am competent to observe that the original members of this secret society were Gnostic and keepers of their mysterious knowledge.
READ MORE ON OUR HISTORY2RESEARCH GROUP PAGE AT: http://history2research.wordpress.com/2013/12/09/the-rosicrucian-order/

#aceguestnews, #aceguestviews, #acehistorynews, #history2research, #ilovehistoryandresearch, #order, #rosicrucian

“History Relived #NelsonMandela Post From Our History and Research Group!

#AceHistoryNews says this is one of the #History2Research Group that provides such wonderful posts at #ilovehistoryandresearch
My man Smitty has encouraged me to talk about the late former president of South Africa, Nelson Mandela, and the country during the relevant period, and going forward. Therefore, I won’t wait the usual 40 days following his transition, but rather, following the lead of the South African government I will observe a 10 day period, before commenting substantively. Smitty was among a group of friends and associates that worked with me on a South Africa project in 1998. Smitty is the bearded brother pictured at an event we produced that was hosted by the South African Consulate in New York City.
READ MORE: http://history2research.wordpress.com/2013/12/08/i-love-history-and-research-my-man-smitty-has-encouraged-me-to-talk-about-the/

#achistorynews, #mandela, #south-africa

No Miranda Rights in 1944 Caused African-American Boy Named George Stinney To Be Falsely Accused Without Any Representation in South Carolina in the 1950’s – But after 70 Years Could Justice Soon Be Served

George Stinney, 1944, executed at age 14 years old

George Stinney, 1944, executed at age 14 years old (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

“In a South Carolina prison on June 16, 1944, guards walked a 14-year-old Black boy, bible tucked under his arm, to the electric chair. He used the bible as a booster seat. At 5′ 1″ and 95 pounds, the straps didn’t fit, and an electrode was too big for his leg. The switch was pulled, and the adult sized death mask fell from his face. Tears streamed from his wide-open, tearful eyes, and saliva dripped from his mouth. Witnesses recoiled in horror as they watched the execution of the youngest person in the United States in the past century.

George Stinney was accused of killing two White girls, 11-year-old Betty June Binnicker and 8-year-old Mary Emma Thames. Because there were no Miranda rights in 1944, Stinney was questioned without a lawyer and his parents were not allowed into the room. The sheriff when said that Stinney admitted to the killings, but there is only his word — no written record of the confession has been found. Reports even said that the officers offered Stinney ice cream for confessing to the crimes.

Stinney’s father, who had helped look for the girls, was fired immediately, and ordered to leave his home and the sawmill where he worked. His family was told to leave town prior to the trial to avoid further retribution. An atmosphere of lynch mob hysteria hung over the courthouse. Without family visits, the 14-year-old had to endure the trial and death alone.

The court appointed Stinney an attorney — a tax commissioner preparing for a Statehouse run. There was no court challenge to the testimony of the three police officers who claimed that Stinney had confessed, although that was the only evidence the prosecution presented. There were no written records of a confession. Three witnesses were called for the prosecution: the man who discovered the bodies of the two girls and the two doctors who performed the post-mortem. No witnesses were called for the defense. The trial took place before a completely White jury and audience (Blacks were not allowed entrance), and lasted two and a half hours. The jury took ten minutes to deliberate before it returned with a guilty verdict.”

A few years ago, a family claimed that their deceased family member confessed to the murders of the two girls on his deathbed. The rumored culprit came from a well-known, prominent White family. Members of the man’s family served on the initial coroner’s inquest jury, which had recommended that Stinney be prosecuted.

The legal murder of George Stinney will forever haunt the American legacy. Although the world and this nation have undoubtedly changed for the better, race still often collides with justice and results in tragedy. Cases like George Stinney’s cannot be erased, should never be forgotten, and are an important chapter in the story of Blacks in America.”

Courtesy of : Timothy Rae Ofwgkta Havens whose mother is Sarita Havens of #IloveHistoryandResearch saw this story on the internet the other day and it messed with my emotions. It’s about an African-American boy named George Stinney who was falsely accused without any representation in the South Carolina in the 1950’s.

Editor’s Comment: This story moved me so much l just had to publish and spread the news about this little boy. Though according to a recent article in related articles below from RT.com Civil Rights Activists are calling for a new investigation.

In their article, they state the youngest American to be executed in the twentieth century may be granted a new trial nearly 70 years after his death because a growing group of supporters, citing new evidence, have pushed for a new trial. so maybe one day we may see #justice4people          

#african-american, #black, #electric-chair, #george-stinney, #mary-emma-thames, #miranda, #miranda-warning, #new-trial, #race-and-ethnicity-in-the-united-states-census, #south-carolina, #state-attorney-general, #stinney, #united-states

I LOVE HISTORY …and research!!! says Watch this Racially-Charged Video Set During the Turbulent Civil Rights Era

Mildred and Richard Loving

Mildred and Richard Loving (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

#AceHistoryNews

This is a good friend of mine on Facebook who runs a group and l thought that people would be interested in this post and video. #Must-Watch

#ilovehistoryandresearch 

Sarita Havens posted in I LOVE HISTORY …and research!!!

Sarita Havens
Sarita Havens 7 November 14:46

Finally found the whole documentary!!!
“A racially-charged criminal trial and a heart-rending love story converge in this documentary about Richard and Mildred Loving, set during the turbulent Civil Rights era. Long Way Home: The Loving Story is a story of love and the struggle for dignity set against a backdrop of historic anti-miscegenation sentiments in the U.S. The Lovings, an interracial couple, fell in love and married at a critical time in American history, and, because of a confluence of social and political turmoil our reluctant heroes bring about change where previously no one else could. They are paired with two young and ambitious lawyers who are driven to pave the way for Civil Rights and social justice through a historic Supreme Court ruling, changing the country’s story forever (IMBD).”..

 

#african-american, #african-american-civil-rights-movement-1955-1968, #arts, #documentary-film, #facebook, #government, #history, #jeff-jarrett, #ku-klux-klan, #loving-story, #loving-v-virginia, #lovings, #mildred-loving, #mississippi, #richard, #supreme-court, #united-states