(BALTIMORE) John Hopkins Study Report: Identifies compounds undisclosed by popular brands including industrial chemicals, caffeine #AceHealthDesk report

#AceHealthReport – Oct.30: Vaping aerosols contain thousands of unknown chemicals and substances not disclosed by manufacturers, including industrial chemicals and caffeine, Johns Hopkins University researchers found…..

#AceHealthDesk says according to BBC Radio 4 today NHS is being asked to provide E-cigarettes as a way to stop smoking but Johns Hopkins researchers find thousands of unknown chemicals in electronic cigarettes …

BBC Health says that E-cigarettes could soon be prescribed on the NHS in England to help people stop smoking tobacco products: The Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency is inviting manufacturers to submit goods for approval to be prescribed: It could mean England becomes the first country in the world to prescribe e-cigarettes as a medical product

#AceDailyNews says this Golden Age is leading more to #ProfitB4People than #PeopleB4Profit as was previously foretold at the end of days …

An e-cigarette and smoke

Jill Rosen/ Oct 7

John Hopkins Research Report:

The study is the first to apply to vaping liquids and aerosols an advanced fingerprinting technique used to identify chemicals in food and wastewater. The results, just published in the journal Chemical Research in Toxicology , suggest people who vape are using a product whose risks have yet to be fully determined and could be exposing themselves to chemicals with adverse health effects.”I have a problem with how vaping is being marketed as more healthy than smoking cigarettes. In my opinion we are just not at the point when we can really say that.”Assistant professor, School of Engineering

“Existing research that compared e-cigarettes with normal cigarettes found that cigarette contaminants are much lower in e-cigarettes. The problem is that e-cigarette aerosols contain other completely uncharacterized chemicals that might have health risks that we don’t yet know about,” said senior author Carsten Prasse, an assistant professor of environmental health and engineering at the Whiting School of Engineering and the Bloomberg School of Public Health. “More and more young people are using these e-cigarettes and they need to know what they’re being exposed to.”

Previous studies of e-cigarettes have looked specifically for evidence of the hazardous chemicals found in traditional cigarettes. But here the researchers performed a nontargeted analysis to explore the full range of chemicals both in the vaping liquid and the aerosols.

Prasse and his team were the first researchers to test vape samples with chromatography/high-resolution mass spectrometry, a chemical fingerprinting technique more commonly used to identify organic compounds in wastewater, food, and blood. Although it’s possible to buy vaping products in hundreds of flavors, for consistency they tested only tobacco-flavored liquids sold by four popular brands—Mi-Salt, Vuse, Juul, and Blu. They found thousands of unknown chemicals in the liquid, and the number of compounds increased significantly in the aerosol. Furthermore, they detected condensed hydrocarbon-like compounds, typically associated with combustion, which manufacturers say is not happening during vaping. In traditional cigarettes, the condensed hydrocarbons generated during combustion are toxic.

“One of the main ways electronic cigarettes have been marketed is that they operate at temperatures below combustion, which would make them safer than traditional smoking,” said lead author Mina Tehrani, a postdoctoral fellow in the School of Public Health. “Our study shows that this novel fingerprinting approach can be applied to assess whether combustion-like processes are going on.”

The team found nearly 2,000 chemicals, the vast majority of which are unidentified. Of those the team could identify, six substances were potentially harmful, including three chemicals never previously found in e-cigarettes. Tehrani was particularly surprised to find the stimulant caffeine in two of the four products. Caffeine has previously been detected in e-cigarettes but only in the caffeine-oriented flavors like coffee and chocolate.

“That might be giving smokers an extra kick that is not disclosed,” she said. “We wonder if they are adding it intentionally.”

An e-cigarette and smoke

Image : Will Kirk / Johns Hopkins University

Besides caffeine, the team found three industrial chemicals, a pesticide, and two flavorings linked with possible toxic effects and respiratory irritation.

Prasse said he became interested in studying vaping products after his cousin, a former smoker, started vaping, insisting it was healthy. He plans to send that cousin this paper.

“People just need to know that they’re inhaling a very complex mixture of chemicals when they vape. And for a lot of these compounds we have no idea what they actually are,” Prasse said. “I have a problem with how vaping is being marketed as more healthy than smoking cigarettes. In my opinion we are just not at the point when we can really say that.”

Co-author Ana M. Rule, an expert in metals exposures from vaping with the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, says many young people who vape never smoked—so they aren’t making a healthier choice, only starting out with a risky one.

“There are millions of middle school and high school students vaping that would not otherwise think of smoking,” she says. “For them there is no risk reduction, only increased risk.”

Authors also include Matthew N. Newmeyer, a postdoctoral fellow at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. The work was supported by grants from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, and NIH Roadmap for Medical Research.

#AceNewsDesk report ……………Published: Oct.20: 2021:

Editor says …Sterling Publishing & Media Service Agency is not responsible for the content of external site or from any reports, posts or links, and can also be found here on Telegram: https://t.me/acenewsdaily all of our posts fromTwitter can be found here: https://acetwitternews.wordpress.com/ and all wordpress and live posts and links here: https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com

#baltimore, #e-cigarettes, #john-hopkins, #nhs, #vaping

(WASHINGTON) #Coronavirus Report: Biden & CDC recommend every citizen and even newborns have two jabs whilst John Hopkins says vaccinating everyone will not lead to wiping out #COVID19

#AceHealthReport – Aug.08: Even people who have recovered from #COVID19 are being urged to get vaccinated, especially as the extra-contagious Delta variant surges, with a new study showing survivors who ignore the advice are more than twice as likely to get reinfected…..

#CoronavirusNewsDesk says US authorities encourage #COVID19 vaccines for those already infected to develop ‘hybrid immunity’ after US President Joe Biden is suddenly battling an enemy he thought he had beaten and blaming unvaccinated people for the increase in case

The CDC recommends full vaccination, meaning both doses of two-dose vaccines for everyone: Cases & DataCases in US Last 30 DaysTotal Cases in US35,665,877Total Vaccines Administered350,627,188Deaths in US Last 30 DaysTotal Deaths in US614,291COVID DATA TRACKER

A report from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) adds to growing laboratory evidence that people who have had one bout of COVID-19 get a dramatic boost in virus-fighting immune cells — and a bonus of broader protection against new mutants — when they’re vaccinated.

“If you have had COVID-19 before, please still get vaccinated,” said CDC Director Rochelle Walensky.

“Getting the vaccine is the best way to protect yourself and others around you, especially as the more contagious Delta variant spreads around the country.”

According to a new Gallup survey, one of the main reasons Americans cite for not planning to get vaccinated is the belief that they’re protected since they already had COVID-19.

From the beginning, health authorities have urged survivors to get the broader protection vaccination promises.

While the shots aren’t perfect, they are providing strong protection against hospitalisation and death, even from the Delta mutant.America is grappling with the Delta variant even with a 70 per cent vaccination rateAmerica has a vaccination rate that’s the envy of the world.

Scientists say infection does generally leave survivors protected against a serious reinfection, at least with a similar version of the virus, but blood tests have signalled that protection drops against worrisome variants.

The CDC study offers some real-world evidence.

Researchers studied Kentucky residents with a lab-confirmed coronavirus infection in 2020, the vast majority of them between October and December.

They compared 246 people who got reinfected in May or June of this year with 492 similar survivors who stayed healthy.

The survivors who never got vaccinated had a significantly higher risk of reinfection than those who were fully vaccinated, even though most had their first bout of COVID-19 just six to nine months ago.

Medical personnel check the temperature of a COVID-19 patient who lies in bed
Many Americans cite the fact they’ve already had COVID-19 when indicating they don’t intend to be vaccinated.(AP: Ted Jackson)

A different variant of the coronavirus caused most illnesses in 2020, while the newer Alpha version was predominant in Kentucky in May and June, said study lead author Alyson Cavanaugh, a CDC disease detective working with that state’s health department.

That suggests natural immunity from earlier infection isn’t as strong as the boost those people can get from vaccination while the virus evolves, she said.

Scientists highlight ‘hybrid immunity’

There’s little information yet on reinfections with the newer delta variant.

But US health officials point to early data from Britain that the reinfection risk appears greater with delta than with the once-common Alpha variant, once people are six months past their prior infection.

“There’s no doubt” that vaccinating a COVID-19 survivor enhances both the amount and breadth of immunity “so that you cover not only the original (virus) but the variants,” Anthony Fauci, the US government’s top infectious disease expert, said at a recent White House briefing.

But in a separate study published Friday in JAMA Network Open, Rush University researchers reported just one vaccine dose gave the previously infected people a dramatic boost in virus-fighting immune cells, more than those who had never been infected got from two shots.

Other recent studies published in Science and Nature show the combination of a prior infection and vaccination also broadens the strength of people’s immunity against a changing virus.

It’s what virologist Shane Crotty of California’s La Jolla Institute for Immunology calls “hybrid immunity”.

Vaccinated survivors “can make antibodies that can recognise all kinds of variants, even if you were never exposed to the variant,” Dr Crotty said.

An Israeli woman talks on her phone as she receives a third coronavirus vaccine injection
Just one COVID vaccine dose gives the previously infected a dramatic boost in virus-fighting immune cells.(AP: Maya Alleruzzo)

One warning for anyone thinking of skipping vaccination if they had a prior infection: the amount of natural immunity can vary from person to person, possibly depending on how sick they were to begin with.

The Rush University study found four of 29 previously infected people had no detectable antibodies before they were vaccinated and the vaccines worked for them just like they work for people who never had COVID-19.

Why do many of the previously infected have such a robust response to vaccination? It has to do with how the immune system develops multiple layers of protection.

After either vaccination or infection, the body develops antibodies that can fend off the coronavirus the next time it tries to invade. Those naturally wane over time.

If an infection sneaks past them, T cells help prevent serious illness by killing virus-infected cells — and memory B cells jump into action to make lots of new antibodies.

Play Video. Duration: 4 minutes 45 seconds
Is there a cure for COVID-19?

Those memory B cells don’t just make copies of the original antibodies.

In immune system boot camps called germinal centres, they also mutate antibody-producing genes to test out a range of those virus fighters, explained University of Pennsylvania immunologist John Wherry.

The result is essentially a library of antibody recipes that the body can choose from after future exposures — and that process is stronger when vaccination triggers the immune system’s original memory of fighting the actual virus.

With the Delta variant’s super infectiousness, getting vaccinated despite a prior infection “is more important now than it was before to be sure,” Dr Crotty said.

“The breadth of your antibodies and potency against variants is going to be far better than what you have right now.”

Johns Hopkins Doctor says #COVID19 vaccines ‘should not be required for all Americans’ as Unvaccinated people “pose no public health threat to those already immune.”

A professor at Johns Hopkins University is arguing that the one-size-fits-all approach to universal vaccination being pushed in the U.S. is misguided and based on bad science. 

Marty Makary, a professor of surgery at Johns Hopkins, said in U.S. News and World Reports that “the notion that we have to vaccinate every living, walking American – and eventually every newborn – in order to control the pandemic is based on the false assumption that the risk of dying from COVID-19 is equally distributed in the population.”

“It’s not,” he continued. “We have always known that it’s very hard for the virus to hurt someone who is young and healthy. And that’s still the case. While vaccine requirements for health care workers make sense, we would never extend those requirements outside of health care for, say, the flu shot.”

Makary further pointed out that at least some individuals have already acquired natural immunity to COVID. 

“Requiring the vaccine in people who are already immune with natural immunity has no scientific support,” he argued. “While vaccinating those people may be beneficial – and it’s a reasonable hypothesis that vaccination may bolster the longevity of their immunity – to argue dogmatically that they must get vaccinated has zero clinical outcome data to back it.”

“The goal of our pandemic response should be to reduce death, illness and disability,” he said, “but instead what you’re seeing is a movement that has morphed from being pro-vaccine to vaccine fanaticism at all costs.”

AP/ABC/John Hopkins/ Just News/

#AceHealthDesk report ………Published: Aug.08: 2021:

Editor says …Sterling Publishing & Media Service Agency is not responsible for the content of external site or from any reports, posts or links, and can also be found here on Telegram: https://t.me/acenewsdaily all of our posts fromTwitter can be found here: https://acetwitternews.wordpress.com/ and all wordpress and live posts and links here: https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com

#biden, #cdc, #coronavirus, #john-hopkins, #washington