(NORWAY) Nobel Peace Prize Report: “Free, independent, and fact-based journalism serves to protect against abuse of power, lies, and war propaganda,” said Berit Reiss-Andersen, chair of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, explaining why the prize went to two journalists #AceNewsDesk report

#AceNewsReport – Oct.10: Without freedom of expression and freedom of the press, it will be difficult to successfully promote fraternity between nations, disarmament, and a better world order to succeed in our time,” she said….

#AceDailyNews says that according to media Nobel Peace Prize honors journalists with awarding Journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia with the 2021 Nobel Peace Prize on Friday for their fight for freedom of expression in countries where reporters have faced persistent attacks, harassment, and even murder.

C.S MONITOR: October 8, 2021: Manila, Philippines

Journalists Honour With Peace Prize

The Nobel committee noted that Mr. Ressa in 2012 co-founded Rappler, a news website that has focused critical attention on President Rodrigo Duterte’s “controversial, murderous anti-drug campaign” in the Philippines.

She and Rappler “have also documented how social media is being used to spread fake news, harass opponents, and manipulate public discourse.”

Mr. Muratov was one of the founders in 1993 of the independent Russian newspaper Novaya Gazeta, which the Nobel committee called “the most independent newspaper in Russia today, with a fundamentally critical attitude towards power.”

“The newspaper’s fact-based journalism and professional integrity have made it an important source of information on censurable aspects of Russian society rarely mentioned by other media,” it added.

Ms. Ressa, the first Filipino to win the peace prize and the first woman to be honored this year with an award by the Nobel committee, was convicted last year of libel and sentenced to jail in a decision seen as a major blow to press global freedom.

She said she hopes the award will bolster investigative journalism “that will hold power to account.”

“This relentless campaign of harassment and intimidation against me and my fellow journalists in the Philippines is a stark example of a global trend that journalists and freedom of the press facing increasingly adverse conditions,” she told The Associated Press.

She also pointed to social media giants like Facebook as a serious threat to democracy, saying “they actually prioritized the spread of lies laced with anger and hate over facts.”

“I didn’t think that what we are going through would get that attention. But the fact that it did also shows you how important the battles we face are, right?” she said. “This is going to be what our elections are going to be like next year. It is a battle for facts. When you’re in a battle for facts, journalism is activism.”

Mr. Muratov said he would use his win to help independent journalists who have faced growing pressure from the authorities, including those whose organizations were declared “foreign agents” – a designation that threatens to bring more government scrutiny.

“We will use it to shore up Russian journalism that has faced repressions,” he said in comments carried by a Russian messaging app channel. “We will try to help the people who have been designated as agents, have faced persecution, and have been forced out of the country.”

According to the Committee to Protect Journalists, 17 media workers were killed in the Philippines in the last decade and 23 in Russia.

The Nobel committee noted that since the launch of the newspaper, six of its journalists have been killed, among them Anna Politkovskaya, who covered Russia’s bloody conflict in Chechnya.

Former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev used some of his prize money from winning the Nobel in 1990 to help what would become Novaya Gazeta buy office equipment and computers.

Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov praised Mr. Muratov as a “talented and brave” person.

“We can congratulate Dmitry Muratov – he has consistently worked in accordance with his ideals,” Mr. Peskov said in a conference call with reporters.

Moscow-based political analyst Abbas Gallyamov said the award marked “a painful strike to the Russian authorities … because the freedom of speech and the principles of independent journalism are an evil in the eyes of Russian authorities.”

Some critics questioned if the award respected Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel’s will and its original purpose to prevent war, but Dan Smith, director of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, said it was justified.

“Freedom of expression is a part of democracy, and democratic systems are proven to be more stable, less likely to go to war with each other, less likely to experience civil war,” Mr. Smith said.

Ms. Reiss-Andersen noted that the peace prize has gone to journalists before, including Ernesto Teodoro Moneta of Italy in 1907 for promoting pacifism, and Carl von Ossietzky of Germany in 1935 after revealing the Nazi regime was secretly re-arming in breach of the World War I peace accord.

Ms. Reiss-Andersen also noted the risks to free speech today due to the spread of fake news.

“Conveying fake news and information that is propaganda and untrue is also a violation of freedom of expression, and all freedom of expression has its limitations. That is also a very important factor in this debate,” she said.

Media rights group Reporters Without Borders celebrated the announcement, expressing “joy and urgency.”

“Joy because this is an extraordinary tribute to journalism, an excellent tribute to all journalists who take risks everywhere around the world to defend the right to information,” the group’s director Christophe Deloire said from its Paris headquarters. “And also urgency because it will be a decisive decade for journalism. Journalism is in danger, journalism is weakened, journalism is threatened. Democracies are weakened by disinformation, by rumors, by hate speech.”

The group, known by its French acronym RSF, has worked with Ms. Ressa and Mr. Muratov to defend journalism in their countries, and comes under regular criticism from authoritarian governments.

PEN America, a free expression group, called it a timely award due to the “unparalleled menace” journalists face in authoritarian societies.

After the announcement, the Nobel committee itself was put on the spot by a reporter who asked about its decision to award the 2019 peace prize to Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, who has since become entangled in a domestic conflict with the powerful Tigray region.

“Today, I will not comment on other Nobel laureates and other issues than we have on the table today, but I can mention that the situation for freedom of press in Ethiopia is very far from ideal and is facing severe restrictions,” Ms. Reiss-Andersen said.

The award is accompanied by a gold medal and 10 million Swedish kronor (over $1.14 million). The prize money comes from a bequest from Nobel, who died in 1895.

Still to come Monday is the prize for outstanding work in the field economics.

This story was reported by The Associated Press. Frank Jordans reported from Berlin and Vanessa Gera from Warsaw, Poland. Associated Press writers Masha Macpherson in Paris, Jan M. Olsen in Copenhagen, Denmark, and Vladimir Isachenkov in Russia contributed.

#AceNewsDesk report ………………….Published: Oct.10: 2021:

Editor says …Sterling Publishing & Media Service Agency is not responsible for the content of external site or from any reports, posts or links, and can also be found here on Telegram: https://t.me/acenewsdaily all of our posts fromTwitter can be found here: https://acetwitternews.wordpress.com/ and all wordpress and live posts and links here: https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com

#journalism, #manila, #nobel-peace-prize, #philippines

(SEOUL) RSF REPORT: Calls on legislators to reject anti-disinformation amendment which poses a threat to journalism #AceNewsDesk report

#AceNewsReport – Aug.25: Reporters Without Borders (RSF) calls on South Korea’s legislators to refrain from adopting an anti-disinformation amendment which, in its current form, could be instrumentalised against the media….

#AceDailyNews says that on Wednesday 25th of August, South Korea’s Democratic Party, which holds a large majority at the National Assembly, will submit to vote an amendment to the Press Arbitration Act that will toughen civil penalties on media outlets held responsible for making “false” or “fabricated ”News reports. A coalition of seven media organizations, including the Journalists Association of Korea (JAK), a partner of RSF, called for the retractation of the proposed amendment, arguing that the definition of “false” or “fabricated” reporting is unclear.

The revised Press Arbitration Act would increase legal liability for the release of false news written with “intention” or “gross negligence” with a penalty of up to five times the alleged damage caused by reporting. It does neither include a detailed definition of the offense nor defines the system that proves the falsehood of the reporting and evidence of the perpetrator’s intention. In response to criticism, the ruling party recently revised the bill so that high-ranking government officials and major companies’ executives cannot seek punitive damage and that individual reporters are kept exempt from damage claims.

“The proposed amendment could open the door to any arbitrary interpretation and possibly be instrumentalised to put pressure on the media,” says RSF East Asia Bureau head, Cédric Alviani, who calls on South Korea’s legislators to refrain from adopting the bill. “ No matter the legitimacy of the fight against disinformation, legislators should never create new legal tools without ensuring they include sufficient guarantees, as court decisions can be very subjective on those sensitive issues.“

In order to address the growing presence of false and manipulated information online, RSF together with several other civil society organizations initiated the Forum on Information and Democracy , which published last year a set of 250 recommendations . The Journalism Trust Initiative (JTI), a mechanism to promote trustworthiness of news and information, is another project initiated by RSF and supported by the JAK in South Korea. 

In September 2019, the secretary-general of RSF, Christophe Deloire, was received by South Korean President Moon Jae-in at the Blue House, the presidential office in Seoul. 

In 2017, during a previous mission of RSF in South Korea, President Moon’s administration pledged for the country to rank 30th in RSF’s World Press Freedom Index by 2022.

#AceNewsDesk report ………Published: Aug.25: 2021:

#journalism, #press-arbitration, #rsf, #seoul, #south-korea

India: “Plans to put `Safe Guards onto Social Media Sites’ such as Facebook and Twitter”

#AceWorldNews says the Indian home affairs minister Sushilkumar Shinde said that the government was planning to put a check on social media sites. He backed the move by alleging “misuse” of social media and hinted they incited riots between Hindu and Muslim communities in Uttar Pradesh in August last year.

The minister made his comments while addressing the launch of a Hindi newspaper in Patna in the north of India, and also said that newspapers face a challenge to uphold honest journalism.

#facebook, #guards, #hindi, #hindu, #india, #journalism, #muslim, #newspaper, #patna, #riots, #safe, #social-media, #twitter