#AceNewsServices – BEIJING – June 04 – China is marking 25 years since the suppression of pro-democracy protests on Wednesday under a cloak of security, Reuters reported.
The 1989 ‘counter-revolutionary’ demonstrations on Tiananmen Square, which spread to other cities, have never been publicly marked in mainland China.
Every year, there are commemorations in Hong Kong and in self-ruled Taiwan.
Several governments including the United States urged China to account for what happened on June 4, 1989, comments that riled China, which has said the protest movement was “counter-revolutionary”. Exiled Tibetan spiritual leader the Dalai Lama used the anniversary to call on China to embrace democracy.
China has never released a death toll for the crackdown, but estimates from human rights groups and witnesses range from several hundred to several thousand.
Troops shot their way into central Beijing after demonstrators had clogged Tiananmen Square in Beijing for about six weeks.
There were also protests in many other cities.
Taking no chances on Wednesday, police, soldiers and plain-clothes security personnel enveloped Tiananmen Square, checking identity cards and rummaging through bags looking for any hint that people might try to sneak onto the square to commemorate the day.
Police escorted a Reuters reporter off the square, which was thronged with tourists, saying it was closed to foreign media. Police also detained another Reuters journalist for trying to report on the anniversary in one of Beijing’s university districts, releasing him after a few hours.
Public discussion of the crackdown is off-limits in China. Many young people are unaware of what happened because of years of government efforts to banish memories of the People’s Liberation Army shooting its own citizens.
“They have covered up history. They don’t want people to know the truth of what they did,” veteran activist Hu Jia told Reuters from his home in Beijing, where he said police were present to prevent him from leaving.
“Nobody would have confidence in them if they knew what they did… They should have fallen because of what they did,” he added, speaking by mobile telephone.
Reuters – BBC News – China Daily
#AceWorldNews says that AFP has reported that China on Wednesday extended its spending spree on the world’s largest armed forces, unveiling a 12.2 percent increase on the 2014 defence budget in a trend that has provoked concern in Asia and the US.
Beijing has for years been raising spending on the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) by double digits, reflecting its military ambitions as it asserts its new-found economic might and its claims in a series of territorial disputes with Japan and others.
“The appropriation for national defence is 808.23 billion yuan ($132 billion), up 12.2 percent,” said a budget report prepared for the annual session of the National People’s Congress (NPC), China’s Communist-dominated parliament, which began on Wednesday.
“We will resolutely safeguard China’s sovereignty, security and development interests,” Premier Li Keqiang said at the opening session.
“We will safeguard the victory of World War II and the post-war international order, and will not allow anyone to reverse the course of history,” he said — a phrase China often uses in relation to rival Japan.
Beijing would also “place war preparations on a regular footing” and “build China into a maritime power”, Li added.
In comments ahead of the gathering, NPC spokeswoman Fu Ying sought to play down foreign worries about China’s defence expenditure.
#AceSecurityNews says according to the latest news “The National Security Agency” has implanted software in nearly 100,000 computers around the world that allows the United States to conduct surveillance on those machines and can also create a digital highway for launching cyber-attacks.
While most of the software is inserted by gaining access to computer networks, the N.S.A. has increasingly made use of a secret technology that enables it to enter and alter data in computers even if they are not connected to the Internet, according to N.S.A. documents, computer experts and American officials.
The technology, which the agency has used since at least 2008, relies on a covert channel of radio waves that can be transmitted from tiny circuit boards and USB cards inserted surreptitiously into the computers. In some cases, they are sent to a briefcase-size relay station that intelligence agencies can set up miles away from the target.
The N.S.A. calls its efforts more an act of “active-defence” against foreign cyber attacks than a tool to go on the offensive. But when Chinese attackers place similar software on the computer systems of American companies or government agencies, American officials have protested, often at the presidential level.
Among the most frequent targets of the N.S.A. and its Pentagon partner,United States Cyber Command, have been units of the Chinese Army, which the United States has accused of launching regular-digital probes and attacks on American industrial and military targets, usually to steal secrets or intellectual property. But the program, code-named Quantum, has also been successful in inserting software into Russian military networks and systems used by the Mexican police and drug cartels, trade institutions inside the European Union, and sometime partners against terrorism like Saudi Arabia, India and Pakistan, according to officials and an N.S.A. map that indicates sites of what the agency calls “computer network exploitation.”
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