Mile for mile, there are almost as many earthquakes rattling Oklahoma as California this year. This major increase in seismic shaking led to a rare earthquake warning today (May 5) from the U.S. Geological Survey and the Oklahoma Geological Survey.
In a joint statement, the agencies said the risk of a damaging earthquake — one larger than magnitude 5.0 — has significantly increased in central Oklahoma.
Geologists don’t know when or where the state’s next big earthquake will strike, nor will they put a number on the increased risk. “We haven’t seen this before in Oklahoma, so we had some concerns about putting a specific number on the chances of it,” Robert Williams, a research geophysicist with the USGS Earthquake Hazards Program in Golden, Colorado, told Live Science.
“But we know from other cases around the world that if you have an increasing number of small earthquakes, the chances of a larger one will go up.”
That’s why earthquakes of magnitude 5 and larger are more frequent in states such as California and Alaska, where thousands of smaller temblors hit every year.
This is the first time the USGS has issued an earthquake warning for a state east of the Rockies, Williams said. Such seismic hazard assessments are more typically issued for Western states following large quakes, to warn residents of the risk of damaging aftershocks, he said.
The geological agencies took action after the rate of earthquakes in Oklahoma outpaced that of even California for the first few months of 2014. (California regained the lead in April.)
“The rate of earthquakes increased dramatically in March and April,” Williams said. “That alerted us to examine this further and put out this advisory statement.”
While Oklahoma’s buildings can withstand light earthquakes, the damage from a magnitude-5 temblor could be widespread. Oklahoma’s last major earthquake was in November 2011, when a magnitude-5.6 earthquake centered near Prague, Oklahoma, destroyed 14 homes and injured at least two people.
“Building owners and government officials should have a special concern for older, unreinforced brick structures, which are vulnerable to serious damage during sufficient shaking,” Bill Leith, a USGS senior science adviser for earthquakes and geologic hazards, said in the joint statement.
While scientists haven’t ruled out natural causes for the increase, many researchers suspect the deep injection wells used for the disposal of fracking wastewater could be causing the earthquake activity. Fracking, short for hydraulic fracturing, is a method of extracting oil and gas by cracking open underground rock
Ongoing studies have found a link between Oklahoma’s high-volume wastewater injection wells and regions with an uptick in earthquakes.
According to the USGS, the number of quakes magnitude-3 and stronger jumped by 50 percent in the past eight months in Oklahoma. Some 183 earthquakes of magnitude 3 or greater struck between October 2013 and April 14, 2014. The state’s long-term average from 1978 to 2008 was only two earthquakes of magnitude 3.0 or larger per year.
If the earthquakes are caused by wastewater injection, then the activity could continue or decrease with future changes in well usage in the state.
“We don’t know if this earthquake rate is going to continue,” Williams said. “It could go to a higher rate or lower, so the increased chances of a damaging quake could change in the future.”
#AceNewsServices – PRAGUE – April 10 – (Reuters) – Rasmussen said some 40,000 Russian troops were massed along Ukraine’s borders “not training but ready for combat.”
He told a news conference during a visit to the Czech Republic,to a NATO member, that any further military action by Russia would lead to grave consequences and severe economic sanctions.
Russia and the West are locked in a Cold War-style stand-off over Ukraine after Russia’s annexation of Crimea and a build-up of unrest in mostly Russian-speaking eastern Ukraine.
“From Prague, I have this message to Russia: You have a choice to stop blaming others for your own actions, to stop massing your troops, to stop escalating this crisis and start engaging in a genuine dialogue,” Rasmussen said.
20th century. His works, such as “Die Verwandlung” (“The Metamorphosis”), Der Process (The Trial), and Das Schloss (The Castle), are filled with themes and archetypes of alienation, brutality, parent–child conflict, and mystical transformations. Kafka was born into a middle-class Jewish family in Prague, then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. He trained as a lawyer and worked for an insurance company, writing in his spare time – he complained all his life about his lack of time to write. Kafka wrote hundreds of letters to family and close female friends, including his fiancée Felice Bauer. Only a few of Kafka’s stories appeared during his lifetime in story collections and literary magazines. His novels and other unfinished works were published posthumously, mostly by his friend Max Brod, who ignored his wish to have the manuscripts destroyed. Albert Camus and Jean-Paul Sartre are among the writers influenced by Kafka’s work; the term Kafkaesque has entered the English language to describe surreal situations like those in his writing.
Read more: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franz_Kafka>
My Personal View:
Just really enjoyed reading this and wanted to post it to inspire others in their writing! When first l start a blog l was not a writer and as my life had been filled full of woe, l could not express my feelings about certain, situations.
I worked in so many jobs and writing was just a way to pass the time, but God had other ideas and through a world of pain l was able to find a way to express myself! So much so that all that feeling walled up in my heart, came pouring out onto paper! The problem was l could not share it with anyone all l could do was share other people’s writing and scribblings! After a few years of reading all across the web l was able to share a little, and it made me feel better! Then l could relate and feel for other people and release the pain in my heart and life onto paper. Some people send me comments just saying you’re a great writer and marvellous post, but their comment is related to sites that sell shoes, clothes or other products!
These people were just like me and they are all searching for what they want to say, but are so scared, as l was to tell people, just in case they look foolish! But just be yourself, and say how you feel, and use my blog’s if this will help, as l will not judge your writings, as l know how you feel!
So if you have time leave a comment and please share your thoughts an feelings about writing, as people think it looks so easy, but for me it took time to flow!
The words that now come to mind, are “The light was amongst us and we comprehended it not” well l was in the dark and one day God switched the light on in my heart.
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