" World according to `Noam Chomsky' prominent `American Linguist & `Political Scientist'

#AceWorldNews says Noam Chomsky, a prominent American linguist and political scientist, says the United States’ constant threat of war against Iran is a violation of the United Nations Charter.

Both of its borders have been under occupation by a hostile superpower, the United States, which is constantly violating the UN charter by leaving open what they call the saying, ‘all options are open’ — meaning the threat of war.”

Chomsky said last month during an interview with HuffPost Live. “The UN Charter bars the threat of force.”

Chomsky also questioned the US reasons to impose sanctions on Iran, saying that even the US intelligence reports do not prove that Tehran is developing a nuclear weapon.

“My feeling is that the entire discussion is kind of surreal,” Chomsky said. “There are more fundamental questions to ask. What justification does the United States have to impose sanctions in the first place?”

“As far as US intelligence knows, Iran is developing nuclear capacities, but they don’t know if they are trying to develop nuclear weapons or not,” Chomsky told HuffPost Live.

“Chances are they’re developing what’s called ‘nuclear capability,’ which many states have. That is the ability to have nuclear weapons if they decide to do it. That’s not a crime,” he added.

#ANS2014

#huffpost-live, #iran, #n, #noam-chompsky, #presstv, #un, #united-nations-charter, #united-states

Security Council Strongly Condemns the Shelling of Russian Embassy in Damascus Today

Security Council of the Russian Federation (Со...

Security Council of the Russian Federation (Совет Безопасности РФ) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

#AceWorldNews says it strongly condemns the shelling of the Russian Embassy in Damascus today, the Security Council deplored the incident – which left one person dead and 9 others injured – as a “heinous terrorist act,” and reaffirmed the need to combat all manifestations of terrorism “by all means”, in accordance with the United Nations Charter and international law.

“The members of the Security Council are outraged and strongly condemned the mortar shelling on 28 November against the Embassy of the Russian Federation in Damascus, Syria, which killed one and wounded 9 people including among the Embassy security personnel,” the 15-nation body said in statement issued this evening from UN Headquarters in New York.

The Council members extended their condolences to the family of the victim and expressed their sympathy to all those injured “in this heinous terrorist act.” They also underlined the need to bring the perpetrators to justice.

Further to the statement, the Council reaffirmed that terrorism in all its forms and manifestations constitutes one of the most serious threats to international peace and security, and that any acts of terrorism are criminal and unjustifiable, regardless of their motivation, wherever, whenever and by whomsoever committed.

Council members also reaffirmed the need to combat by all means, in accordance with the UN Charter “and all obligations under international law, in particular international human rights, refugee and humanitarian law, threats to international peace and security caused by terrorist acts.”

Finally, the Council recalled the fundamental principle of the inviolability of diplomatic and consular premises, and the obligations on host Governments, including under the 1961 Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations and the 1963 Vienna Convention on Consular Relations, to take all appropriate steps to protect diplomatic and consular premises against any intrusion or damage, and to prevent any disturbance of the peace of these missions or impairment of their dignity, and to prevent any attack on diplomatic premises, agents and consular officers.

 

#council, #damascus, #list-of-diplomatic-missions-of-russia, #new-york, #syria, #terrorism, #united-nations-charter, #united-nations-security-council

A Reason The US Could Go To War With Syria

american flag

american flag (Photo credit: osipovva)

There are two possible arguments for intervention without Security Council authorization, but they both require an extension of recognized principles beyond the limits heretofore applied to them. The first is based on a limited right of humanitarian intervention to aid groups held captive or subjected to grave physical danger. The justification for humanitarian intervention is strongest when the intervening states are acting to protect their own nationals, as in the case of Israel’s 1976 raid to release its nationals being held hostage at the airport in Entebbe, Uganda. The extended argument would be that in exceptional cases where peaceful means of alleviating a humanitarian crisis inflicted by a state on its own nationals have failed, and where the Security Council has recognized a threat to international peace, forceful intervention would be lawful so long as it is proportional to the situation.

The second argument is based on an extension of the right of collective self-defense. That right is recognized by Article 51 of the U.N. Charter, if the Security Council has not acted to deal with an armed attack. The right of self-defense, though, has traditionally been regarded as legitimate only in the case of an armed attack on a state. Even if the Kosovo authorities have requested self-defense help from NATO, since Kosovo is not a state under international law, the right of collective self-defense would have to be stretched to apply here. The argument for stretching it would stress the international community’s recognition of the Kosovars as an entity entitled to a substantial measure of autonomy (and thus entitled not only to defend itself, but also to request others to help, so long as the help is proportional to the situation).

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About the Author: 
Frederic L. Kirgis is Law School Association Alumni Professor at Washington and Lee University School of Law. He has written a book and several articles on United Nations law, and is a member of the Board of Editors of the American Journal of International Law.

The purpose of ASIL Insights is to provide concise and informed background for developments of interest to the international community. The American Society of  International Law does not take positions on substantive issues, including the ones discussed  in this Insight.

ASIL Insights may be found on the ASIL Web Site.
Educational copying is permitted with due acknowledgement.

Thank you, #peace

United Nations Security Council 联合国安理会

United Nations Security Council 联合国安理会 (Photo credit: Yang and Yun’s Album)

Editor {Ace News Group}

#acenewsservices, #american-journal-of-international-law, #being-held-hostage, #entebbe, #entebbe-uganda, #flag-photo, #humanitarian-intervention, #israel, #kosovo, #libya, #middle-east, #politics, #security-council, #syria, #united-nations-charter, #united-nations-security-council