(TEHRAN) IAEA REPORT: Iran has confirmed that the country has expanded its production of weapons-grade uranium to 60 percent purity #AceNewsDesk report

#AceNewsReport – Aug.24: Foreign Ministry spokesperson Saeed Khatibzadeh said on August 18 that the actions are in response to the “non-implementation” of the nuclear agreement and U.S. sanctions…..

#AceDailyNews says Iran Confirms IAEA Report Saying It Has Accelerated Production Of Highly Enriched Uranium,” RFE/RL, August 18, 2021:

As soon as the 2015 Iran nuclear agreement is implemented in accordance with the nonproliferation treaty (NPT) and U.S. sanctions are lifted, Iran will resume its technical obligations under the agreement, he said on August 18, according to the ISNA news agency.

Iran announced in April that it planned to start enriching uranium at up to 60 percent purity from 20 percent in response an attack on the Natanz nuclear site that it blamed on Israel.

The move was one of a series of steps Iran took in violation of the 2015 nuclear accord after former President Donald Trump withdrew the United States from the deal and reimposed sanctions.

Talks to salvage the nuclear deal began in April in Vienna, but several rounds have failed to achieve a breakthrough, and the negotiations are currently on hold.

The talks involve representatives of the countries that signed the nuclear deal with Iran — China, France, Russia, Britain, the U.S., and Germany. The participation of the U.S. envoy is indirect.

A senior European Union official said earlier this month after Iran’s new president, Ebrahim Raisi, took office that Iran is ready to resume the talks as soon as early September….

Iran announced in January that it intended to research uranium-metal production, saying it was needed for a research reactor. The nuclear deal also banned Iran from producing uranium metal.

“Iran has no credible need to produce uranium metal, which has direct relevance to nuclear weapons development,” U.S. State Department spokesman Ned Price said in a statement late on August 16….

#AceNewsDesk report ……….Published: Aug.24: 2021:

Editor says …Sterling Publishing & Media Service Agency is not responsible for the content of external site or from any reports, posts or links, and can also be found here on Telegram: https://t.me/acenewsdaily all of our posts fromTwitter can be found here: https://acetwitternews.wordpress.com/ and all wordpress and live posts and links here: https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com

#iaea, #iran, #tehran, #uranium

(CANADA) Nuclear Safety Commision Report: Investigation into Lung Cancer Rates Among Uranium Workers #AceNewsDesk report

#AceNewsReport – July.26: The Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC) is leading a national study examining incidences of lung cancer in uranium workers from across the country.

#AceDailyNews says ….What’s happened to 80,000 people who have worked in Canada’s mines and processing facilities? According to to a Mother Jones by Charles Mandel

Mother Jones

This story was originally published by Canada’s National Observer and is reproduced here as part of the Climate Desk collaboration.

The Miner’s Memorial, a tribute to the mining history of Elliot Lake, Ont., includes a section honouring those who died as a result of working in the uranium mines.Luc Rivet / Wikimedia CommonsFight disinformation.

The Canadian Uranium Workers Study (CANUWS) will examine health data from 80,000 past and present employees at Canada’s uranium mines, mills and processing and fabrication facilities. The study, which is now underway and set to end in 2023, is the largest examination of lung cancer in Canadian uranium workers to date.

Rachel Lane, one of the lead researchers on the new study, told Canada’sNational Observer she believes it will reassure workers they face less risk than before from lung cancer arising from exposure to radon, an odorless, colorless, radioactive gas. Lane is a radiation and health scientist specialist at the CNSC in Ottawa and holds a PhD in epidemiology.

“The more we know about the health effects of uranium workers, especially now at the low levels of exposure they are having, the better we are able to ensure they’re healthy and (able) to protect them.”

Rachel Lane is a radiation and health scientist specialist at the CNSC in Ottawa co-leading a study into lung cancer rates in uranium miners.

Rachel Lane

The $800-million mining and milling uranium industry employs over 2,000 people—of whom more than half are residents of northern Saskatchewan—at mine sites. The researchers plan to examine causes of death in uranium workers from 1950 on and chart their cancer data from 1970 onwards, using research from previous studies.

The new study will build on the results of two historical studies: the Eldorado study and the Ontario Uranium Mine Workers Study, both of which found elevated risks of lung cancer in uranium workers. During numerous follow-ups ending in 2015, both studies found lung cancer among miners was still more prevalent than in the general population.

Those findings were a wake-up call that prompted uranium mine safety improvements, including mechanical ventilation in mines, greater monitoring of workers, and automation of some of the workers’ tasks. Researchers believe this next health study will show the risks have been addressed.

Higher Rates of Lung Cancer in Uranium Workers

Historically, uranium mining has proven a risky occupation. Past studies have found that overall, uranium workers are generally as healthy as other Canadians. However, deaths from lung cancer associated with radiation were historically higher for uranium workers than the general male population.

The most recent follow-up to the Eldorado study assessed radon exposure and incidences of death or cancer in 17,660 uranium workers employed at Eldorado mines from 1932 to 1980. The follow-up was done in 2010. It found a “statistically significant” increased risk of lung cancer with radon exposure but “no evidence of an increase in any other cancers or other causes of death.”

The authors noted evidence from the Eldorado study on the effects of low radon exposures and exposure rates helped them understand the long-term health effects experienced by current workers. As well, the study will advance researchers’ knowledge of, and help them address the health risks to people who have naturally occurring radon within their homes.

Lane was one of the lead researchers on the study, which was carried out by the CNSC.

In 2015, a follow-up to the 2007 Ontario Uranium Miner Cohort study was done. It examined approximately 28,546 male and 413 female uranium miners who had worked at least one week in the Elliot Lake and Bancroft regions or at the Agnew Lake Mine between 1954 and 1996.

The conclusion: “Significant elevations in lung cancer mortality and incidence, as well as silicosis and injury mortality were observed in comparison with the general Canadian population.”“Significant elevations in lung cancer mortality and incidence, as well as silicosis and injury mortality were observed in comparison with the general Canadian population.”

While the CNSC funded the study, researchers from the Occupational Cancer Research Centre in Toronto carried out the investigation.

The study now underway involves a team of health researchers led by Lane and Kristi Randhawa, a radiation and health sciences officer with the CNSC.

Anne Leis, the department head of Community Health and Epidemiology at the University of Saskatchewan, will administer the project and analyze the data. Her colleague, Punam Pahwa, a professor of biostatistics, will lead the statistical analysis of the health data.

Uranium mining companies Cameco, Orano, and BWXT are co-funding the study, contributing $60,000. The CNSC is providing $125,000, while the Saskatchewan government is kicking in $60,000, and the University of Saskatchewan is contributing $90,000 of in-kind funding.

Cameco’s McArthur River uranium mine in northern Saskatchewan.

Photo by Turgan at English Wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0)

The CNSC says a working group of radiation specialists, workers, unions, Indigenous community representatives, and others will look for ways to “keep the process and results relevant and meaningful.” As well, the final report will be peer-reviewed.

Lane notes past studies of uranium miners have contributed to the scientific understanding of the effects of radon, and radiation protection measures that “significantly reduce” workplace exposures to workers.

The CNSC says radon gas produced during mining and milling is constantly monitored, controlled, and safely ventilated away from the workers. “Presently, worker exposures to radon in the uranium mining and processing industry are as low as, or only slightly greater than, public exposure from natural radon,” the agency maintains.

Continuing to study the workers’ health allows researchers to examine particular issues in more detail, find answers to questions left from previous studies, and conduct further follow-up with miners throughout their lifespan.

The new study will address, among other things, the risk of low radon exposure among workers since radiation protection measures were put in place. Lane says researchers hope to see fewer incidences of lung cancer.

Uranium processing and fabrication workers will also be included in a study for the first time. “Their exposures are considerably lower, but they’re still an important group to study,” Lane said.

Concerns Over Possible Bias

While former employees and industry watchers applaud efforts to study the health of uranium workers, some are skeptical about the ability of CNSC to produce an unbiased report.

Jamie Kneen, communications and outreach coordinator at Mining Watch Canada, says it’s important to understand the longer-term impacts of radon on the miners. But he cautions that the peer review and oversight of the study must be carefully examined because it is being led by CNSC.

Kneen contends that for years, the CNSC has served both as a regulator and promoter of the nuclear industry. “Their tendency has been to extend license periods and to give operators, whether it’s in the uranium industry or the nuclear power industry, more space, more time in terms of licensing and more leeway rather than the kind of tight supervision and oversight that the public probably would expect.”

Therefore, it’s a question of scrutinizing who’s doing the work and reviewing the study to ensure that it really is independent, according to Kneen. He notes that’s a difficult task given that the methodology around radiation is intricate and that not many people can decipher the technical details.“It is concerning that health standards are set by physicists and industries, based on financial and technological convenience, rather than by those educated in and committed to public health and safety.”

“So there’s a lot of potential for not necessarily deliberate manipulation, but for error to creep in and biases to creep in.”

Rod Gardiner, a former general foreman at the now-defunct Cluff Lake Mine in Saskatchewan, expresses his own concerns about the industry. Gardiner was at the mine for 33 years, working his way up to general foreman and acting mine manager.

He alleges management at Cluff Lake, which was owned by the multinational mining corporation Orano Group, consistently boasted that working in the mine was as safe as working in a supermarket and putting prices on soup cans. “That’s what they used to say, the company.”

He hopes a new study might answer questions about workers’ health.

But others aren’t sure whether results will be trustworthy, primarily because the CNSC is partially funding and leading the study.

The CNSC’s work has been subject to just those kinds of complaints in the past.

Writing in the journal Canadian Family Physician in 2013, Dale Dewar and two other authors expressed concern over the CNSC’s ability to act independently of government and industry. The authors noted the former Conservative federal government fired the commission’s CEO when she applied safety guidelines to shut down the Chalk River reactor in Ontario.

The authors observed: “It is concerning that health standards are set by physicists and industries, based on financial and technological convenience, rather than by those educated in and committed to public health and safety.”

Dewar, a longtime general physician in northern Saskatchewan, recently told Canada’s National Observer: “They want to show that it doesn’t cause cancer. I think they want to find that result.”

Dewar expressed surprise that the CNSC has opted for a focused study when northerners have been asking for decades for a baseline health study to determine such things as whether or not there have been increases in autoimmune diseases or cancers that couldn’t be explained by diet, for example.

“I think not only is it virtually a sin that they’ve never done this, but I think it’s a really huge missed opportunity because if they had a study done like this, they would have researchers around the world trying to get information out of it.”

Lane dismisses the notion the CNSC study is too narrowly focused, arguing that all causes of death are examined. Firstly, she says researchers compare workers to the general population of Canada to see if they have any increased rate of diseases. Previously, the only radiation-related disease that showed an increase was lung cancer, Lane says.

“All other cancers and all other causes of death were not in excess compared to the general population.”

Lane notes in the last 20 years, researchers have looked for correlations between radon and leukemia, heart disease, and other illnesses, but haven’t seen any strong relationships. “We really only have seen strong evidence of a relationship between radon and lung cancer at high doses.”

Compensation for Uranium Workers

Another, less discussed issue is compensation for uranium miners. In the United States, the Radiation Exposure Compensation Act (RECA) administered by the Department of Justice has awarded over US$2.4 billion in benefits to more than 37,000 claimants since its introduction in 1990.

Among those qualifying for the benefits are uranium miners, millers and ore transporters who worked between 1942 and 1971, and who developed one of the types of diseases specified in the statute. Those include lung cancer and a number of respiratory diseases. The qualifying miners receive $100,000 each.

In Canada, no such compensation program exists.

Asked whether the current CNSC study might help open the way to compensation for uranium miners, Lane said that wasn’t anything she could address. “Right now our workers are healthy and the current knowledge of the health effects of radiation and the radiation protection measures are in place to adequately protect the workers.”

Candyce Paul, who lives on the English River First Nation in Saskatchewan, is a spokesperson for the Committee for Future Generations, a group that believes uranium workers should receive compensation. 

Candyce Paul

Candyce Paul, a spokesperson for the Committee for Future Generations, an anti-nuclear group in northern Saskatchewan, believes uranium workers who got cancer should receive compensation.

Paul lives on the English River First Nation in northern Saskatchewan and protested the proposal for a nuclear waste repository in the region. “Most of them (uranium miners) get exposed to this or that.

“And there’s never been any compensation for anybody.”

#AceNewsDesk report ………Published: July.26: 2021:

Editor says …Sterling Publishing & Media Service Agency is not responsible for the content of external site or from any reports, posts or links, and can also be found here on Telegram: https://t.me/acenewsdaily all of our posts fromTwitter can be found here: https://acetwitternews.wordpress.com/ and all wordpress and live posts and links here: https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com

#canada, #cancer, #cnsc, #investigation, #uranium

‘ TEHRAN CONFIRMS IT TESTED NEW CENTRIFUGE TO SPEED UP URANIUM ENRICHMENT ‘

#AceWorldNews – IRAN – Nov.12 – Iran has confirmed it tested a new centrifuge that could speed up its enrichment of uranium, Reuters reported.

Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Marzieh Afkham said such tests were conducted before the Geneva agreement between Iran and the world powers, and these have continued after the deal was reached.

The US said on Monday that Tehran had ceased the activity.

Iran dismisses suggestions the move may have violated last year’s nuclear deal with world powers.

The IR-5 was simply an ordinary piece of kit belonging to Iran’s Atomic Energy Organization, IRNA quoted Afkham as saying.

#ANS2014 

#centrifuge, #nuclear, #testing, #uranium, #world-powers

` Japan to Transfer a Share of the `Highly Enriched Uranium ‘ and `Weapon’s Grade Plutonium ‘ to the US ‘

#AceWorldNews – JAPAN – March 24 – Japan agreed to transfer a share of its highly enriched uranium and weapons grade plutonium stockpiles to the US as part of the global effort to secure nuclear materials.

Other nations are also urged to deposit excess nuclear materials in the US.

On the eve of the two-day Nuclear Security Summit (NSS) in The Hague, US and Japanese leaders arranged a deal on “final disposition” in the US of well over 300 kilograms of weapons grade plutonium and an unspecified quantity of Highly-Enriched-Uranium (HEU) that will be “sent to a secure facility and fully converted into less sensitive forms.”

This quantity of Plutonium is enough to produce 40-50 warheads.
The total quantity of HEU currently stocked in Japan is estimated at approximately 1.2 tons.

According to The New York Times, some 200 kilograms of HEU is currently designated for the US.

#ANS2014

#hague, #highly-enriched-uraniumheu, #japan, #japanese, #new-york-times, #nuclear-security-summit-nss, #plutonium, #uranium, #us

NSS : ` Moscow is concerned that ` Weapons -Grade-Fissile-Materials ‘ exits in Countries that have ` No ‘ Nuclear Weapons’

#AceWorldNews – THE HAGUE- March 24 – Moscow is concerned about the accumulation of weapons-grade fissile materials in some countries that have no nuclear weapons and hopes the United States will play a more active role in solving this issue, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said at the opening on the Nuclear Security Summit (NSS) in The Hague.

“Along with the programme to return fresh and irradiated highly-enriched uranium from Russian-design nuclear research reactors to Russia, launched in 2002, we have also been converting the cores of these reactors from using highly-enriched uranium to low-enriched uranium or halting their operation altogether,” the minister said.

“Over the past 12 years, 790 kilos of fresh and 1,289 kilos of irradiated highly-enriched Uranium have been transported from 14 countries: completely from nine countries and partially from five countries,” he said.

Russia “is concerned about the unjustified accumulation of weapons-grade fissile materials in some countries that possess no nuclear weapons.

They are in no hurry to get rid of them even though the above mentioned programme provides necessary possibilities for that,” Lavrov said.

Russian News and Media Sources

#ANS2014

#hague, #moscow, #nuclear-security-summit-nss, #russia-3, #russian, #russian-foreign-minister-sergey-lavrov, #summit, #tass, #uranium

Iran: “IAEA Inspectors Arrive in Tehran to Facilitate Implementation Towards Landmark Deal with Six other Powers”

#AceWorldNews says a team of inspectors from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) arrived in Tehran to facilitate implementation towards the landmark deal reached between Iran and the six world powers regarding the country’s uranium enrichment program, Reuters reports, citing the semi-official Fars news agency. The IAEA team, led by nuclear engineer Massimo Aparo, will visit the Natanz and Fordow nuclear facilities to ensure that Iran will stop enriching uranium to 20 percent and that its stockpile of enriched uranium is diluted. Under the terms of the agreement with the P5+1 – the five permanent members of the Security Council plus Germany – Iran will curtail its nuclear program in return from relief from international sanctions. The team is expected to start reporting back to the IAEA on Monday regarding its progress.

#germany, #iaea, #iran, #nuclear, #reuters, #security-council, #tehran, #uranium