(GENEVA) Srebrenica Massacre Report: Former Bosnian Serb commander Ratko Mladic has lost his appeal against a 2017 conviction for genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity #AceNewsDesk report

#AceNewsReport – June.10: The massacre, in an enclave supposed to be under UN protection, was the worst atrocity in Europe since World War Two.

Srebrenica Masssacre: UN court rejects Mladic genocide appeal upheld the life sentence for his role in the killing of about 8,000 Bosnian Muslim (Bosniak) men and boys in Srebrenica in 1995: Profile: The “Butcher of Bosnia”

What was the case against him?

Ratko Mladic
Ratko Mladic was in court to hear the verdict on Tuesday

25 years on – in pictures

It is not yet clear where Mladic will serve the rest of his sentence.

The five-person appeals panel in The Hague found Mladic had failed to provide evidence to invalidate the previous convictions against him, although the presiding judge dissented on almost all counts.

However, the appeals chamber also dismissed the appeal brought by the prosecution, which had sought a second conviction against Mladic over crimes committed against Bosnian Muslims and Bosnian Croats in some other areas during the war.

The verdict was delayed by technical difficulties, which continued throughout the session.

Mladic had denounced the tribunal during his appeal hearing in August, calling it a child of Western powers. His lawyers had argued he was far away from Srebrenica when the massacre happened.

Mladic, known as the “Butcher of Bosnia”, was one of the last suspects to face trial at the UN’s International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. He was arrested in 2011 after 16 years on the run.

In 2017 he was found guilty of genocide over Srebrenica, but acquitted of genocide over his army’s 1992 campaign, in which Bosniaks and Bosnian Croats were expelled from their homes or detained in appalling conditions.

ReutersMladic (L) was a general under Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic (1995 pic)

In 2016, the same court convicted former Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic of planning the Srebrenica massacre, among other crimes.

His initial 40-year sentence for genocide and war crimes was later increased to life in prison in 2019 – the remainder of which he will serve in the UK.

What has the reaction been?

Survivor Semso Osmanovic, who lost 23 family members in the massacre, told the BBC’s Guy De Launey that the verdict meant he finally felt able to return to his home town.

“I was living the whole of my life for this moment – to see justice being done by the international court. And hoping to bring my children and my wife to Srebrenica,” he said. “That’s the place I was born.” Bosnian Foreign Minister Bisera Turkovic: Glorification of genocide must be prohibited

Sehida Abdurahmanovic, whose husband was killed in Srebrenica, watched the verdict at a memorial centre in Potocari. 

“Mothers who barely hear, who can not see, those sick and can hardly walk, came to see this. As it was yesterday, everything is still fresh,” she told BBC News Serbian. 

“It is of utmost importance that he got this life sentence and that genocide in Srebrenica was confirmed.”

In Sarajevo, one Bosnian newspaper led its online coverage of the verdict with the headline: “Look at the butcher’s tears when he realises that he will die behind bars.”

But the reaction among Mladic’s supporters was very different.

The former general’s son, Darko Mladic, said his father “did not have a chance for a fair trial” and described the proceedings as “a travelling circus”.

The current president of the Bosnian Serb enclave, Zeljka Cvijanovic, said the tribunal had “once again confirmed its role as anti-Serb court, which establishes responsibility for war crimes not by evidence, but by the ethnicity of the indicted”.

Long wait for justice

Some of the survivors who travelled to The Hague hoped that Ratko Mladic would use his last public appearance to offer an apology that could help reconciliation in the still divided region. 

When the final judgment came, the man guilty of severing so many lives offered only silence.

Satko Mujagic, who survived the notorious Omarska death camp, told me: “I’m sorry to say but I really can see evil in his eyes, he has no sorry, he really feels nothing, he doesn’t care. He could have taken the floor and said I’m sorry it went so far. And it’s a shame because his ideology, of division of nationalism, of hatred, is still living and in many people after him.”

And one dissenting opinion, from the presiding judge, could inflame tensions and be used as ammunition by those who seek to deny the genocide and glorify the former general. 

Speaking outside court, chief prosecutor Serge Brammertz declared: “The time has come to accept the truth, Mladic ranks amongst the most notorious war criminals in modern history… and his name should be consigned to the list of history’s most depraved and barbarous figures.”

Reuters: Survivors waited for the verdict in Bosnia

What happened during the appeal?

The hearing in August had been delayed by Mladic’s health problems and coronavirus restrictions.

He remained defiant throughout, attacking both the court and the prosecutor.

Speaking about Srebrenica, he said he had signed an agreement with the Bosnian Muslim army to honour it and other protected areas, and suggested he was not to blame for any violation of these zones.

But prosecution lawyer Laurel Baig said Mladic had been convicted of some of “the most heinous crimes of the 20th Century”.

“Mladic was in charge of the Srebrenica operation,” she said. “He used the forces under his command to execute thousands of men and boys.”

A defence lawyer, Dragan Ivetic, denied his client had played a role, saying: “Mr Mladic is not a villain. He was someone who at all times was trying to help the UN do the job it couldn’t do in Srebrenica at a humanitarian level.”What happened at Srebrenica? Explained in under two minutes

How did the genocide happen?

Between 1991 and 1999 the socialist state of Yugoslavia broke up violently into separate entities covering the territories of what were then Serbia and Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia and Slovenia. 

Of all the conflicts, the war in Bosnia was the bloodiest as, ethnically and religiously, it was the most divided.

Yugoslav army units, withdrawn from Croatia and renamed the Bosnian Serb Army, carved out a huge swathe of Serb-dominated territory in Bosnia. 

AFPSurvivors marked the 25th anniversary of the massacre last year

More than a million Bosniaks and Croats were driven from their homes in so-called ethnic cleansing, and Serbs suffered too. By the time the war ended in 1995, at least 100,000 people had been killed. 

At the end of the war in 1995, Mladic went into hiding and lived in obscurity in Serbia, protected by family and elements of the security forces.

He was finally tracked down and arrested at a cousin’s house in rural northern Serbia in 2011.

#AceNewsDesk report ……Published: Jun.10: 2021:

Editor says #AceNewsDesk reports by https://t.me/acenewsdaily and all our posts, also links can be found at here for Twitter and Live Feeds https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/ and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com

#bosnian, #geneva, #genocide, #mladic, #srebrenica, #war-crimes

(ETHIPOIA) Tigray Latest Report An investigation by BBC Africa Eye has uncovered evidence that a massacre in northern Ethiopia was carried out by members of the Ethiopian military. It also reveals the precise location of the atrocity, in which at least 15 men were killed #AceNewsDesk report

#AceNewsReport – Apr.03: In early March, a series of five video clips surfaced on social media showing armed, uniformed men leading a group of unarmed men to the edge of a cliff, shooting some at point blank range, and pushing dead bodies over the cliff.Unarmed men in civilian clothes seen on the ground shortly before the massacre began:

Evidence suggests Ethiopian military carried out massacre in Tigray: ‘The BBC has confirmed that the massacre took place close to the town of Mahbere Dego in Ethiopia’s northern Tigray region, where the Ethiopian army is fighting the forces of the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), previously the region’s ruling party’

Africa Eye: BBC World ServiceFootage shows people in military uniforms shooting unarmed men

The fighting began last November when the government launched a military offensive against the TPLF, which Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed accused of attacking a government military base. The TPLF is opposed to efforts by Mr Abiy to increase the power of the federal government, and has said it is committed to “extended resistance”.

The conflict has so far displaced more than two million people, according to Tigray’s interim administration, and left more than four million people in need of aid.

Geo-locating the footage

The BBC Africa Eye investigations team, working together with analysts from the media outlets Bellingcat and Newsy, set out to establish where the massacre took place. 

The first people to post the clips to social media claimed they were filmed near Mahbere Dego. Africa Eye analysed geographical features seen in the videos, including a dirt road, a plateau, and an escarpment with a distinctive profile, and compared them with satellite imagery of the area around the town.An escarpment with a distinctive profile was used to compare the footage with satellite imagery

The direction and length of shadows cast by the armed men helped to pinpoint the likely time of day and showed that the escarpment was oriented north-south, allowing Africa Eye to identify a likely location.

A ridgeline in the video footage was then overlaid on a topographical map of the location to confirm it was an exact match. A dry riverbed, band of vegetation, and pattern of trees further confirmed the match.Footage from one of the video clips was overlaid on a 3D rendering of the terrain to find a matchVegetation seen in the footage was matched against the 3D satellite model

The BBC spoke by phone to a resident of Mahbere Dego, who said the Ethiopian army took away 73 men from the town and surrounding area in January this year, including three of his relatives. He said none of them had been heard from since.

The BBC also spoke to a resident in a neighbouring village who said that his brother was among those killed in this massacre. He said that the killings took place in Mahbere Dego, and gave the same month: January 2021 – the government had declared victory in the conflict in November.

“They killed them at the cliff,” he said.

Identifying the armed men and victims

Africa Eye was not able to confirm the identities of the armed men seen in the video footage, but the details of their uniforms – including the camouflage pattern and arm badge in the colour of the Ethiopian flag – appear to match those worn by the Ethiopian National Defence Force (ENDF). 

Other features also match the ENDF uniform, including the cut and style of the pockets. One of the armed men wears a green beret bearing an insignia that appears to closely match the colour and insignia of the ENDF beret.Badges in the colour of the Ethiopian flag and the specific camouflage patterns seen on the armed men in the footage (right) match those worn by ENDF soldiers (left).

The armed men are speaking Amharic, the main official language of Ethiopia. In the first of the five video clips, they can be heard speaking to one another as they stand around the group of unarmed men, who are seated on the floor.

“We should not free these people. Not even one of them should be spared,” says a voice off camera.

“We have to get this on video, how these people die,” says another voice. 

More about the conflict in Tigray:

The next four clips show the unarmed men being led at gunpoint towards the cliff edge, and capture the armed men killing several prisoners and pushing the bodies of the dead over the cliff.

In some sections of the footage, the gunmen can be seen firing bullets from close range into the bodies. In others they can be heard insulting and mocking the dead.

“I wish we could pour gas over them and burn them,” says a voice off camera in one clip.

“It would have been great if there was gas to burn these people,” replies a second voice. “Burn their bodies like the Indians do.”

The identity of the victims, who are seen wearing civilian clothes, is not known. They can be heard speaking Tigrinya, the language of the Tigray region. In the footage, the killers appear to suggest they believe the victims belong to the TPLF. 

“This is the end of woyane,” says a voice of one of the armed men, using a slang term for the TPLF. 

Getty ImagesDisplaced people at a temporary shelter in Tigray last month

Laetitia Bader, the Horn of Africa director for Human Rights Watch, told the BBC that observers had seen “a whole magnitude of very serious abuses” in the region in recent months, but that this footage was “obviously particularly alarming”. 

“We see what appear to be unarmed detained men, who are being executed,” she said. “This is absolutely an incident that requires further investigation, because what we are seeing here in these videos could amount to war crimes.”

The BBC put the evidence it had gathered to the Ethiopian government, which said in a statement that “social media posts and claims cannot be taken as evidence”, adding that the Tigray region was “open for independent investigations to be undertaken”.

Investigation by Aliaume Leroy, Giancarlo Fiorella (Bellingcat), and Jake Godin (Newsy).

Additional reporting by Daniel Adamson, Joel Gunter, Chiara Francavilla, Bertram Hill, Carlos Gonzales, Mohammed Osman, Samir, and Leila Nathoo.

#AceNewsDesk report ………..Published: Apr.03: 2021:

Editor says #AceNewsDesk reports by https://t.me/acenewsdaily and all our posts, also links can be found at here for Twitter and Live Feeds https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/ and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com

#ethiopia, #tigray, #war-crimes

(GENEVA) UN Report: The human rights chief said Thursday that her office had corroborated grave violations that could amount to “war crimes and crimes against humanity” in Ethiopia’s Tigray region, including by Eritrean troops #AceNewsDesk report

#AceNewsReport – Mar.05: Her office had “managed to corroborate information about some of the incidents that occurred in November last year, indicating indiscriminate shelling in Mekelle, Humera and Adigrat towns in Tigray region.”

UN to investigate war crimes in Ethiopia: ‘Michelle Bachelet stressed in a statement the urgent need for an independent investigation into the situation in Tigray, which has been rocked by months of fighting’ It had also verified “reports of grave human rights violations and abuses including mass killings in Axum, and in Dengelat in central Tigray by Eritrean armed forces,” it said’

March 04, 2021 10:10:

A preliminary analysis of the information indicated that “serious violations of international law, possibly amounting to war crimes and crimes against humanity, may have been committed by multiple actors in the conflict,” the statement warned.
Those actors included the Ethiopian National Defense Forces, the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), Eritrean armed forces, and Amhara Regional Forces and affiliated militia, it said.
“With multiple actors in the conflict, blanket denials and finger-pointing, there is a clear need for an objective, independent assessment of these reports,” Bachelet said.

She urged the Ethiopian government to grant her office and other United Nations investigators access to Tigray “with a view to establishing the facts and contributing to accountability, regardless of the affiliation of perpetrators.”

The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights pointed out that her office was continuing to receive information of ongoing fighting in central Tigray in particular: She lamented “deeply distressing reports of sexual and gender-based violence, extrajudicial killings, widespread destruction and looting of public and private property by all parties.”

“ Without prompt, impartial and transparent investigations and holding those responsible accountable, I fear violations will continue to be committed with impunity, and the situation will remain volatile for a long time to come,” she said.
Bachelet also voiced concern at the detentions this week in Tigray of journalists and translators working for local and international media, including AFP.
While they had been released, she pointed to worrying remarks by a government official that those responsible for “misleading international media” would be held responsible.

“ Victims and witnesses of human rights violations and abuses must not be hindered from sharing their testimony for fear of reprisals,” she said.
Tigray has been gripped by fighting since early November 2020, when Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed announced military operations against the TPLF, accusing them of attacking federal army camps.
Abiy — who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2019 — declared victory after pro-government troops took the regional capital Mekele in late November, although the TPLF vowed to fight on, and clashes have persisted in the region: The presence of Eritrean troops in the Tigray conflict has been widely documented but has been denied by both countries.

#AceNewsDesk report …………Published: Mar.06: 2021:

Editor says #AceNewsDesk reports by https://t.me/acenewsdaily and all our posts, also links can be found at here for Twitter and Live Feeds https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/ and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC

#humanitarian, #united-nations, #war-crimes

JERUSALEM: ‘ NETANYAHU SAYS WE WILL NOT LET IDF BE DRAGGED TO ICC ON WAR CRIMES CHARGES ‘

#AceWorldNews – JERUSALEM:Jan.05: Israel will not permit its soldiers to be hauled in front of the International Criminal Court on potential war crimes charges, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said on Sunday AFP reported.

He continued: “We will not let Israel Defense Forces (army) soldiers and officers be dragged to the International Criminal Court in The Hague,” Netanyahu said at the start of the weekly cabinet meeting, two days after the Palestinians filed an application to become a party to the court.

This followed a report by Rights Group and reported by Maan News Agency: RAMALLAH (AFP) — The first case Palestine will refer to the International Criminal Court will be the crimes Israel committed during the summer of 2014, including the Gaza war, a legal expert said Sunday.

His remarks were made after Israel froze the transfer of half a billion shekels ($127 million) in tax revenues to the Palestinian Authority in the first of what officials said would be a series of punitive steps following the Palestinian move.

#ANS2015

#international-criminal-court-icc, #war-crimes

HAGUE: ‘ Radovan Karadzic Denies he Knew of the Execution of Prisoners at Srebrenica ‘

#AceWorldNews – HAGUE – October 02 – Former Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic “did not know” of the 1995 massacre of thousands of Muslims at Srebrenica, AFP quoted his lawyer as saying Thursday.

“There is not a single piece of evidence that Dr. Karadzic planned or ordered the execution of prisoners [at Srebrenica], or that he knew about it,” legal advisor Peter Robinson told the Hague-based Yugoslav War Crimes Court.

He is seeking an acquittal of Karadzic on charges of genocide.

The verdict in the five-year trial is not expected before late 2015.

#ANS2014

#bosnian, #hague, #radovan-karadzic, #srebrenica, #war-crimes, #yugoslavia

‘ Mahmoud Abbas Accuses Israel of War Crimes’

AceWorldNews – NEW YORK – September 26 – Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas accused Israel on Friday of conducting a “war of genocide” and a “series of absolute war crimes” during the 50-day summer conflict in Gaza, but stopped short of saying he will pursue war crime charges against the Jewish state at the International Criminal Court AP reported. 

In his speech at the U.N. General Assembly, Abbas also said he will seek a U.N. resolution to set a deadline for Israel to pull out of Palestinian lands captured in the 1967 war but did not include a three-year deadline as his aides had said he would.

#ANS2014

#aceworldnews, #gaza, #genocide, #international-criminal-court-icc, #jewish, #mahmoud-abbas, #new-york, #war-crimes

Campaigners Demand End To War Zone Rapes


Interactive Image: Global Experiences Of Rape In War

Campaigners against rape in war are gathering in London in an attempt to bring those responsible for 220 million sex crimes every year to justice. Actress Angelina Jolie is co-hosting the Global Summit to End Sexual Violence in Conflict with Foreign Secretary William Hague. It promises to be the largest ever gathering of its kind, with more than 140 countries taking part. The aim is to make sexual violence in war zones as unacceptable as chemical weapons and cluster munitions. Every year, 150 million girls and women are raped in conflict around the world, along with 70 million men and boys, and the overwhelming majority of them never get justice.


Angelina Jolie and William Hague are co-hosting the London summit

Mr Hague told Sky News: “This is an unacceptable crime practiced on a vast scale. “What we’re trying to achieve is standards on documentation so that people don’t get away with it.” Under the UK’s presidency, the G8 last year declared rape and serious sexual violence in conflict as grave breaches of the Geneva Convention, as well as war crimes. Some 144 world governments have now endorsed the declaration. The London Summit wants to seize that momentum and turn it into practical action to prevent rape and help victims. One of the speakers will be Poline Akello, who was abducted from her home in Uganda when she was just 14.


Poline Akello was abducted from her home in Uganda and raped

Forced by the army of notorious warlord Joseph Kony to become a child soldier, she survived six years in the bush where she was given to one of Kony’s commanders. “I knew it wasn’t the right time for me,” she said. “My body wasn’t mature enough but they took my virginity.” Poline became pregnant but her baby did not survive and she was not allowed to hold or bury her child. “I wasn’t allowed to mourn,” she said. “If you cried, they would kill you.” Rob Williams, the director of Warchild, a charity set up to help children affected by war, said: “When you see emergencies on television, you see the food, health and shelter crises. “What you are not seeing are the hidden dangers of fleeing from conflict – the armed groups looking for people to rape, or the deeply traumatised civilian groups where the worst aspects of human behaviour come out. “It will not always be men in uniform, it will not always be used as a weapon of war and it will not always be against women.” The summit, which is being held at ExCeL London, will run until Thursday and includes dozens of free events which will be open to the public. Around 200 foreign, defence and development ministers have been invited to attend, along with experts from courts, charities and the military

#angelina-jolie, #angelina-jolie-and-william-hague, #charities-and-the-military, #foreign-secretary-william-hague, #london, #london-summit, #sexual-violence, #war-crimes, #war-zone-rapes, #william-hague