(ITALY) #ClimateChange Report: Sicily may have registered highest temperature in Europe ever recorded at 48.8C(119.8F) as wildfires spread across swathes of the countryside #AceNewsDesk report

#AceNewsReport – Aug.14: Regional authorities reported the reading, which needs to be verified by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), near Syracuse on Wednesday. ….

#AceDailyNews says that Italy may have registered Europe’s hottest temperature on record where the Italian island of Sicily may have registered the hottest temperature ever recorded in Europe – 48.8C (119.8F) needs to be verified by WMO …

A firefighter battles the flames after a wildfire broke out in Petralia Soprana, Italy, 10 August 2021
The Mediterranean heatwave has led to the spread of wildfires across southern Italy

IPCC Reported on Monday saying human activity was making extreme weather events more common.

According to the WMO, the current official record in Europe is 48C, registered in Athens, Greece, in 1977.

The latest heatwave in Italy is being caused by an anticyclone – nicknamed Lucifer – moving up from Africa.

Anticyclones are areas of high atmospheric pressure where the air is sinking.

Lucifer is forecast to head north across mainland Italy, further raising temperatures in cities including the capital, Rome. 

Italy’s health ministry has issued “red” alerts for extreme heat in several regions and the number of cities that face the highest health risk is expected to rise from eight to 15 by Friday. 

The Mediterranean heatwave, which has seen some countries record their highest temperatures in decades, has led to the spread of wildfires across southern Italy, with Sicily, Calabria and Puglia the worst-hit regions.

Italian firefighters on Wednesday said they had been involved in more than 300 operations in Sicily and Calabria over a 12-hour period, battling through the night to control blazes burning thousands of acres of land.

Three fire-related deaths – two in Calabria and one in Sicily – have been reported by Italian media:

Separately, wildfires are continuing across Greece, fuelled by strong winds and parched vegetation. Foreign teams are helping to tackle blazes in what Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis has described as a “nightmarish summer”. 

Climate change increases the risk of the hot, dry weather that is likely to fuel wildfires: How are they linked to climate change?

The world has already warmed by about 1.2C since the industrial era began and temperatures will keep rising unless governments around the world make steep cuts to emissions here is a really simple guide to climate change

#AceNewsDesk report ……Published: Aug.14: 2021:

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World Metreological Organisation `WMO’ says `2013 Was the Sixth Warmest Year Since 1850″ .

#AceNewsServices says `2013 was the sixth warmest year since 1850, tied with 2007, confirming? Inexorable warming of the planet, according to statistics from the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).

wmo_StatementAs the AFP has reported the average surface temperature of land and oceans exceeded 0.50 ° C calculated on the normal period 1961-1990 and 0.03 ° C above the average for the last decade (2001-2010), says the WMO, a United Nations agency based in Geneva . “The average temperature in 2013 confirms the warming trend over the long-term,” said the Secretary-General of WMO Michel Jarraud. “It is an undeniable reality even if the rate of warming is not uniform.

Given the records concentrations of greenhouse gas emissions that are measured in the atmosphere, increasing temperatures will continue over several generations, “said meteorologist. “Our action or inaction to reduce emissions of carbon dioxide and other gases greenhouse will shape the state of our planet for our children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren, “warned Mr. Jarraud yet. ‘s surface temperature is a well-known and measured meteorological variable notes WMO but it is only one aspect of the changes under-way for more than 90% of the additional heat caused by humans is absorbed by the oceans.

® (2013) AFP – All rights reserved and representation.

 

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2012 Greenhouse Gases in the Atmosphere Reached All Time High Driving Forward Climate Change

Global Warming 1/2

Global Warming 1/2 (Photo credit: lamazone)

The amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere reached a record high in 2012, continuing an upward trend which is driving climate change and which will shape the future of the planet for hundreds and thousands of years, according to the United Nations World Meteorological Organization (WMO).

The agency’s annual Greenhouse Gas Bulletin shows that between 1990 and 2012, there was a 32 per cent increase in radiative forcing – the warming effect on the climate – because of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other heat-trapping long-lived gases such as methane and nitrous oxide.

Carbon dioxide, mainly from fossil fuel-related emissions, accounted for 80 per cent of this increase, WMO stated in a news release. The atmospheric increase of CO<sub>2</sub> from 2011 to 2012 was higher than its average growth rate over the past 10 years.

What is happening in the atmosphere, said the Geneva-based WMO, is “one part of a much wider picture.” Only about half of the CO2 emitted by human activities remains in the atmosphere, with the rest being absorbed in the biosphere and in the oceans.

The latest findings “highlight yet again how heat-trapping gases from human activities have upset the natural balance of our atmosphere and are a major contribution to climate change,” <“http://www.wmo.int/pages/mediacentre/press_releases/pr_980_en.html“>said WMO Secretary-General Michel Jarraud.

He recalled that the UN-backed Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) stressed in its recent Fifth Assessment Report that atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide have increased to levels unprecedented in at least the last 800,000 years.

“As a result of this, our climate is changing, our weather is more extreme, ice sheets and glaciers are melting and sea levels are rising,” said Mr. Jarraud.

He underscored that limiting climate change will require large and sustained reductions of greenhouse gas emissions. “We need to act now, otherwise we will jeopardize the future of our children, grandchildren and many future generations,” said Mr. Jarraud. “Time is not on our side,” he added.

Greenhouse Gases

Greenhouse Gases (Photo credit: CECAR – Climate and Ecosystems Change Adaptation R)

The Greenhouse Gas Bulletin reports on atmospheric concentrations – and not emissions – of greenhouse gases. Emissions represent what goes into the atmosphere, the agency pointed out. Concentrations represent what remains in the atmosphere after the complex system of interactions between the atmosphere, biosphere and the oceans.

At the same time, the Emissions Gap Report 2013, involving 44 scientific groups coordinated by the UN Environment Programme (UNEP), urges wide-ranging global action to close the emissions gap.
If the international community fails to take action, the report warned, the chances of remaining on the least-cost path to keeping global temperature rise below 2 degrees Celsius this century will quickly diminish and open the door to a range of challenges.

Under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), governments have agreed to limit the global temperature rise to 2 degrees Celsius to avoid the worst impacts of climate change.

The report, which was released yesterday as leaders prepare to meet for the upcoming UN Climate Change Conference in Warsaw, finds that although pathways exist that could reach the 2-degree Celsius target with higher emissions, not narrowing the gap will exacerbate mitigation challenges after 2020.

This will mean much higher rates of global emission reductions in the medium term; greater lock-in of carbon-intensive infrastructure; greater dependence on often unproven technologies in the medium term; greater costs of mitigation in the medium and long-term; and greater risks of failing to meet the 2-degree Celsius target.

“As the report highlights, delayed actions mean a higher rate of climate change in the near term and likely more near-term climate impacts, as well as the continued use of carbon-intensive and energy-intensive infrastructure,” said UNEP Executive Director Achim Steiner.

“This ‘lock-in’ would slow down the introduction of climate-friendly technologies and narrow the developmental choices that would place the global community on the path to a sustainable, green future.

“However,” he added, “the stepping stone of the 2020 target can still be achieved by strengthening current pledges and by further action, including scaling up international cooperation initiatives in areas such as energy efficiency, fossil fuel subsidy reform and renewable energy.”

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