@AceBreakingNews ‘ #FIFA Corruption Scandal Documents Show Details of Jack Warner’s Bribes ‘

#AceBreakingNews – Featured Report:#FIFA:June.07: A BBC investigation has seen evidence that details what happened to the $10m sent from Fifa to accounts controlled by former vice-president Jack Warner.

The money, sent on behalf of South Africa, was meant to be used for its Caribbean diaspora legacy programme.

But documents suggest Mr Warner used the payment for cash withdrawals, personal loans and to launder money.

The 72-year-old, who has been indicted by the FBI for corruption, denies all claims of wrongdoing.

The papers seen by the BBC detail three wire transfers by Fifa.

In the three transactions – on 4 January, 1 February and 10 March 2008 – funds totalling $10m (£6.5m) from Fifa accounts were received into Concacaf accounts controlled by Jack Warner.

At the time, he was in charge of the body, which governs football in North and Central America and the Caribbean.

Personal payouts

The money had been promised by South Africa’s Football Association for its so-called diaspora legacy programme to develop football in the Caribbean.

The documents detail exactly how and when the money was transferred

The documents reveal how the money was spent and moved around.

JTA Supermarkets, a large chain in Trinidad, received $4,860,000 from the accounts.

The money was paid in instalments from January 2008 to March 2009. The largest payment was $1,350,000 paid in February 2008.

US prosecutors say the money was mostly paid back to Mr Warner in local currency.

Jack Warner: The US charge sheet

Jack Warner has promised to reveal more details about what went on at Fifa

  • Accused of racketeering, wire fraud, money laundering, bribery

  • From the early 1990s, he allegedly “began to leverage his influence and exploit his official positions for personal gain”

  • Allegedly accepted a $10m bribe from South African officials in return for voting to award them the 2010 World Cup

  • Allegedly bribed officials with envelopes each containing $40,000 in cash; when one demurred, he allegedly said: “There are some people here who think they are more pious than thou. If you’re pious, open a church, friends. Our business is our business”

Key questions answered

Chuck Blazer: Fifa ‘supergrass’

Who are the indicted officials?

Fifa in crisis – Special Reports

The BBC gave details of its investigation to Brent Sancho, Trinidad and Tobago’s sports minister and a former footballer.

He said: “He [Mr Warner] must face justice, he must answer all of these questions. Justice has to be served.

“He will have to account, with this investigation, he will have to answer for his actions.”

The documents also show $360,000 of the Fifa money was withdrawn by people connected to Mr Warner.

Huge sums of money were used to pay off credit cards and personal loans

A Trinidad supermarket received almost $5m

Nearly $1.6m was used to pay the former Fifa vice-president’s credit cards and personal loans.

The documents show the largest personal loan Mr Warner provided for himself was $410,000.

The largest credit card payment was $87,000.

Mr Sancho says he is now angry and disappointed.

“I’m devastated because a lot of that money should have been back in football, back in the development of children playing the sport.

“It is a travesty. Mr Warner should answer the questions,” he added.

‘The gloves are off’

Jack Warner is one of 14 people charged by US prosecutors over alleged corruption at Fifa.

The US Justice department alleges the 14 accepted bribes and kickbacks estimated at more than $150m (£97m) over a 24-year period.

Mr Warner denies all charges of corruption.

The Fifa executives indicted include – Rafael Esquivel, Nicolas Leoz, Jeffrey Webb, Jack Warner, Eduardo Li, Eugenio Figueredo and Jose Maria Marin

He resigned from Fifa’s executive committee and all other football commitments in 2011 amid allegations he had bribed his Caribbean associates.

He later stepped down as Trinidad and Tobago’s security minister amid a fraud inquiry.

A key figure in the deepening scandal, in a recent statement he said he had given lawyers documents outlining the links between Fifa, its funding, himself and the 2010 election in Trinidad and Tobago. He said the transactions also included Mr Blatter.

“I will no longer keep secrets for them who actively seek to destroy the country,” he said in an address on Trinidadian TV last week entitled “The gloves are off”.

Speaking to his supporters at a rally later the same day, he promised an “avalanche” of revelations to come.

Mr Warner, who faces extradition to the US, was released on bail after handing himself in to police in the Trinidad and Tobago capital Port of Spain last week.

He says he is an innocent scapegoat who will soon reveal the truth of what happened inside Fifa.

The announcement of the FBI charges in late May has driven Fifa into its greatest crisis; last week its president, Sepp Blatter announced he was stepping down, only days after being re-elected to a fifth term.

BBC Breaking Report: Additional reporting by Ashley Semler and Peter Murtaug

@AceNewsServices

#2010-fifa-world-cup, #2014-fifa-world-cup, #brazil, #chuck-blazer, #federal-bureau-of-investigation, #fifa, #fifa-executive-committee, #fifa-world-cup, #greg-dyke, #international-olympic-committee, #jack-warner, #jack-warner-football-executive, #sepp-blatter

BRAZIL: ‘ LUIS FERNANDO DE SOUZA WINS GUBERNATORIAL RACE ‘

#AceWorldNews – BRAZIL – October 27 – Incumbent governor Luis Fernando de Souza, most commonly known as Pezão (‘Bigfoot’ in Portuguese), won the gubernatorial race in Rio de Janeiro against Marcelo Crivella.

Re-elected governor thanks his former running mate, Sergio Cabral, who resigned earlier this year.

According to election officials, Pezão received 55.78 percent of the valid votes against Crivella’s 44.22 percent.

#ANS2014 

#brazil, #rio-de-janeiro

BRAZIL: ‘ DILMA ROUSSEF WINS ELECTION BY NARROWEST OF MARGINS ‘

#AceWorldNews – BRAZIL – October 27 – Incumbent President Dilma Rousseff won re-election on Sunday by a straight margin over opposition candidate Aecio Neves.

In the closest race since 1985, incumbent president wins a second four-year term.

With 99.7 percent of votes counted Rousseff obtained 51.6 percent of the valid votes while Neves received 48.4 percent.

According to the TSE (Brazil’s Electoral Court) twenty percent of voters did not show up at the polling stations, voted blank or annulled their votes.

#ANS2014

#brazil

BRAZIL: PRISONERS TAKE 12 GUARDS HOSTAGE IN RIOT AT GUARAPUAVA PRISON ‘

#AceBreakingNews – BRAZIL – October 14 – Brazil prisoners took at least 12 guards hostage in a riot at the Guarapuava prison, located in the southern state of Parana. “Twelve guards are being held hostage along with a group of inmates — we don’t know how many,” AFP quoted regional Secretary of State for Justice Elson Faxina as saying.

At least 12 prison guards taken hostage in Brazil’s prison riot

At least 12 prison guards taken hostage in Brazil’s prison riot

Some media reports said that more than 170 people were captured.

The reasons behind the latest riot have not been established. “We don’t know what is behind the rioting,” Faxina added.

The uprising began on Monday when prisoners attacked the guards during a work detail. It is not yet clear if there were any injuries in the prison, which houses almost 250 inmates.

Local television footage showed prisoners wearing hoods, armed with knives and clubs, on the roof along with the captured guards, who were no longer wearing their uniforms.

The Parana state justice secretariat is in charge with negotiating with the prisoners.

This incident follows another major prison riot in Parana’s town of Cascavel in August, which saw five inmates killed, two of them beheaded.

AFP – RT – AP – LOCAL MEDIA 

#ANS2014

#brazil

BRAZIL: ‘ Two Leftist Women Fight it Out in Presidential Election as Millions Cast Their Ballot’s ‘

#AceNewsServices – BRAZIL (SÃO PAULO) – October 05  – The twists and turns in Brazil’s presidential race end Sunday, at least for a few hours, as millions of Brazilians cast ballots in an election expected to force a three-week run-off campaign between incumbent Dilma Rousseff and one of her two top challengers AP reported.  

Português: Dilma Rousseff faz o primeiro pronu...

Português: Dilma Rousseff faz o primeiro pronunciamento como presidente eleita do Brasil (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Rousseff held a commanding lead in all recent opinion polls, with her support rising to 46 percent in a survey released Saturday. But it was thought unlikely she could push through to win the absolute majority required to avoid a second-round election.

Brazil’s next president is likely to be a left-leaning woman with a compelling life story. The only question is which one: the incumbent or her chief challenger?

As Brazilians prepare to go to the polls Sunday, the presidential race has become a surprisingly close contest between the country’s current leader, Dilma Rousseff, and challenger Marina Silva, who wasn’t even a candidate for president until less than two months ago.

English: 2010 Brazilian presidential candidate...

English: 2010 Brazilian presidential candidates Dilma Rousseff, José Serra, and Marina Silva. Português do Brasil: Os candidatos à Presidência da República em 2010, Dilma Rousseff, José Serra e Marina Silva. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Silva had been the running mate of Brazilian Socialist Party presidential candidate Eduardo Campos, who trailed badly in the polls when he died in a plane crash Aug. 13.

Since then, Silva, 56, has surged in popularity, in part because of her background — born to a large impoverished, illiterate family in the Amazon, and overcame diseases and menial jobs to become a successful political leader.

Family of Brazilian president Dilma Rousseff (...

Family of Brazilian president Dilma Rousseff (left to right): Igor (brother), Dilma Jane Silva (mother), Dilma Rousseff (as a child), Zana Lúcia (sister), and Pedro Rousseff (originally Pétar Rusév; her Bulgarian father). (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Rousseff’s background is no less intriguing. The daughter of an affluent Bulgarian immigrant turned lawyer-businessman, Rousseff, 66, became a Marxist guerrilla opposed to Brazil’s military dictatorship and was jailed while in her 20s. She rose through the political ranks to become Brazil’s first female president in 2011.

Until Silva’s surge in the polls, Rousseff had seemed a shoo-in for a second term despite a corruption scandal involving two dozen leading members of her ruling Workers Party (PT) and protests over the more than $13 billion Brazil spent to host the soccer World Cup tournament this year.

Surveys show the two women would be the top two finishers in Sunday’s election, which means they would compete head-to-head in the second round, in which Rousseff holds leads of varying sizes, according to the polls.

In recent days, polls have shown  Rousseff  gaining on Silva, sending Brazil’s stock market and currency down on investors’ fears that a continuation of her market-interventionist policies will fail to spark an economic turnaround.

Source:

#ANS2014 

#brazil, #dilma-rousseff, #marina-silva, #sao-paulo

‘ Declaration on Forests Good for Business or Environment ‘

#AceNewsServices – September 25 – Everything I’ve been reading about the U.N. Climate Summit had been making me pretty gloomy, until I read about the New York Declaration on Forests.

The first notice was a press release from the Rainforest Action Network informing me that Cargill, the agribusiness giant, had pledged “to protect forests in all of Cargill’s agricultural supply chains and to endorse the New York Declaration on Forests.” Cargill has a big hand-print — they have soy silos in Brazil and palm oil plants in Malaysia.

So as of now, if you want to carve a farm out of the jungle, you’re going to get the cold shoulder from a company that is a prime connector to world markets.

And this isn’t limited to hot-button crops like soy and oil palm.

 Here’s what Cargill’s CEO Dave MacLennan said at the U.N.: “We understand that this sort of commitment cannot be limited to just select commodities or supply chains,” said MacLennan. “That’s why Cargill will take practical measures to protect forests across our agricultural supply chains around the world.”

It’s not just Cargill. Kellogg’s, Unilever, Nestle, Asia Pulp and Paper, General Mills, Danone, Walmart, McDonalds, and many other corporations have committed to the New York Declaration on Forests. But, here’s why Cargill is interesting: It’s making a concrete pledge, while the actual declaration is pretty mushy at this point.

The declaration calls for ending forest loss by 2030. And, to quote a U.N. brief: “It also calls for restoring forests and crop-lands of an area larger than India. Meeting these goals would cut between 4.5 and 8.8 billion tons of carbon pollution every year — about as much as the current emissions of the United States.” Or about as much as taking all the cars in the world off the roads — that’s another comparison I’ve seen.

The details are supposed to be hammered out in time for the 2015 convention in Paris.

Okaaay. Does anyone care about a non-binding declaration of voluntary goals? Not me. But it does give me hope to see a company commit to something tangible — like upending the incentive it created for people to cut down forests. Usually the way these things work is that everyone agrees on the goals, and then no one is willing to make sacrifices to reach those goals. But this time we have a major player saying at the outset: “Not only do we support these goals, here’s how we plan to achieve them.”

Of course, Cargill could say all these nice things and then do nothing. But that would be a lousy PR strategy. If it doesn’t follow through, it goes from being just another business-as-usual foot-dragger in the crowd to a recalcitrant liar that put a spotlight on itself.

Activists have been pressuring Cargill for years, and now that it’s made itself news, journalists like me are going to be watching its environmental progress.

There has been a cascade of companies announcing that they are going to eliminate palm-oil deforestation from their products. It feels like a tipping point. When no one cares, there’s a big economic penalty for being the first company to act ethically while all the others quietly capitalize on the easy profits it’s giving up.

But once a critical mass of companies begins to do the right thing, the economic penalty instead falls on the laggards. It’s easy to act unethically in a crowd, but if you are among a small group of villains, it starts getting hard to find customers who want to support you.

I would not be surprised to see other companies stepping up with actual plans for reforming their supply chains.

This declaration of forests could just be the real thing.

Source:

#ANS2014

#brazil, #malaysia, #new-york-declaration-on-forests, #rainforest-action-network, #u-n-climate-summit, #united-nations

‘ Tourist Boat Capsizes in Paraguay River ‘

#AceWorldNews – PARAGUAY – September 25 – At least three people were dead and 15 were missing after a tourist boat capsized in the Paraguay River during a storm, authorities said Wednesday night.

' Tourist Boat on Pantanal Wetlands fishing Trip '

‘ Tourist Boat on Pantanal Wetlands ‘

The boat was carrying 11 Paraguayan crew members and 16 Brazilian tourists as the incident happened at the town of Carmelo Peralta in northern Paraguay, AP said.

They were on a fishing expedition to the Pantanal, a wetlands region straddling the border with Brazil about 600km north of Paraguay’s capital, Asuncion.

Nine of the 27 people on the boat had been able to swim to shore after the vessel turned over.

AP – RT 

#ANS2014

#brazil, #paraguay

BRAZIL: ‘ BRICS Country Steps Up To Lend a Hand to Russian Market to Meet Demand for Poultry ‘

#AceWorldNews – BRAZIL (Rio De Janeiro) – August 07 – Brazil poultry farms quite easily can meet the demand for chicken on the Russian market in connection with the Russian decision to halt agriculture imports from some countries, Brazilian Animal Protein Association President Francisco Turra said on Wednesday.

Russia bans import of European dairy products, cheese – source

The Brazilian capacities allow supplying additional 150,000 tonnes of chicken to Russia to fully make up for the U.S. quota. The 150,000 tonnes may be Brazilian, Turra said.

Brazil supplied 60,000 tonnes of chicken to Russia last year, and the South American country have exported a total of more than 300,000 tonnes to Russia, the association president said.

#ANS2014

#russia, #brazil, #brics, #moscow, #rio-de-janeiro

' Imposing Sanctions on Russia Contradicts US Interests and Damages Bi-Lateral Trade '

#AceWorldNews – MOSCOW – July 17 – Imposing sanctions on Russia and blaming it for destabilizing Ukraine contradicts US national interests, President Putin said at the BRICS summit in Brazil, emphasizing that declared support of Ukrainians should not be limited to the country’s oligarchs.

READ MORE: US widens sanctions on Russia, EU takes time to think over

Speaking to the press following the BRICS summit in Brazil, Vladimir Putin was asked to comment on the new package of sanctions against Russia announced just minutes earlier by the US President.

“We aren’t the ones introducing sanctions, you should ask them,” Putin said.

“But as for sanctions, they usually have a boomerang effect, and without a doubt will force US-Russian relations into a corner,” he elaborated. “This is a serious blow to our relationship. And it undermines the long term security interests of the US State and its people.”

Putin said that it is “regrettable” that “our partners” have chosen to impose new sanctions, but Russia “will not close doors to negotiations.”

“We’re open to finding ways out of this situation,” Putin said. “I really hope that common sense and the willingness to resolve all issues through peaceful diplomatic means will prevail.”

#ANS2014 

#russia, #brazil, #bric, #putin, #ukraine, #ukrainians, #united-states, #vladimir-putin

‘ World Cup Runners-Up Show Their Disappointment with Violent Clashes on the Streets of Brazil ‘

#AceWorldNews – BRAZIL (Buenos Aires) – July 14 – Disturbances have taken place in Buenos Aires after Argentina’s national team lost the World Cup final 1-0 to Germany. Police used tear gas and water cannons to disperse angry fans.

The clashes occurred in the centre of the Argentinian capital, near the landmark Obelisk of Buenos Aires, where thousands of people peacefully gathered earlier to cheer for their team.

Violentos en Buenos Aires provocan incidentes en festejos post Mundial (FOTOS) http://t.co/DbDGDRq95J pic.twitter.com/bj2DBRs9DD
— Noticias Sin Censura (@NoticiasSOSVzla) July 14, 2014

The violence erupted when a group of 15 football fans climbed onto a TV news van and ripped off the antenna. The situation then further deteriorated as youths hurled rocks and vandalized stores in the city centre after the World Cup loss.

Elsewhere in the Argentine capital, disgruntled fans set fire to trash cans and blocked roads with makeshift barricades.

More than 30 people were detained and some 20 injured – 15 of them police – Telam news agency reported, citing police sources.

#ANS2014

#argentina, #brazil, #buenos-aires, #germany

‘ Further Delays in Sale of Marijuana in Uruguay in Implementing a Law to Legalise Cannabis’

#AceWorldNews – URUGUAY – July 09 – The sale of marijuana in Uruguay has been delayed due to “practical difficulties” in implementing a law legalizing cannabis, President José Mujica said in an interview with AFP, adding that sales will begin “next year.”

MONTEVIDEO (Reuters) – April 2014 – Uruguayans will be able buy up to 10 grams of pot a week, enough to roll 20 joints, under new rules governing the recently legalized marijuana trade in the country, a government source said on Thursday.

The source, who spoke on condition of anonymity because President Jose Mujica has not yet decreed the new regulations, said the government will auction up to six licenses to produce cannabis legally.

Mujica is expected to sign off on the rules in coming days. He proposed the landmark legalization law to undermine drug trafficking.

On Dec. 23rd, President José Mujica signed into law a bill that creates a legal, regulated marijuana industry.

Despite backlash from the U.N. and neighbouring countries like Brazil, President Mujica believes legalization provides a better solution than prohibition, and will ultimately help combat drug trafficking.

While Uruguay is now the first and only country to fully legalize marijuana, other Latin American countries, including Argentina and Chile, are already looking to follow suit.

#ANS2014

#argentina, #brazil, #chile, #un, #uruguay

‘ Police Arrest 11 People in Brazil in an International World Cup Ticket Touting Ring ‘

#AceWorldNews – BRAZIL (Sao Paulo) – July 04 – Police in Brazil say they have arrested 11 people and broken up an international gang that was involved in the illegal sale of World Cup tickets.

The scheme is said to have earned the gang as much as $90m (£52m) per tournament and could have been operating for four World Cups.

Some of the tickets seized were meant for sponsors, while others had been allocated to Brazil team officials.

Police believe some of the tickets were sold to foreign tourists.

BBC News International

#ANS2014

#brazil, #sao-paulo, #world-cup

' Mayor of Rio De Janeiro says Polluted River will not be Clean for Olympic Sailing Events '

#AceWorldNews – BRAZIL (Rio de Janeiro) – June 08 – Rio de Janeiro Mayor Eduardo Paes has said that the Brazilian city will not be able to clean the polluted bay where Olympic sailing competitions will be held before the 2016 Games.


(Brazil had made a commitment to reduce pollution in the Guanabara Bay by 80%)

But Mr Paes admitted that the target would not be met.

He regretted the missed opportunity but told the AP news agency that the pollution didn’t pose a risk to the health of athletes.

Olympic sailors who visited Rio de Janeiro recently described the bay as an open sewer.”I am sorry that we did not use the games to get Guanabara Bay completely clean,” Mr Paes said during a conference in Rio.

Many in the city were sceptical from the beginning, after decades of broken promises to have the bay cleaned.

Greater Rio has a population of some 10 million people and millions of litres of untreated sewage are dumped in the bay every day.

Most people avoid bathing from the beautiful, albeit polluted beaches inside the bay.

But Mr Paes said that there would be no risk for the sailing teams competing in the Olympics, as the races will be held in a less polluted part of the bay.

Ace Related News:
1. AP – 07/06/2014 – http://tinyurl.com/n8ovt5q

#ANS2014

#brazil, #olympic, #rio-de-janeiro

` Bus Drivers and Consular Staff in Brazil Strike Ahead of World Cup Demanding Higher Salaries ‘

#AceWorldNews – RIO DE JANEIRO – May 22 – Bus drivers and consular staff in Brazil have gone on strike less than a month ahead of the FIFA World Cup 2014 in the South American country.

Bus drivers, demanding higher salaries, began a 48-hour strike in Brazil’s second-largest city, Rio de Janeiro, on Tuesday. The industrial action has reportedly left tens of thousands of passengers stranded.

The unions representing the Brazilian bus drivers say they want a 40-percent pay raise and better working conditions. Last week, they had staged a 24-hour strike and warned that they would walk off their jobs again if authorities did not give a satisfactory response to their demands.

Meanwhile, employees at Brazil’s diplomatic missions in North America and Europe started a two-day strike on Tuesday, demanding an increase in their pay.

PRESS TV

#ANS2014

#brazil, #europe, #fifa, #north-american, #rio-de-janeiro

` Activists and Protesters Clash with Police Demanding Housing not Stadiums '

#AceNewsServices – BRAZIL – May 16 – As the World Cup in Brazil draws closer the clashes between police and protesters intensify. Further outbreaks of this type are now steadily becoming an everyday occurrence, in the Brazilian cities of Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro.

The country is in the grip of unrest with teachers, civil servants, police officers, bus drivers and the homeless furious at the cost of hosting the upcoming football World Cup.

Demonstrators are demanding housing not stadiums.

As recently reported this is giving the activists and protesters a bandwagon to climb onto in the vain hope that their demands maybe heard. Though as we all no so well, building housing costs the Brazilian government money, but putting on a show such as the ` World Cup ‘ will provide a money spinning way to not just fill the coffer’s but also provide officials with the type of kudos, that will not do their election chances any harm.

Ace News Report – Brazil – 16/05/14

#ANS2014

#brazil, #brazilian, #rio-de-janeiro, #sao-paulo, #world-cup

` World Cup Around the Corner and Crime is Rife in Rio de Janeiro as this 2013 Report by OSAC Confirms ‘

#AceNewsServices – RIO DE JANEIRO – May 09 – Report on Brazil 2013 Crime and Safety Report

Overall Crime and Safety Situation

Rio de Janeiro has been rated “Critical” for crime by the State Department for the past 25 years.

Crimes statistics for 2012 reflect continued critically high and rising levels of crimes in both the state and city of Rio de Janeiro in the categories of robbery, rape, fraud, and residential thefts.

While crime rates remain at critical levels, the homicide rate continues to fall.

Since 2005, homicides in the state and city of Rio de Janeiro have declined over 50 percent in real numbers and in the homicide rate (homicides per 100,000 inhabitants).

Despite this drop, in 2012 there were still 4,041 homicides in Rio de Janeiro state and 1,209 homicides in the city of Rio de Janeiro.

The homicide rate in the state and city of Rio de Janeiro has dropped dramatically from 42 homicides per 100,000 in 2005 to 24 homicides per 100,000 in 2012.

This report is very long so to read more download the pdf below – thank you.

Ace Related News:
1. OSAC – Report – PDF – https://www.osac.gov/pages/ContentReportPDF.aspx?cid=13966
2. OSAC – January 2013 – http://tinyurl.com/op7gwk6
3. Link courtesy of #Shaunynews @Shaunynews

#ANS2014

#aceworldnews, #brazil, #rio-de-janeiro

` World Cup Stadium Construction Halted by Workers Death Making him the Eighth to Die in Accidents in Name of Sport ‘

#AceWorldNews – BRAZIL – May 08 – An electrical accident during the rushed preparations for the tournament killed a worker in the Brazilian city of Cuiaba.

The 32 year-old man was the eighth victim to die in Brazil’s arenas about to host the World Cup.

According to a state government official, the man was working on the installation of a telecommunications network.

The international tournament will begin on June 12, but not all venues are yet ready to welcome the event, with the Arena Pantanal in Cuiaba being one of the most delayed stadiums.

Daily Mail reported in December 2013 by FIFA president Sepp Blatter has admitted that the stadium in Sao Paulo which is due to hold the opening match of the 2014 World Cup in Brazil will not be ready until mid-April this may now be very close to the opening match date.

The stadium was the site where two workers were killed when a crane fell over last month and Blatter said there was “no plan B” if further problems were encountered.

Mid-April leaves little margin for error as the opening match is due to be held on June 12, less than two months after the revised completion date.

Daily Mail – Guardian – Independent

#ANS2014

#brazil, #brazilian, #world-cup

Discoveries Challenge Beliefs on Humans’ Arrival in the Americas

SERRA DA CAPIVARA NATIONAL PARK, Brazil — Niede Guidon still remembers her astonishment when she glimpsed the paintings.

Preserved amid the bromeliad-encrusted plateaus that tower over the thorn forests of northeast Brazil, the ancient rock art depicts fierce battles among tribesmen, orgiastic scenes of prehistoric revelry and hunters pursuing their game, spears in hand.

“These were stunning compositions, people and animals together, not just figures alone,” said Dr. Guidon, 81, remembering what first lured her and other archaeologists in the 1970s to this remote site where jaguars still prowl.

Hidden in the rock shelters where prehistoric humans once lived, the paintings number in the thousands. Some are thought to be more than 9,000 years old and perhaps even far more ancient. Painted in red ocher, they rank among the most revealing testaments anywhere in the Americas to what life was like millenniums before the European conquest began a mere five centuries ago.

But it is what excavators found when they started digging in the shadows of the rock art that is contributing to a pivotal re-evaluation of human history in the hemisphere.

Researchers at Serra da Capivara National Park unearthed stone tools last year that they say prove that humans reached what is now northeast Brazil as early as 22,000 years ago. Their discovery adds to the growing body of research upending a prevailing belief of 20th-century archaeology in the United States known as the Clovis model, which holds that people first arrived in the Americas from Asia about 13,000 years ago.
Researchers at Serra da Capivara National Park unearthed stone tools last year that they say prove that humans reached what is now northeast Brazil as early as 22,000 years ago. Their discovery adds to the growing body of research upending a prevailing belief of 20th-century archaeology in the United States known as the Clovis model, which holds that people first arrived in the Americas from Asia about 13,000 years ago.
Researchers here say they have unearthed stone tools proving that humans reached what is now northeast Brazil as early as 22,000 years ago. Their discovery adds to the growing body of research upending a prevailing belief of 20th-century archaeology in the United States known as the Clovis model, which holds that people first arrived in the Americas from Asia about 13,000 years ago.

“If they’re right, and there’s a great possibility that they are, that will change everything we know about the settlement of the Americas,” said Walter Neves, an evolutionary anthropologist at the University of São Paulo whose own analysis of an 11,000-year-old skull in Brazil implies that some ancient Americans resembled aboriginal Australians more than they did Asians.

Up and down the Americas, scholars say that the peopling of lands empty of humankind may have been far more complex than long believed. The radiocarbon dating of spear points found in the 1920s near Clovis, N.M., placed the arrival of big-game hunters across the Bering Strait about 13,000 years ago, long forming the basis of when humans were believed to have arrived in the Americas.

More recently, numerous findings have challenged that narrative. In Texas,archaeologists said in 2011 that they had found projectile points showing that hunter-gatherers had reached another site, known as Buttermilk Creek, as early as 15,500 years ago. Similarly, analysis of human DNA found at an Oregon cave determined that humans were there 14,000 years ago. But it is in South America, thousands of miles from the New Mexico site where the Clovis spear points were discovered, where archaeologists are putting forward some of the most profound challenges to the Clovis-first theory.

0328-web-BRAZILmap-artboard_1Paleontologists in Uruguay published findings in November suggesting that humans hunted giant sloths there about 30,000 years ago. All the way in southern Chile, Tom D. Dillehay, an anthropologist at Vanderbilt University, has shown that humans lived at a coastal site called Monte Verde as early as 14,800 years ago. And here in Brazil’s caatinga, a semi-arid region of mesas and canyons, European and Brazilian archaeologists building on decades of earlier excavations said last year that they had found artifacts at a rock shelter showing that humans had arrived in South America almost 10,000 years before Clovis hunters began appearing in North America. “The Clovis paradigm is finally buried,” said Eric Boëda, the French archaeologist leading the excavations here.

Exposing the tension over competing claims about where and when humans first arrived in the Americas, some scholars in the dwindling Clovis-first camp in the United States quickly rejected the findings. Gary Haynes, an archaeologist at the University of Nevada, Reno, argued that the stones found here were not tools made by humans, but instead could have become chipped and broken naturally, by rockfall. Stuart Fiedel, an archaeologist with the Louis Berger Group, an environmental consulting company, said that monkeys might have made the tools instead of humans. “Monkeys, including large extinct forms, have been in South America for 35 million years,” Dr. Fiedel said. He added that the Clovis model was recently bolstered by new DNA analysis ancestrally connecting indigenous peoples in Central and South America to a boy from the Clovis culture whose 12,700-year-old remains were found in 1968 at a site in Montana. Such dismissive positions have invited equally sharp responses from scholars like Dr. Dillehay, the American archaeologist who discovered Monte Verde. “Fiedel does not know what he is talking about,” he said, explaining that similarities existed between the stone tools found here and at the site across South America in Chile. “To say monkeys produced the tools is stupid.”

Humans-First-Appearance-in-the-Americas

Having their findings disputed is nothing new for the archaeologists working at Serra da Capivara. Dr. Guidon, the Brazilian archaeologist who pioneered the excavations, asserted more than two decades ago that her team had found evidence in the form of charcoal from hearth fires that humans had lived here about 48,000 years ago.

While scholars in the United States generally viewed Dr. Guidon’s work with skepticism, she pressed on, obtaining the permission of Brazilian authorities to preserve the archaeological sites near the town of São Raimundo Nonato in a national park that now gets thousands of visitors a year despite its remote location in Piauí, one of Brazil’s poorest states.

Dr. Guidon remains defiant about her findings. At her home on the grounds of a museum she founded to focus on the discoveries in Serra da Capivara, she said she believed that humans had reached these plateaus even earlier, around 100,000 years ago, and might have come not overland from Asia but by boat from Africa.

Professor Boëda, who succeeded Dr. Guidon in leading the excavations, said that such early dates may have been possible but that more research was needed. His team is using thermoluminescence, a technique that measures the exposure of sediments to sunlight, to determine their age.

At the same time, discoveries elsewhere in Brazil are adding to the mystery of how the Americas were settled.

In what may be another blow to the Clovis model of humans’ coming from northeast Asia, molecular geneticists showed last year that the Botocudo indigenous people living in southeastern Brazil in the late 1800s shared gene sequences commonly found among Pacific Islanders from Polynesia.

How could Polynesians have made it to Brazil? Or aboriginal Australians? Or, if the archaeologists here are correct, how could a population arrive in this hinterland long before Clovis hunters began appearing in the Americas? The array of new discoveries has scholars on a quest for answers.

Reflecting how researchers are increasingly accepting older dates of human migration to the Americas, Michael R. Waters, a geoarchaeologist at Texas A&M University’s Center for the Study of the First Americans, said that a “single migration” into the Americas about 15,000 years ago may have given rise to the Clovis people. But he added that if the results obtained here in Serra da Capivara are accurate, they will raise even more questions about how the Americas were settled.

“If so, then whoever lived there never passed on their genetic material to living populations,” said Dr. Waters, explaining how the genetic history of indigenous peoples links them to the Clovis child found in Montana. “We must think long and hard about these early sites and how they fit into the picture of the peopling of the Americas.”

Kennewick Man is the name for the skeletal remains of a prehistoric man found on a bank of the Columbia River in Kennewick, Washington, on July 28, 1996. It is one of the most complete ancient skeletons ever found; bone tests have shown it to date from 7300 to 7600 B.C.[2] A stone projectile was found lodged in the man’s hip bone. His anatomical features were quite different from those of modern Native Americans and his relationship to other ancient people is uncertain.

The finding of the skeleton triggered a nine-year legal clash between scientists, the US government and Native American tribes who claim Kennewick Man as one of their ancestors. In February 2004, the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit ruled that a cultural link between any of the Native American tribes and the Kennewick

#brazil, #discoveries-challenge-beliefs, #discoveries-challenge-beliefs-on-humans-arrival-in-the-americas, #humans-arrival-in-the-americas, #kennewick-man, #niede-guidon, #serra-da-capivara-national-park-brazil, #the-americas

`Violent Protests Erupt in ` RIO ‘ after a Dancer is Allegedly Killed by Police ‘ mistaken for Drug Trafficker ‘

#AceWorldNews RIO DE JANEIRO – April 23 One person was shot dead as violent protests erupted Tuesday near Rio’s famed Copacabana beach after a dancer was killed allegedly by police, less than two months before the World Cup in Brazil.

Angry demonstrators from a slum set ablaze barricades of tires, forcing two main roads closed as they hurled bottles to protest the death of the 25-year-old dancer, whom Brazilian media say was killed after police mistook him for a drug trafficker.

A 27-year-old man described as mentally disabled was killed after being shot in the head during the protests, media quoted city hall officials as saying.

It was not immediately clear who fired the shot.

After waves of street protests last year over poor living conditions, the latest unrest was yet another embarrassment for Brazil as the Latin American giant prepares to stage the World Cup in June and the Summer Olympics in 2016.

WN – AFP – TOI

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#brazil, #copacabana, #latin-american, #rio-de-janeiro, #world-cup

` Brazil’s ` Security Forces ‘ have moved into ` Mare’s Violent Slums ‘ to ` Control Drug Gangs ‘ during the World Cup ‘

#AceWorldNews – RIO DE JANEIRO – April 05 – (ALJ) – Brazil has stepped up its efforts to shore up security during the upcoming football World Cup as the country’s armed forces moved into Rio de Janeiro’s most violent slums to crack down on drug gangs.

More than 2,000 troops, 450 marines and 200 police officers entered the Mare slum complex early on Saturday without firing a shot, and were planning to remain there until July 31, a little more than two weeks after the end of the games.

The Mare complex, home to 130,000 people, is a potential through route for tens of thousands of football fans flying in and out of the metropolis.

“We are monitoring the area closely and patrolling will be constant,” Major Alberto Horito said.

Residents went about their business during the crackdown, occasionally poking their heads out of windows to watch the soldiers as they entered their vast favela.

Many resisted talking to reporters, fearful of reprisals from drug trafficking gangs.

But one woman, who declined to be identified, told AFP news agency: “I hope things will get better here” after the robust police and military deployment.

Reuters – Al Jazeera – AFP

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#brazil, #drugs, #rio-de-janeiro, #world-cup