” Americans Global Warming Beliefs and Attitudes”

#AceEnvironmentNews says this was sent to my news-desk today and is really worth reading and  you can download the report at the bottom of the post.

climatechange-report-cvr1-nov13_copyWe are releasing the first report from our latest national survey. In Americans’ Global Warming Beliefs and Attitudes in November 2013, we report that there has been an increase in the proportion of Americans who believe global warming is not happening (23%, up 7 percentage points since April 2013). The proportion of Americans who say they “don’t know” whether or not global warming is happening has dropped 6 points – from 20% to 14% – since spring of 2013. Finally, a majority of Americans (63%) believe global warming is happening, a number that has been consistent since spring 2013.

Other findings:

  • Nearly half of Americans (47%) believe global warming – if it is happening – is caused mostly by human activities, while 37% believe that global warming is due mostly to natural changes in the environment.
  • More Americans believe that most scientists think global warming is happening than believe there is a lot of disagreement among scientists (42% versus 33% respectively). However, few Americans (22%) correctly estimate that more than 80% of climate scientists think global warming is happening (in reality, more than 97% of climate scientists agree).
  • About half of Americans (53%) say they are “somewhat” (38%) or “very worried” (15%) about global warming.
  • Asked how strongly they feel specific emotions when thinking about global warming, a majority says they are strongly or moderately interested in the subject (59%).
  • Fewer than half strongly or moderately feel any of the other emotions asked about, and relatively few say they feel angry (35%), afraid (35%), guilty (26%), or depressed (24%) when thinking about global warming.
  • Global warming evokes the strongest emotional responses among the Alarmed and Concerned. Large majorities within both groups say they feel “moderately” or “very” interested in global warming (96% and 81% respectively).
  • Majorities of the Alarmed report that they feel afraid (85%), sad (81%), angry(79%), and disgusted (76%), while the Concerned feel primarily helpless (61%),sad (59%), and disgusted (56%), but also hopeful (56%).
  • The Dismissive also report negative emotions regarding global warming, including disgusted (30%) and angry (24%), though this is likely due to their frustration that the topic – which many of them view as a hoax – receives so much attention.

The report includes an Executive Summary and reports trends in key indicators over the past several years. It can be downloaded here:

Climate Change in the American Mind: Americans’ Global Warming Beliefs and Attitudes in November 2013 

 

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#aceenvironmentnews, #april-2013, #climate-change, #environment, #global-warming, #happening, #november-2013, #percentage-point, #thought, #united-states

#AceHealthNews says according to the U S Food…

#AceHealthNews says according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has told manufacturers of antibacterial soaps and body washes to demonstrate that they are both safe and effective within the next year. New evidence is emerging that some of the chemicals used in soaps, toothpaste, dish detergent, and other common household products may pose hazards for human health and the environment. The FDA’s proposed final rule would require manufacturers to demonstrate efficacy and safety or the products could be reformulated or removed from the market.

#antibacterial, #chemicals, #environment, #human-health, #products, #soaps, #toothpaste, #us-fda

“Eat or Heat as Keeping UK Homes Warm is Becoming a Bigger Problem”

UK energy-related grapic

UK energy-related grapic (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

#AceNewsServices says the recent planned rise in the energy bills by the big six energy companies is becoming a bigger and more difficult problem, as the cold snaps of the last few days start to bite.

Then add in the fact as this video shows that “Energy Costs” have risen by just 1.7% whilst the costs of consumers bills have risen by 75% over the past two years.

Our UK Prime Minster and his Chancellor tells us they can do nothing other than to make bills even clearer and offer great choice to the consumer, with the added bonus of them taking away their “Green Levy” with of course replacing it with added back tax to people receiving the “Warm Front Incentive” of just £135.00 per annum.

The fact that the average “UK Energy Bill ” is over a £1,000 and some even more in some cases, with a planned 6% rise in the offing, it would mean families being worst off to the tune of another £60.00 per year.

Of course our illustrious Prime Minister has all the answers he says ” Just Put on Another Jumper ” but as one “Elderly Pensioner” retorted on the video – ” You Can only Wear So Many Jumpers” – she is quite right.

Maybe he could dip into his “Private Trust Fund ” and give all those that need it a helping hand, at least his hands will be warm not like so many more!  

 

#aceconsumernews, #aceconsumerviews, #aceenergynews, #conservation, #david-cameron, #department-of-energy-and-climate-change, #energy, #energy-in-the-united-kingdom, #energy-industry, #environment, #fuel-poverty, #government, #member-of-parliament, #national-energy-action, #scottish-power, #technology

Scientists’ vs. Public Understanding of Human-Caused Global Warming A New Report by Cook et al. (2013)

A new report by Cook et al. (2013) examined nearly 12,000 peer-reviewed papers in the climate science literature; the analysis found that 97% of the papers that stated a position on the reality of human-caused global warming said that global warming is happening and human-caused, at least in part. By contrast, only 41% of Americans say global warming is happening and human-caused. Assuming the scientific literature reflects climate scientists’ conclusions about global warming, Americans’ belief in human-caused global warming is about 56 percentage points lower than that of the climate science community.

Public Perceptions of the Degree of Scientific Agreement

Despite nearly unanimous agreement among climate scientists that the Earth’s climate is warming due to fossil fuel burning and other human causes, only 42% of Americans believe that most scientists think global warming is happening. One third (33%) of Americans believe that “There is a lot of disagreement among scientists about whether global warming is happening” (Leiserowitz et al. 2013).

Further, in May 2011, we found that only 15% of Americans correctly understand that over 80% of climate scientists think global warming is human caused (Leiserowitz et al. 2011).

English: Graphic illustrating the percentages ...

English: Graphic illustrating the percentages of public opinions on the likelihood of some scientists falsifying global warming research. Based on Rasmussen polling of 1,000 American adults conducted July 29-30, 2011. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

PDF Download: http://environment.yale.edu/climate-communication/files/ClimateNote_Consensus_Gap_May2013_FINAL6.pdf 

#aceweathernews, #climate-change, #cook, #environment, #global-warming, #opposing-views, #pew-research-center, #scientist, #united-states

Science of Sink Holes: So Are the Builders Causing the Disaster's to Occur by Building Our Homes and Roads in the Wrong Places?

: Santa Fe River: Sinkhole where the river goe...

: Santa Fe River: Sinkhole where the river goes underground for 3 miles, forming a natural land bridge. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Sinkholes are they causing the disaster to occur or are the builder’s by sighting our homes and roads in the wrong places, without due regard to how, what and why they occur?

Learn more about sinkholes.USGS Science Feature


The Science of Sinkholes

Picture of a sinkhole in Florida.Sinkholes are common where the rock below the land surface is limestone, carbonate rock, salt beds, or rocks that can naturally be dissolved by groundwater circulating through them. As the rock dissolves, spaces and caverns develop underground. Sinkholes are dramatic because the land usually stays intact for a while until the underground spaces just get too big. If there is not enough support for the land above the spaces then a sudden collapse of the land surface can occur. These collapses can be small, or, as this picture shows, or they can be huge and can occur where a house or road is on top.

The most damage from sinkholes tends to occur in Florida, Texas, Alabama, Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Pennsylvania. The picture to the left shows a sinkhole that quickly opened up in Florida, apparently eating a swimming pool, some roadway, and buildings.

What is a “Sinkhole”?

Picture of a sinkhole that formed below part of a house.A sinkhole is an area of ground that has no natural external surface drainage–when it rains, all of the water stays inside the sinkhole and typically drains into the subsurface. Sinkholes can vary from a few feet to hundreds of acres and from less than 1 to more than 100 feet deep. Some are shaped like shallow bowls or saucers whereas others have vertical walls; some hold water and form natural ponds. Typically, sinkholes form so slowly that little change is noticeable, but they can form suddenly when a collapse occurs. Such a collapse can have a dramatic effect if it occurs in an urban setting.

Areas prone to collapse sinkholes

The map below shows areas of the United States where certain rock types that are susceptible to dissolution in water occur. In these areas the formation of underground cavities can form and catastrophic sinkholes can happen. These rock types are evaporites (salt, gypsum, and anhydrite) and carbonates (limestone and dolomite). Evaporite rocks underlie about 35 to 40 percent of the United States, though in many areas they are buried at great depths.

Map of the United States showing areas where rock that are prone to dissolution and sinkholes are prevalent.

Types of sinkholes

Since Florida is prone to sinkholes, it is a good place to use to discuss some different types of sinkholes and the geologic and hydrologic processes that form them. The processes of dissolution, where surface rock that are soluble to weak acids, are dissolved, and suffosion, where cavities form below the land surface, are responsible for virtually all sinkholes in Florida.

Dissolution sinkholes

Diagram of a sinkhole caused by dissolution of subsurface rock, generally limestone. Dissolution of the limestone or dolomite is most intensive where the water first contacts the rock surface. Aggressive dissolution also occurs where flow is focussed in preexisting openings in the rock, such as along joints, fractures, and bedding planes, and in the zone of water-table fluctuation where groundwater is in contact with the atmosphere.

Cover-subsidence sinkholes

Cover-subsidence sinkholes tend to develop gradually where the covering sediments are permeable and contain sand. In areas where cover material is thicker or sediments contain more clay, cover-subsidence sinkholes are relatively uncommon, are smaller, and may go undetected for long periods.

Cover-collapse sinkholes

Cover-collapse sinkholes may develop abruptly (over a period of hours) and cause catastrophic damages. They occur where the covering sediments contain a significant amount of clay. Over time, surface drainage, erosion, and deposition of sinkhole into a shallower bowl-shaped depression.

Diagram showing cover-collapse types of sinkholes.

Sinkholes can be human-induced

New sinkholes have been correlated to land-use practices, especially from groundwater pumping and from construction and development practices. Sinkholes can also form when natural water-drainage patterns are changed and new water-diversion systems are developed. Some sinkholes form when the land surface is changed, such as when industrial and runoff-storage ponds are created. The substantial weight of the new material can trigger an underground collapse of supporting material, thus causing a sinkhole.

Hydrologic cycle of water from atmosphere to g...

Hydrologic cycle of water from atmosphere to ground in Florida, including the formation of sinkholes, artesian wells, springs, and confluence of salt water from the ocean (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The overburden sediments that cover buried cavities in the aquifer systems are delicately balanced by ground-water fluid pressure. The water below ground is actually helping to keep the surface soil in place. Groundwater pumping for urban water supply and for irrigation can produce new sinkholes In sinkhole-prone areas. If pumping results in a lowering of groundwater levels, then underground structural failure, and thus, sinkholes, can occur.

Take our groundwater true/false quiz.  Groundwater true/false quiz

Sources and more information

 • Sinkholes, USGS Fact Sheet 2007-3060
• Land Subsidence in the United States, U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1182
• Land Subsidence in the United States, USGS Fact Sheet-165-00
• Carbonate-rock aquifers, Aquifer Basics

http://www.stableliftfoundationrepair.com/

#acesciencenews, #alabama, #environment, #florida, #groundwater, #land-surface, #sinkhole, #terrain, #texas, #united-states, #united-states-geological-survey, #water-resources

New Academic Study Shows Benefits For: food security, resource efficiency, economic stability, improved biodiversity, climate-change mitigation

Humboldt University of Berlin

Humboldt University of Berlin (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

New academic study shows that productive agriculture brings significant benefits for food security, resource efficiency, economic stability, improved biodiversity, climate-change mitigation. Productive agriculture delivers important benefits to Europe and the world from increased food security and more efficient land use to climate change mitigation, biodiversity protection and economic and social stability – according to a landmark academic study released today.

The new report, “The social, economic and environmental value of agricultural productivity in the European Union“, has been published by the Humboldt Forum for Food and Agriculture, an international non-profit think tank based in Berlin.

The study assesses data on the economic, social and environmental effects of productive agriculture (which uses modern technologies such as agricultural machinery, new seed varieties, organic and/or mineral fertilizers, and plant protection products and solutions) in the EU.

According to the findings, each percentage point increase in agricultural productivity in the EU:

1. Feeds more than 10 million humans per year.
2. Increases the annual social welfare generated in European agriculture by approximately 500 million.
3. Contributes EUR 500 to the annual income of an average EU farmer and reduces our net virtual land imports by about 1.2 million hectares.
4. Acts to save 220 million tons in CO2 emissions preserves global biodiversity, equivalent to fauna and flora of up to 600,000 hectares of     rainforest
5. Switching to low input agricultural methods, with average 31 per cent lower yields than productive agriculture in the EU, would come at the cost of these benefits, according to the report’s authors.

“This study – the first scientific analysis of its kind – quantifies the various benefits of productive agriculture in the EU,” said one of the study’s authors, Dr.Steffen Noleppa of agripol GbR, an agricultural policy research firm based in Berlin. Harald von Witzke from Humboldt University Berlin, president of the Humboldt Forum forFood and Agriculture and also an author of the study, adds: “Clearly, when it comes to agriculture, productivity matters.”

ecpa 2012 grade 8 diversity

ecpa 2012 grade 8 diversity (Photo credit: mosaic36)

Dr. Friedhelm Schmider, Director General of ECPA, the European Crop Protection Association, said: “This study reminds us all that productive agriculture, which incorporates pesticide use and other modern agricultural technologies, has contributed to improve our way of life in many ways. The benefits pesticides bring to the table are often taken for granted, and the reasons for their use in agriculture are rarely discussed.
Nevertheless, we are hopeful that this new research will serve as base for increasing the understanding of the accomplishments which have already been achieved in agriculture. Innovation in crop protection has delivered a lot and for this to continue we need policy and regulatory frameworks that foster innovation and help Europe’s farmers to stay competitive, in order to meet the challenges of tomorrow and to continue to deliver affordable and healthy food available for all, whist protecting environment and consumer health.”

To download the study, visit this link: http://www.hffa.info/index.php/resources/download-publications/publications/working-paper-5.html

For the online version please follow the link: http://www.ecpa.eu/news-item/agriculture-today/10-31-2013/817/why-europe-needs-more-productive-agriculture

For comment from the study’s authors, contact: office@hffa.info

The European Crop Protection Association (ECPA) represents the crop protection industry interests at European level. Its members include all major companies and national associations across Europe.

For more information: http://www.ecpa.eu

For more general information:

http://www.hungry4change.eu

facebook.com/cropprotection

twitter.com/cropprotection

The European Crop Protection Association (ECPA)

 

#aceenvironmentalnews, #acefoodnews, #acehealthnews, #africa, #agriculture, #berlin, #climate-change-mitigation, #climate-change, #environment, #european-union, #food, #government, #greenhouse-gas, #humboldt-university-berlin

Weather Alert Model – That could forecast water leaks more accurately – but who pays?

Met Office shows new water leakage model

17 October 2013 – The Met Office will show its new leakage model along with its other Weather Intelligence Models for demand, seasonal night use, pipe burst and turbidity data – at the UK Water Annual Leakage Conference, 24 October 2013.

Burst water pipe

The Met Office will show its new leakage model along with its other Weather Intelligence Models for demand, seasonal night use, pipe burst and turbidity data – at the UK Water Annual Leakage Conference, 24 October 2013.

Historically water leakage has been difficult for water companies to quantify or forecast accurately across water networks and resource zones, because of the large weather dependency. Understanding this weather dependency enables accurate modelling and reporting of the leakage.

Leakages account for up to 30% of the total annual distribution input across the water company’s network. The Met Office’s leakage prediction model assesses and predicts the influence of weather on leakage, which is known to particularly increase in periods of winter weather. The model allows for the close management of weather related leakage, on a week by week basis, enabling the water company to monitor and review its leakage strategy and expenditure on leakage reduction work can be set against levels of risk.

Thames Water

Thames Water (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The launch of the new Met Office weather intelligence models follows a successful collaboration with Thames Water to make the suite of models available across the whole water industry. The models, which have been developed to include the Met Office’s world leading weather data, can be adapted and calibrated to individual water company regions.

Michelle Spillar, Head of Utilities at the Met Office, says, “Our new modelling suite enables water companies to perform day by day network monitoring, forecast trends and analyse actual and predicted future events tailored to their specific network characteristics – offering multiple benefits and cost savings across water resources‘ strategy and operations.”

In addition to leakage the Met Office’s suite of weather intelligence models consists of:

Burst model

  • Increases in pipe burst occurrence during cold-weather winter periods cause large fluctuations in workload and resources required in call centre and repair teams.
  • Understanding and modelling weather related pipe bursts enables prediction of likely burst numbers on a 15 day time scale, allows for optimal resource deployment.
  • Integration of the burst model into contingency planning and emergency response, allows some of the worst impacts of winter weather to be modelled and quantified with mitigation activities planned.

Demand model

  • Summer water demand can vary by up to 10% according to the weather.
  • The Met Office’s demand model can be used for long-term strategic and short-term operational demand modelling, prediction and water resource management.
  • The model allows water companies to manage service reservoir storage levels optimally, providing efficiencies in energy use and security of supply during peak periods. Maintenance activities can be scheduled with increased confidence and assessment of the business benefits of implementing demand management measures, such as temporary use bans, can be undertaken accurately.

Seasonal night usage model

  • Night usage of water is known to increase in summer, in accordance with hot and dry weather conditions and other relevant factors.
  • Separating additional summer night use and leakage is challenging for water companies.
  • The seasonal night use model allows seasonal usage increases to be separated from leakage. Leakage trends across different resource zones over the summer can be monitored with the weather signal removed and leakage planners are able to use the seasonal night use model results to target detection resources effectively during the summer. Accurate assessments of true leakage early in the year, can benefit leakage targeting later in the year.

Turbidity model

  • The measurement of turbidity, the cloudiness or haziness of a fluid, is a key test of water quality.
  • Heavy rainfall causes increases in the levels of suspended particles in rivers, increasing the level of treatment needed.
  • The cost incurred in bringing the untreated water up to drinking water quality can increase the cost of production by up to five times.
  • The turbidity model enables the relationship between heavy rainfall and turbidity to be modelled, helping manage resources and minimise the impact of high turbidity events.

#acenewsservice, #business, #energy, #environment, #met-office, #non-revenue-water, #thames-water, #turbidity, #water-resources

It’s not perhaps quite as dramatic as it…

It’s not, perhaps, quite as dramatic as it sounds. April saw the ninth heaviest snow cover on record measured in the Arctic, covering the Pole in more of the white stuff than it’s seen in a long ol’ time. But by May, temperatures increased and almost half the cover melted.

http://gizmodo.com/the-north-pole-is-now-a-lake-907239981

#climate-change, #eco-system, #environment, #gizmodo, #northpole

Changing Our Climate Will Let Business Profit

English: Logo of the UN World Food Programme i...

English: Logo of the UN World Food Programme in SVG format (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Food price spikes caused by extreme weather events like the US drought will become the norm over the next twenty years, leading to millions of deaths from malnutrition among the world’s poorest if Governments do not act on climate change, Oxfam has warned.

While the average price of staple foods is already expected to double in the next twenty years, the UK’s leading poverty charity predicts that separate catastrophes such as droughts, floods and bad harvests will also become more common as a result of climate change, leading to regular and dramatic jumps in prices.

The effect may have already been seen this year, the charity says. A 10 per cent rise in world food prices in July has been blamed on the severest drought in the USA in fifty years, along with dry weather in Eastern Europe and Kenya. Oxfam warned that policymakers have “underestimated” the full impact of climate change on future food prices.

The huge potential impact of extreme weather events of future food prices is missing from today’s climate change debate,” said the charity’s climate change policy advisor Tim Gore. “Rising temperatures and changing rainfall patterns hold back crop production and cause steady prices rises. But extreme weather events – like the current US drought – can wipe out entire harvests and trigger dramatic food price spikes.”

July was the USA’s hottest month on record, contributing to the warmest 12 month period for the country since records began. Widespread drought has destroyed one sixth of the country’s corn crop and driven up staple food prices worldwide.

Oxfam predicted that future weather events on a similar scale, such as a flood in southern Africa or another drought in North America, could have a catastrophic impact on food prices within the next twenty years. Financial modelling suggested that one or more extreme events in a single year could cause two decades worth of price inflation to occur in a matter of months.

Recently the United Nations urged “swift, coordinated international action” to combat the current price spike, which has seen corn and wheat prices soar by 25 per cent, warning that “even in a good year, global grain production is barely sufficient to meet growing demands for food, feed and fuel.”

Policymakers will wish to avoid a repeat of the food crisis of 2008, where the rising cost of grain, maize, rice and soya led to social unrest and riots in many parts of Africa, South America and Asia. New UN task forces were set up in the wake of the 2008 crisis to co-ordinate the trade, production and aid policies of the world’s governments in the event of another price spike.

In a joint statement, three UN food agencies called on governments to take long-term steps such as investing in agriculture in food importing countries, to safeguard them against future price shocks.

The statement from the Rome-based Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and the World Food Programme (WFP) said that weather had been the driver of each three international food spikes in the past five years.

Until we find the way to shock-proof and climate-proof our food system, the danger will remain,” the statement said.

The UN statement stopped short of calling an emergency meeting of the Rapid Response Forum, set up in the wake of 2008 crisis. Oxfam said that world leaders were “dragging their feet” and that failure to cut back on greenhouse gas emissions “made a future crisis more likely.”

As more hikes in the price of our everyday essentials will become the norm then companies such as Glencore and others of the same ilk will become the basis of ” profit before people” and people will pay with their pockets first and their lives second!

Potatoes are one of the most used staple foods.

Potatoes are one of the most used staple foods. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

#climate, #environment, #extreme-weather-events, #oxfam, #united-nations, #world-food-prices, #world-food-programme

Lynda’s Storey – Saving The Sea Life

This was a story sent to me by Lyndia Storey and she ask everyone reading it to share and sign-up on her link.

Friends of the Sea:

My deepest appreciation goes to each of you 238,525 who have signed this petition to date to stop the deliberate killing and maiming of our sea life. The petition will be delivered next week on Tuesday to be answered and included in the Environmental Impact Statement that must be filed and approved to allow this to continue. I am just one person who has personal experience with the cetacean community and know how truly wrong it is to invade our oceans with harmful sound and other forms of pollution. We can stop this; your outpouring of e-mails and letters tells me it is time for this change. Respecting the oceans is a way of affirming our own humanity and our willingness to live in harmony with the natural world. We only have a few days to make our voices heard. Would you be willing to post this once again and ask your friends who have not signed to sign? Your small action now can make a big difference, it as a way of leveraging your voice. I would like to arrive at the Navy offices with 500,000 names of people who are asking for this to change.

Whatever you do in your lives to make a difference in this world, do it with “GREAT PASSION”.  There are so many areas in our world that need healing and all of us have a responsibility to speak out and help each other in that process. Thanks to Signon.org, we can easily make our voices heard. It’s not over till it’s over and we still have a few days left. I urge you to take action if it is in your heart to do! Thank you a million times over.

Lyndia Storey
(mother, grandmother and lover of the sea)

http://signon.org/sign/navy-under-water-sound?source=s.em.cr&r_by=4760594&mailing_id=4893

#environment, #environmental-impact-statement, #lyndia-storey, #marine-biology, #navy, #ocean, #signon-org, #united-states-navy

” HOW LUCKY WE ARE IN LIFE”

Amina Murtala is only 20, but she has already lost three children to lead poisoning – a deadly consequence of small-scale gold mining in her home state of Zamfara in Nigeria.

Human Rights Watch researched the impact of lead poisoning on communities near Zamfara’s mines, shooting video of the families, teachers, and healthcare workers we interviewed. We created a multimedia report exposing the devastation – the worst lead poisoning epidemic in modern history.
This was a recent article l obtained from my friends on Human Rights Watch and it highlights how lucky we are to live in the west. The following paragraph is as written and is uncut.

Our objective was to persuade Nigeria’s federal government, which controls funding for lead clean-up, of the situation’s urgency. Together with our partner organizations, we urged the Nigerian government to protect families at risk of lead poisoning. Last week President Goodluck Jonathan agreed to release 650 million Naira (roughly US$4 million) for environmental remediation and to put in place safer mining practices in Zamfara state. This clean-up could give Amina’s newest baby a better chance at a healthy life.

Over many years we have managed to eradicate lead poisoning in the UK but these people are just starting, all l can say is good luck Jonathan.

#environment, #nigeria-human-rights, #politics